Current Employment Statistics & Local Area Unemployment Statistics Basics Current Employment...

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Transcript of Current Employment Statistics & Local Area Unemployment Statistics Basics Current Employment...

  • Slide 1
  • Current Employment Statistics & Local Area Unemployment Statistics Basics Current Employment Statistics & Local Area Unemployment Statistics Basics Joseph Winter, CES/LAUS Supervisor
  • Slide 2
  • Two Labor Market Information Programs that Estimate Employment in Colorado Monthly Current Employment Statistics (CES) and Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
  • Slide 3
  • Value as an Economic Indicator Data on employment and unemployment are used to: Evaluate the economic health of the States and the US. Guide monetary policy decisions Assess the growth of various industries Contribute to other statistics, such as GDP Detect and plan for swings in the business cycle Guide decisions on plant location, sales, and purchases
  • Slide 4
  • CES AND LAUS: Current monthly estimates of employment Federally-funded programs Mandated by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
  • Slide 5
  • Why are there 2 different programs that estimate employment? 1. Two Different Surveys CES: Survey of Business Establishments LAUS: Survey of Households 2. CES and LAUS Cover Different Aspects of the Labor Market
  • Slide 6
  • Why are there 2 different programs that estimate employment? Benefit of CES: Employment by Industry Benefit of LAUS: Employment by County Lets discuss each program in more detail
  • Slide 7
  • CES: Survey of Business Establishments Colorados CES program obtains employment data on over 5,000 business establishments every month In order to obtain information on the number of jobs in Colorado, the CES program mails out this survey to businesses located in Colorado
  • Slide 8
  • Current Employment Statistics How is Employment Defined? CES employment is defined as the number of employees at a business establishment who receive pay for the pay period that includes the 12 th of the month. People who work on multiple payrolls are counted at each establishment.
  • Slide 9
  • Current Employment Statistics Who is Included as Employed in CES? full time and part time workers temporary workers employees on paid holiday or sick leave those who worked for only part of the pay period
  • Slide 10
  • Current Employment Statistics Who is not Included? self employed agricultural workers volunteers unpaid family workers domestic workers employees on leave without pay employees who are on strike for the entire pay period
  • Slide 11
  • CES data is available by INDUSTRY IndustryFeb-04Jan-04Feb-03 Over-the- Month Change Over-the- Year Change Total Nonfarm 2,131.42,131.72,159.0-0.3-27.6 Natural Resources & Mining 12.812.9 -0.1 Construction 144.5146.1153.5-1.6-9.0 Manufacturing 153.3153.1159.70.2-6.4 Trade, Transportation, & Utilities399.4399.1407.80.3-8.4 Information 82.182.786.1-0.6-4.0 Financial Activities 153.9153.3152.80.61.1 Professional and Business Services282.1280.7287.61.4-5.5 Educational and Health Services218.4217.4211.21.07.2 Leisure and Hospitality243.2244.0245.0-0.8-1.8 Other Services 85.686.285.2-0.60.4 Government 356.1356.2357.2-0.1-1.1 **Employment is in thousands
  • Slide 12
  • Current Employment Statistics Colorado Statewide Denver Metro Boulder Colorado Springs CES Employment Data is Available for: CES data is not available at the COUNTY level
  • Slide 13
  • Applying CES Data When did Colorados employment peak? How many jobs have been lost since employment peaked?
  • Slide 14
  • Applying CES Data
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  • What has been happening to Construction employment in Colorado? How does that compare with the number of building permits issued in Colorado?
  • Slide 16
  • Applying CES Data How does Colorados construction employment compare to the US?
  • Slide 17
  • Applying CES Data What do the seasonal hiring patterns look like in Leisure & Hospitality?
  • Slide 18
  • Applying CES Data How does that compare with hiring patterns in Professional & Business Services?
  • Slide 19
  • Measuring Colorados Employment Recall that: CES estimates employment from a survey of business establishments LAUS measures employment from a survey of households
  • Slide 20
  • LAUS: Survey of Households Colorados LAUS program obtains employment information on approximately 1,500 households every month This information is obtained from the Current Population Survey conducted in cooperation with the Bureau of the Census
  • Slide 21
  • Entire Population Population that includes institutionalized, noncivilians, or those under 16 yrs of age Civilian, noninstitutionalized population over the age of 16 In the Labor Force Employed Unemployed Not in the Labor Force
  • Slide 22
  • Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who is in the Labor Force? All civilian, noninstitutionalized persons 16 years of age or older classified as employed or unemployed make up the labor force
  • Slide 23
  • (1)Worked for at least 1 hour as a paid employee (2)Worked in their own business or on their own farm (3)Worked a minimum of 15 hours as an unpaid worker in an enterprise operated by a family member (4)Was not working but has a job from which they were temporarily absent Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who is Considered Employed in LAUS? An employed person is one who, during the calendar week of the 12 th of the month, did one of the following:
  • Slide 24
  • Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who does this Include? Self-employed Full time and part time employees Temporary employees Farm workers Unpaid family workers Employees on leave without pay Employees on paid holiday or sick leave Domestic workers Employees on strike Individuals who work multiple jobs are only counted once
  • Slide 25
  • (1)They were not employed during the calendar week of the 12 th of the month (2)They were available for work during the calendar week of the 12 th of the month (3)And they made specific attempts to find employment some time during the 4-week period that ends with the week of the 12 th of the month Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who is Considered Unemployed? An unemployed person is one who meets ALL of the following criteria:
  • Slide 26
  • Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who does this Include? An individual whose employment ends involuntarily An individual who ends their employment voluntarily An individual who has worked before but is not working prior to beginning their job search (often called a reentrant) An individual who has never worked before and is entering the labor force for the first time (often called a new entrant) REMEMBER: They must be actively seeking employment!
  • Slide 27
  • Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who is not in the Labor Force? This includes discouraged workers who want to work, are available for a job, have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months, but are not currently looking for employment What other individuals would not be counted in the labor force? Those not in the labor force include all persons age 16 or older in the civilian, noninstitutional population who are not classified as employed or unemployed
  • Slide 28
  • Entire Population Population that includes institutionalized, noncivilians, or those under 16 yrs of age Civilian, noninstitutionalized population over the age of 16 In the Labor Force EmployedUnemployed Not in the Labor Force Discouraged Workers
  • Slide 29
  • Local Area Unemployment Statistics Lets look at one of the most common applications of LAUS data: Unemployment Rate: The percentage of the labor force that is unemployed Unemployment Rate = Number Unemployed Civilian Labor Force X 100
  • Slide 30
  • LAUS data is presented by COUNTY
  • Slide 31
  • Applying LAUS Data How does Colorados Unemployment Rate compare with the US?
  • Slide 32
  • Applying LAUS Data How has the number of unemployed people in Denver changed over the past 10 years?
  • Slide 33
  • Applying LAUS Data How does that compare with Mesa County?
  • Slide 34
  • Applying LAUS Data How does El Paso County compare with Teller County?
  • Slide 35
  • Applying LAUS Data
  • Slide 36
  • Important Differences between CES and LAUS Survey of businesses vs survey of households Self employed not counted in CES Agricultural workers not counted in CES CES counts multiple job holders Industry data vs County data
  • Slide 37
  • CES vs LAUS Total Employment in Colorado March 2004: CES = 2,141,200 LAUS = 2,363,900
  • Slide 38
  • Limitations to CES and LAUS CES employment data is not available at the county level LAUS employment data is not available at the industry level Where can I find employment data by INDUSTRY & COUNTY?
  • Slide 39
  • Quarterly Census of Employment & Wages For Example: Data can be obtained on the number of people in Douglas County who are employed in Construction QCEW (also referred to as ES-202) employment and wage data comes from Unemployment Insurance (UI) Tax records and is published at the county and industry level.
  • Slide 40
  • Quarterly Census of Employment &