Curent Affair

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April-2009 National Affairs 1. The Union Cabinet imposed Presidents Rule in Meghalaya. 2. The facility to maintain and train pilots for the MiG 29 K frontline fighter aircraft was inaugurated at the INS Hansa naval base in Goa by Vice-Admiral J.J. Bedi, Commander-in-Chief, Western Naval command. 3. The Energy and Resources Institute and the Indian Mountaineering Foundation signed a memorandum of understanding to study, preserve and safeguard the Himalayan glaciers under the National Mission of Sustaining the Himalayan Eco-system. 4. The Government of India observed April 21 as Civil Service Day, presenting an occasion for civil servants to rededicate themselves to the cause of citizens and renew their commitment to public service and excellence.

May-2009 National Affairs 1. UPA won the General Elections. It secured 263 seats out of 543. Congress secured 206 seats, Trinamool congress-19, DMK-18, NCP-9, National Conference -3, JMM-2 and AIMIM-1 among UPA. 2. Naveen Patnaik sworn as the CM of Orissa for the 3rd time as Biju Janata Dal (BJD) secured a clear majority in the elections. 3. The President of Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF), Pawan Kumar Chamling sworn as the CM of Sikkim for the 4th time. 4. Meghalaya chief minister DD Lapang heading the Congress-led coalition United Meghalaya Alliance won the trust vote. 5. Cyclone Aila has hit West Bengal and Orissa which brought heavy rains and nearly 60 people were dead. 6. Sabitha Indra Reddy sworn as Indias 1st woman Home Minister of Andhra Pradesh June-2009 National Affairs 1. Prof Yashpal and his committee members submitted final report to the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). They have suggested the scrapping of all higher education regulatory/monitoring bodies and creation of a super regulator: a seven-member Commission for Higher Education and Research (CHER). They also recommended that the deemed university status be abandoned and that all deserving deemed varsities be either converted

full-fledged universities or scrapped and a GRE like test be evolved for university education. 2. Ramesh Pokhariyal is the new Chief Minister of Uttarakhand. 3. Centre bans CPI (Maoist) : The Centre banned the Communist Party of India (Maoist), terming it a terrorist organization. It invoked Section 41 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act against the extremist outfit. The CPI (Maoist) came into existence following the merger of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist), the Peoples War Group (PWG) and the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC). 4. Liberhan Commission submitted report to the Prime Minister : The Justice Liberhan Commission, which probed the sequence of events that led to the Babri Masjid demolition in Ayodhya on December 6, 1992, submitted its report to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh 5. Inflation turns negative for first time since 1977-78 : The annual rate of inflation (wholesale price index) turned negative and stood at -1.61 % for the week ended 6 June 2009. 6. AP Govt. handed over Environment Protection Training & Research Institute (EPTRI) to the Centre. 7. HRD Minister Kapil Sibal launched anti ragging helpline in New Delhi. The toll free number of this helpline is 1800-180-5522, and the e-mail is The other toll-free number 155222 is under implementation. 8. Sukhoi 30 inducted into Air Force at Tezpur : Super fast Sukhoi 30 MKI fighter aircraft has been inducted in the Tezpur Air Force Station of Assam. Initially, four aircrafts were introduced in the Air Force Station at a simple function. July-2009 National Affairs 1. Actress Nandita Das has been appointed chairperson of the Childrens Film Society of India (CFSI). 2. Nandan Nilakeni took over as the head of Unique Identification Authority of India (UIAI). Ramsevak Sarma took over as CEO of UIAI. 3. The solar eclipse of 22 July 2009 was the longest total solar eclipse during the 21st century. This will take place again in 2132. Totality lasted for up to 6 minutes and 39 seconds, with the maximum eclipse occurring in the Pacific ocean at 02:35:21 about 100 km south of the Bonin Islands, southeast of Japan. In Gujarat, it lasted for 6 min and 30 seconds.

4. Mohanlal, an actor was conferred the honorary title of Lieutenant Colonel in the Territorial Army (TA), a citizens force of the Indian army. 5. The deepest sea port at Ganagvaram was opened which is 20meters deep 1km from the sea coast. 6. Two NSG centers were started at Mumbai and Hyderabad. August-2009 National Affairs 1. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has set to make the Class X board examination optional for students who will continue in the same school for the senior secondary level. 2. Cabinet has approved 50% reservation for women in Panchayat Raj Institutions. The center shall amend Article 243(d) to implement the reservation. 3. Indias largest ICT event e-India 2009 was held at Hyderabad International Convention Center. 4. AP Assembly has adopted a resolution urging the center to give SC status to Dalit Christians. 5. Oil production was started in Cairn Indias on-land Mangala oilfield, Barmer, Rajasthan. This is the countrys biggest oil find. 6. Law Commissions chairperson Justice AR Lakshmanan submitted 234th report to law minister Veerappa Moily. The Law Commission has framed a set of drastic recommendations to deal with rash and negligent driving, including increasing punishment from two years in jail to 10 as well as making the offence non-bailable.The Commission has suggested to amend Section 304A of the Indian Penal Code. It recommended inserting a provision in the Motor Vehicles Act for confiscation of vehicles fitted with LPG cylinders meant for home kitchen and arrest and prosecution of owners/drivers of such vehicles. 7. A special cell to deal with the issues of women married to non resident Indians (NRI) will be formally established on August 27. The Commission chairperson Girija Vyas told that the NRI cell will function under the National Commission for Women (NCW). 8. The Center has banned the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC). A new council will be formed in place of DGHC. 9. AP Govt. has extended the ban on Maoists for a year from August 17th, 2009 to August 16th, 2010. 10.227th Law Commission Report: The Law Commission has recommended amendments to the Hindu Marriage Act (HMA) and other personal laws to the

effect that a person whose marriage is governed by such legislation cannot marry again even after changing religion unless the first marriage is dissolved or declared null and void. The Commission was headed by Justice A.R. Lakshmanan. It also suggested that amendments be made in the Criminal Procedure Code to make bigamy a cognizable offence. 11.Parliament has cleared The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Bill, 2009 which envisages free and compulsory education to children in the 6-14 age group with the Lok Sabha approving it by voice vote. 12.Thiruvavalluvars statue was unveiled in Bangalore by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Karunanidhi after a period of 18 years it was put on. 13.President Pratibha Patil inaugurated Armed Forces Tribunal An exclusive court for members of the Army, Navy and Air Force, Armed Forces Tribunal, was established by the President. The keenly awaited AFT will provide a judicial forum for redressal of grievances among the 1.5 million military personnel and over 2 million ex-servicemen. September 2009 National Affairs 1. The Cabinet has decided to release an additional installment of DA to Central government employees and dearness relief to pensioners representing an increase of 5 per cent over the existing rate of 22 per cent of the basic pay/pension to compensate for price rise. On the International Literacy day (September 8th), the Prime Minister launched National Mission for Female Literacy (Sakshar Bharat Mission). The missions aim is to make 70 million people ( 60 million of them women ) functionally literate by 2012 and reduce the gender gap .The center and state governments will contribute in the ratio of 75:25 respectively for this programme. 2. Venkateswara Ayurveda Nilayam Limited secured a patent for its antidiabetic herbo mineral composition VK4 DIACON and the process of preparing it, for a period of 20 years with effect from December 12, 2005 in accordance with Patents Act, 1970. Its chairman is D V Sriramamurthy. 3. Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhar Reddy died in a chopper accident on September 2nd and Rosaish sworn as the new Chief Minister. 4. The Executive Board of UNESCO has approved Indias proposal to set up a Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development as UNESCO Category I Institute at Delhi. This would be the first Category-I Institute of Unesco to be established in the Asia Pacific region.

5. The Tirupati Tirumala Devastanams Laddu got its Geographical Indication patent rights. 6. Operation Green Hunt was started in South Bastar of Chhattisgarh from September 17th. State Police and Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (COBRA) participated in the operation. October 2009 National Affairs 1. According to Registrar General of India, Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) for the year 2008 was 53 per 1000 infants which were 57 per 1000 in 2006. The least IMR was in Kerala 16 per 1000. 2. The highest broad-gauge railway line from Anantnag to Kajigund in Kashmir was started by the Prime Minister. It was built on an altitude of 1772m. * The Election Commission has recognised Raj Thackerays Maharashtra Navnirman Sena as a State party in Maharashtra and will allot a permanent election symbol of the partys choice. 3. India has declared itself free from the Avian Influenza (H5N1). The notification was issued to the OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health) on October 22. A country can declare itself free from birdflu, if there is no outbreak for three months. With the declaration, the country can hope to revive its poultry trade. India