Current Cassava Production Status in Cassava Production... In processing down-market cassava-based...

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    Current Cassava Production Status in Nigeria

    Dr Richardson Okechukwu

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    ▪ Domestic cassava demand expected to reach $8.5bn by 2020 ▪ Industrial use of cassava expected to grow by 5x ▪ Sizable import substitution and export opportunities for a range of

    end products like flour, pellets, starch, sweeteners, ethanol, and snacks

    ▪ The Federal and State government is supporting private sector led cassava “centers of excellence” to address sector challenges

    ▪ Limited access to improved seed, fertilizer and finance ▪ Wide cassava price fluctuations and significant lack of infrastructure

    to link producers to processors ▪ Small-scale, dispersed location of cassava farmers in Nigeria

    ▪ Nigeria has low yields when compared to international leaders and cannot currently meet demand from existing processors

    The opportunity

    The challenges to be addressed

    Capturing the potential

    The situation

    Introduction

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    Cassava growing area

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    Cassava plays the role of food security and cash crop

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    The value chain

    5

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    Nigeria Cassava Market

    Unit Product Fresh root HQCF Mt pa 300,000 1,200,000 Sweetners Mt pa 300,000 1,200,000 Starch Mt pa 250,000 1,250,000 High quality Gari Mt pa 455,000 1,365,000 Total Mt pa 1,305,000 5,015,000

    Production (t) 5,015,000 5,015,000 5,015,000 5,015,000 5,015,000 Yield (t/ha) 30 25 20 15 9

    Area (ha) 167,166.7 200,600.0 250,750.0 334,333.3 557,222.2

    Source: FMARD Cassava Transformation Action Plan

    Elements 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Area harvested (Ha) 3,782,000 3,810,000 3,875,000 3,778,000 3,129,030 3,481,900 3,737,090 3,850,000 3,850,000 Production (tonnes) 41,565,000 45,721,000 43,410,000 44,582,000 36,822,250 42,533,180 52,403,455 54,000,000 53,000,000

    Yield (t/Ha) 10.99 12.00 11.20 11.80 11.77 12.22 14.02 14.03 13.94

    Source: FAOSTAT 2015

    6

    Presenter Presentation Notes In processing down-market cassava-based goods like HQCF and sweeteners, a large amount of cassava is needed in Nigeria. To get an idea of the scale, as well as the ratio of cassava to the processed products, below is a chart of the cassava needed based on intended output:

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    CAVA II Key Milestones In All Countries

    Systems developed around enterprises capable of supplying competitively priced fresh cassava roots. Smallholder farmers adopt new varieties plus appropriate and better agronomic practices which increases yield by at least 25%.

    Projections C:AVA II

    2015 2016 2017 2018 20192015-2019 Nigeria 155,863 163,961 231,718 312,462 451,248 1,315,252 Ghana 36,886 42,050 63,125 87,838 130,523 360,422 Tanzania 17,249 22,785 33,890 46,708 67,730 188,362 Uganda 12,289 17,556 32,011 44,597 69,030 175,483 Malawi 5,917 10,758 18,450 27,338 42,383 104,846 TOTAL 230219 259126 381211 520961 762933 2144365

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    Edo Bayelsa

    Cross River Akwa Ibom

    Ebonyi Enugu

    Anambra Imo

    Rivers Delta Abia

    Yield across States (t/ha) 0 5 1510 20 25 30 35

    Improved varieties Local varieties

    Yield Gap

    8

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    Essentials for a cassava farmer

    • Site selection • Procurement of inputs • Mechanization • Weed control • Labour costs • Plant population • Field supervision till time of harvest • Farm records • Postharvest activities

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    26

    21.2 17.5

    25.4

    29.4

    0

    5

    10

    15

    20

    25

    30

    35

    Traditional system

    Improved varieties

    Mechanized planting

    Mechanized planting and harvesting

    Mechanized planting

    &harvesting &improved varieties

    U S $ /t

    o n

    100% 13.6% 11.6% 27.9% 40.5%

    The only way to reduce production cost is to mechanise at the farm level

    Cost Reduction Effects

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    Cassava mechanization

    Four-row planter Boom Sprayer Slasher

    Knapsack sprayer Harvester Tractor

    Increased productivity and profitability

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    Importance of the policy environment

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    Cluster farming model

    Inputs

    Large commercial farmers

    ▪ >250 Ha

    Medium commercial farmers ▪ >50 Ha

    Small-holder farmers ▪ >10 Ha

    ▪ Provision of agro-services: ‒ Land preparation ‒ Improved seeds ‒ Fertilizers ‒ Access to mechanical

    equipment

    Agro-services company Starch factory

    Sweetener factory

    Consumer companies

    ▪ Provision of processed products to domestic and foreign companies, across sectors, e.g.,: ‒ Food and beverage ‒ Pharmaceuticals ‒ Textile

    Nucleus farm ▪ Processor owned,

    backward integrated ▪ 40-60% supply

    End MarketCassava Production Processing

    HQCF factory

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    Competitive commercial cassava cultivation training

    Develop cluster farming around processing sites

    14

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    Young people in Agriculture

    IITA Youth Agripreneurs on their cassava field

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    Business plan • Where you want to go – if you have cassava

    farm, do you want to process a product? • What is the purpose? • What is the market like? Who are your

    competitors? • Who are you targeting? – who are the

    customers? • How do you intend to get there?- what resources

    (money, workers, etc,) that you need. • When do you intend to get there? – Your time

    frame?

    16

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    Resources needed to start cassava production business

    • Knowledge, education, and business plan • Good source of inputs (seed, agrochemicals, fertilizer) • Money • Personnel • Machinery • Land/building • Water • Entrepreneurial skills

    – Credit management – Organizing and time management – Costing and pricing – Risk management

    17

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    • Location

    • Vegetation-Topography

    • Size

    • Soil type

    •Community relations

    •Fire

    •Cattle Fulani

    Land Acquisition

    18

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    S/No CLONE YEAR OF

    RELEASE S/No CLONE YEAR OF

    RELEASE

    1 IITA-TMS-IBA30555 1976 22 IITA-TMS-980510 2005

    2 IITA-TMS-IBA30572 1984 23 IITA-TMS-980581 2005

    3 IITA-TMS-IBA4(2)1425 1986 24 TME 419 2005

    4 IITA-TMS-IBA90257 1986 25 IITA-TMS-IBA920326 2006

    5 IITA-TMS-IBA84537 1986 26 IITA-TMS-IBA920057 2006

    6 IITA-TMS-IBA8200058 1986 27 IITA-TMS-IBA980002 2006

    7 IITA-TMS-IBA8200661 1986 28 IITA-TMS-IBA961632 2006

    8 IITA-TMS-IBA8100110 1986 29 NR87187 2006

    9 IITA-TMS-IBA30001 1986 30 IITA-TMS-IBA961089A 2009

    10 IITA-TMS-IBA50395 1986 31 NR 930199 2009

    11 NR41044 1986 32 IITA-TMS-IBA000203 2010

    12 NR 8083 1986 33 IITA-TMS-IBA010040 2010

    13 NR 83107 1986 34 NR01/0004 2010

    14 NR 8082 1986 35 CR41-10 2010

    15 NR 8212 1986 36 IITA-TMS-IBA011368 2011

    16 TME 1 1986 37 IITA-TMS-IBA011371 2011

    17 MS 3 1986 38 IITA-TMS-IBA011412 2011

    18 NR 8208 1988 39 NR 03/0211 2011

    19 IITA-TMS-IBA91934 2005 40 NR 03/0155 2011

    20 IITA-TMS-972205 2005 41 IITA-TMS-IBA011206 2012

    21 IITA-TMS-980505 2005 42 IITA-TMS-IBA982132 2012 19

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    Progress in cassava root yield and CMD resistance of 581

    cassava genotypes

    CMD

    y = -0.0044x + 9.1817 R2 = 0.1741

    0.25

    0.30

    0.35

    0.40

    0.45

    0.50

    0.55

    0.60

    0.65

    0.70

    1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000

    FYLD

    y = 0.0101x - 18.908 R2 = 0.3406

    0.00

    0.20

    0.40

    0.60

    0.80

    1.00

    1.20

    1.40

    1.60

    1.80

    1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000

    Lo g

    (tr ai

    t+ 1)

    Year of cloning

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    Number of released varieties in each country from pre-1990 to present

    47

    4139

    24 21

    181817151413131312 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 3 2 2

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

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