Culture History Report

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School of Architecture, Building and DesignBachelor of Science (Hons) Architecture

(ARC 60203) ARCHITECTURE CULTURE AND HISTORY 2PROJECT 2: REPORT

MBPJ TOWER

Tutor: Ms ShahrianneNo.Students NameStudent ID

1Keshni Devi Sobarun 0323062

2Kong Xhiang Lynn0317730

3Lee Kai Yung0318314

4Leong Yu Shi 0322586

Table of Contents

1. Introduction P.3 2. Site Context Analysis P.4 P.7 3. Architecture Layout P.8 P.144. Architectural Style P.15 P.185. Building structure, construction, material P.19 P.266. Architecture Element P.27 P.297. Conclusion P.308. Reference P.31 P.32

1. Introduction (prepared by Keshni Devi Sobarun) Figure 1. Menara MBPJ Tower as a landmark in Petaling JayaBuilt by Hijjas_Kasturi in 1987, the MBPJ Tower is a major landmark and a symbol of modernism in Petaling Jaya. The tower played a major role to attract commercial banks such as Maybank, Bank Islam, Public Bank and Standard Chartered Bank. The building not only embodies the economy of the country but also provide financial aid to the population. The tower was inaugurated on 16 March 1987, with 27 stories and a RM50 million price tag. It is also the headquarters of the local city council of Petaling Jaya and houses many commercial facilities. The objective of this project is to revive the neglected spaces in the urban area via the implementation of architecture. Hence, human interaction, human activities and human flow were the main focus around the particular area. Nevertheless, the MBPJ (Majlis Perbandaran Petaling Jaya) council had the vision to recreate nature in the city to provide a comfortable and healthy living environment.

2. Site context analysis (prepared by Kong Xhiang Lynn)2.1 Building accessibility. The MBPJ tower is a governmental building located towards the east of Petaling Jaya (PJ) state, which is also known as PJ New Town, 12.5km to the south-west of Kuala Lumpur and 6.6 km to the south-west of Bangsar.

The tower is connected by mostly one way roads and is easily accessible from the two main roads which is the Federal Highway and the New Pantai Expressway (NPE). These roads can easily be accessed from the nearby cities including: Kuala Lumpur which is approximately 12km to the north-east of the site Bangsar which is approximately 6km to the north-east of the site Puchong which is approximately 7.7km to the south of the site Subang which is approximately 12.3km to the west of the site

The location plan (Figure 2) shows the route to the site and the roads that can be accessed.

Figure 2. Location Plan MBPJ Tower is also easily accessed via public transportation as the area is located within walking distance of the Taman Jaya LRT station.

Figure 2.1 Bridge leading to the entrance of the buildingFigure 2.2 Two way road leading to the carpark

Furthermore, MBPJ tower consists of 2 shaded pathway which are located at the north and the south of the building, leading to the entrance of the tower; 5 staircase, each at the 4 corners of the sunken plaza with an additional one beside the road which allow pedestrian to access to the carpark; and a two way road which leads the cars to the carpark. 2.2 FunctionMBPJ tower is a 27-storey governmental building which is occupied by a number of private offices and several departments such as development planning, engineering, and building control which are under the city council that provide services to the citizens.

2.3 Relationship of building to surroundingsThe heart of Petaling Jaya, with the nickname of Central Business District of Petaling Jaya, covered by plentiful shop lots that make up the commercial area as well as major banks in the nation has become a business trading center for the citizens. Therefore, the area became a strategic place to locate MBPJ tower which strengthens the area as a business hub and at the same time provide convenience to the citizens.Being the landmark and also the focal point of PJ New Town, MBPJ tower stands out with its unique form of hexagonal shape which contrasts with the surrounding building that takes the typical form of a rectangular shape. At the same time, it also adds life and art to the surrounding area due to its unique art deco architectural style.

2.4 Respond to climate

Figure 2.3 Faade of the tower covered mainly by dark tinted glass

Petaling Jaya is known to be one of the wettest cities in Malaysia with an average rainy days of 162 per year and roughly more then 3,300mm of average rainfall annually. It is also warm with an average temperature of 30 degree Celsius throughout the year. Hence, the MBPJ is constructed mainly by dark tinted glass which is a better heat insulator in comparison to concrete. At the same time, the large panel windows take advantage of the tropical climate which allows natural light to light up the interior of the building. To promote air ventilation while still maintaining the design of the faade, functional windows are arranged linearly with the same width.

3. Architecture Layout of Building (prepared by Leong Yu Shi)MBPJ Tower is designed intentionally to change the state into a safe, living and green township. The quality of the spaces are created based on criteria developed from a peoples perspectives which is life, space and building. Master plan is done first before the micro plan comes out later but these 2 stages are interdependent and interrelated.

Figure 3.1 Plan view of MBPJ tower with site context

The plan of the tower throughout the building is in hexagonal shape which implies a unique geometry into this building. It has an insertion concept where it creates a contrast with the site context as the buildings around it is in rectangular shape.

Figure 3.2 Photograph of the main lobby level plan of MBPJ towerFigure 3.3 Main lobby level plan of MBPJ tower

The plan is symmetric and balance where the hexagon shape plan is being elongated. The access to the building is located at the horizontal part of the plan. This enables maximum space usage of the building as the office desks are mostly located at the horizontal blank spaces. Besides that, maximum view of Petaling Jaya can be obtained from each and every working desks as the buildings of the surrounding are low.

Figure 3.4 One of the bridge leading to the entrance of MBPJ towerMBPJ tower has 2 main access to the building which is the north and south bridges, they are fairy identical to each other.

Figure 3.5 Drawing of the columns of MBPJ towerSteel columns can be found around the building to support the heavy 27 floors skyscraper.

Figure 3.6 Typical floor plan of MBPJ towerBeams are connected to the columns in the middle of the plan. The main support columns for floor slabs are located in the rectangular walls surrounding the lift. When you enter from the north and south bridge, a directory can be seen right on the wall.

Figure 3.8 Interior of the main lobby (North wing)

Figure 3.7 Interior of the main lobby (South wing)

The main access is the lift which can access to each and every floors, is located at the middle of the building. Besides that, the staircase is located on the left of the plan. The architect is trying to promote central dominant configuration where he locates the circulation in the middle of the building where 360 degree view of Petaling Jaya can still be obtained.

Figure 3.10 Lifts at the main lobbyFigure 3.9 Reception desk at main lobby

Before we move to the lift in the middle, a hexagonal reception desk (Figure 3.9) synchronizes with the shape of the building. There are 2 openings leading to the desk which enables security check every time visitors enter. There are 6 lifts and 2 stairs which can access to each and every floors of the building.

Figure 3.11 Floor planning of MBPJ tower5 out of 22 floors are private for internal office usage, whereas 17 floors are being used to service the community. The main public area is the carpark at Lower Ground floor and the lobby is the Ground Floor.

Figure 3.13 Spatial arrangement of Ground Floor Figure 3.12 Circulation of Ground floor towards the lift

As the floors are added, the verticality of the building does not lose its properties. The building is very spacious as the ceiling is very tall and the brightness of the building is much needed because its a government office and at the same time, saves energy. The presence of natural lighting also portrays transparency as their main principle.

Figure 3.15 East/West elevation of MBPJ tower Figure 3.14 North/South elevation of MBPJ tower

Symmetry and balance is used on the faade of building too, which creates a sense of harmony. It also emphasizes verticality of the building which appears taller visually. Instead of a thick and heavy hexagonal structure, the architect has applied subtraction into this building where the bottom of the building is slanted inwards. Lower Ground floor is used as car park and sewage area and Ground floor as the main lobby area.

4. Architectural Style (prepared by Keshni Devi Sobarun)Post-modern Architecture began as an international style. The first examples of which are generally cited as being from the 1950s, but did not become a movement