Curriculum development

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  • 1. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVESHISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES OF CURRICULUMOF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENTDEVELOPMENT JOCELYN M. GALLEGOSJOCELYN M. GALLEGOS MPES IMPES I

2. The development of curriculumThe development of curriculum in history is basically founded ofin history is basically founded of five outstanding motives, namely:five outstanding motives, namely: 1. The religious1. The religious 2. The political2. The political 3. Utilitarian. 4. The mass education motive. 5. The motive for excellence in education. 3. Traditional schools defined curriculum as aTraditional schools defined curriculum as a group of subjects arranged in a certaingroup of subjects arranged in a certain sequence to the subject field itself for thesequence to the subject field itself for the purpose of instruction.purpose of instruction. 4. This definition is based on theThis definition is based on the assumption that the rule ofassumption that the rule of education is to fit the individualeducation is to fit the individual for his place in society.for his place in society. 5. Some authors define curriculum as the totalSome authors define curriculum as the total effort of the school to bring about desiredeffort of the school to bring about desired outcomes in school and out-of-schooloutcomes in school and out-of-school situation or a sequence of potentialsituation or a sequence of potential experiences set up in the school for theexperiences set up in the school for the purpose of disciplining children and youth inpurpose of disciplining children and youth in group ways of thinking and acting.group ways of thinking and acting. 6. The elements that usuallyThe elements that usually compose of a curriculumcompose of a curriculum are the Following:are the Following: 1. A statement of aims and1. A statement of aims and of specific objectives.of specific objectives. 7. 2. Some selection and2. Some selection and organization of content.organization of content. 3. Certain patterns of learning3. Certain patterns of learning and teachingand teaching 4. A program of evaluation of4. A program of evaluation of the outcomes.the outcomes. 8. Curriculum planCurriculum plan is the advance arrangement ofis the advance arrangement of learning opportunities for a particularlearning opportunities for a particular population of learners. A writtenpopulation of learners. A written curriculum plan is what we known ascurriculum plan is what we known as curriculum guide.curriculum guide. 9. Curriculum PlanningCurriculum Planning is the process whereby theseis the process whereby these arrangements of curriculum pansarrangements of curriculum pans or learning opportunities areor learning opportunities are created.created. 10. Is the process of preparing for theIs the process of preparing for the duties of teaching, deciding uponduties of teaching, deciding upon goals and emphases, determininggoals and emphases, determining curriculum content, selectingcurriculum content, selecting learning resources and classroomlearning resources and classroom procedures, evaluating progress,procedures, evaluating progress, and looking toward next steps.and looking toward next steps. 11. Occurs when the schoolOccurs when the school faculties plan to fit newfaculties plan to fit new programs into existing one, andprograms into existing one, and as a teachers responsible workas a teachers responsible work together and individual totogether and individual to arrange specific learningarrange specific learning situations for he pupils theysituations for he pupils they teach.teach. 12. Curriculum DevelopmentCurriculum Development Is a cooperative venture amongIs a cooperative venture among teachers, supervisor, curriculumteachers, supervisor, curriculum expert, learners, parents and non-expert, learners, parents and non- school people.school people. 13. Is defined as the process ofIs defined as the process of selecting, organizing, executing,selecting, organizing, executing, and evaluating learningand evaluating learning experiences on the basis of theexperiences on the basis of the needs, abilities, and interests ofneeds, abilities, and interests of learners and the nature of thelearners and the nature of the society or community. It takessociety or community. It takes into consideration the followinginto consideration the following factors:factors: 14. 1. The nature of society which includes the1. The nature of society which includes the cultural heritage, the needs andcultural heritage, the needs and demands as well as thedemands as well as the economiceconomic,, social, political, culturalsocial, political, cultural,, moralmoral andand other problems of the peopleother problems of the people 2. The interests, the needs, previous2. The interests, the needs, previous experiences and problems of theexperiences and problems of the learner.learner. 3. Educational and psychological principles3. Educational and psychological principles based on the findings of scientificbased on the findings of scientific studies and experimentation.studies and experimentation. 15. Curriculum LaboratoryCurriculum Laboratory Is a place or workshop whereIs a place or workshop where curriculum materials are gatheredcurriculum materials are gathered or used by teachers or learners ofor used by teachers or learners of curriculumcurriculum.. 16. Resource UnitResource Unit Is a collection or suggestedIs a collection or suggested learning activities and materialslearning activities and materials organized around a given topic ororganized around a given topic or area which a teacher might utilizearea which a teacher might utilize in planning, developing, andin planning, developing, and evaluating a learning unit. Itevaluating a learning unit. It consists of the following:consists of the following: 17. 1. Introduction or short explanation1. Introduction or short explanation of the importance of the topic.of the importance of the topic. 2. Objectives or anticipated2. Objectives or anticipated outcomesoutcomes 3. Content of the unit.3. Content of the unit. 4. Unit of activities4. Unit of activities 5. Evaluation5. Evaluation 5. Bibliography of useful materials.5. Bibliography of useful materials. 18. Master in Physical EducationMaster in Physical Education and Sportsand Sports General ProvisionsGeneral Provisions If the student has not taken undergraduateIf the student has not taken undergraduate courses in a field of specialization, he iscourses in a field of specialization, he is required to take eighteen (18) units ofrequired to take eighteen (18) units of qualifying courses to be determined byqualifying courses to be determined by the Academic Program Chairpersonthe Academic Program Chairperson unless otherwise specified in theunless otherwise specified in the curriculum;curriculum; 19. The student may take more than theThe student may take more than the prescribed units in any distribution inprescribed units in any distribution in the curriculum to meet his careerthe curriculum to meet his career objective and professional needs;objective and professional needs; Free electives may be chosen fromFree electives may be chosen from among the courses offered which areamong the courses offered which are outside the required subjects in theoutside the required subjects in the students curriculum;students curriculum; 20. If the student has completedIf the student has completed courses substantially equivalent tocourses substantially equivalent to the required courses, he maythe required courses, he may waive the latter by application towaive the latter by application to the Dean.the Dean. 21. Program DescriptionProgram Description The Master in Physical EducationThe Master in Physical Education and Sports (MPES) is a programand Sports (MPES) is a program tailored to the needs of graduates intailored to the needs of graduates in education and related areas to haveeducation and related areas to have appropriate competencies in physicalappropriate competencies in physical education and sports for professionaleducation and sports for professional and leadership positions in variousand leadership positions in various settings.settings. 22. VisionVision The Master in Physical Education and SportsThe Master in Physical Education and Sports envisions to competitively prepare itsenvisions to competitively prepare its graduates for roles in administrative leadershipgraduates for roles in administrative leadership positions in physical education and sports in apositions in physical education and sports in a variety of settings, including private business,variety of settings, including private business, professional and college athletics,professional and college athletics, administration in higher education, research,administration in higher education, research, and community services.and community services. 23. MissionMission The programs mission is to produce graduatesThe programs mission is to produce graduates for work in the sports industry, as well as infor work in the sports industry, as well as in schools and colleges as teachers, coaches,schools and colleges as teachers, coaches, administrators, and good servants of theadministrators, and good servants of the community.community. 24. ObjectivesObjectives To enhance the leadership, instructionalandTo enhance the leadership, instructionaland research skills in physical educatin andresearch skills in physical educatin and sports.sports. To advance the curriculum design,To advance the curriculum design, instructional material development andinstructional material development and techniques.techniques. To enhance the competenciesTo enhance the competencies needed in community extension servicesneeded in community extension services 25. CurriculumCurriculum A. Foundation/Core (12 units)A. Foundation/Core (12 units) PE 620 Foundations of EducationPE 620 Foundations of Education PE 621