Culture and Emotion [Instructor Name] [Class Section Number]

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Transcript of Culture and Emotion [Instructor Name] [Class Section Number]

  • Slide 1
  • Culture and Emotion [Instructor Name] [Class Section Number]
  • Slide 2
  • Warm-up Activity Koko the gorilla and her kitten Do you need to be human to have emotions?
  • Slide 3
  • Overview What Are Emotions? Historical Background Current Research and Theory Importance of Similarities and Differences Learning Appropriate Emotional Expression
  • Slide 4
  • What Are Emotions?
  • Slide 5
  • Are emotions the same across cultures? What Are Emotions?
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  • Emotion is shared and different. How different? Increasing importance - multicultural societies & inter-connected world What Are Emotions?
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  • Overview What Are Emotions? Historical Background Current Research and Theory Importance of Similarities and Differences Learning Appropriate Emotional Expression
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  • Historical Background Universalists All cultures share common primordial ancestor Emotions are the same Constructivists Humans have adapted to different environments Emotions evolved too Cultural ideas and practices are all-encompassing
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  • Historical Background Studies by Paul Ekman (1970s) Matching emotions Some variability Cultural causes Display rules
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  • Overview What Are Emotions? Historical Background Current Research and Theory Importance of Similarities and Differences Learning Appropriate Emotional Expression
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  • Current Research and Theory North American Smile: greater frequency, greater intensity East Asian Smile: lower frequency, lower intensity
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  • Current Research and Theory Independent self High arousal state Enthusiastic North AmericanEast Asian Interdependent self Low arousal state Peaceful
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  • Current Research and Theory Ideal Affect N. America high arousal positive East Asia low arousal positive
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  • Current Research and Theory Prefer more arousing leisure activities Prefer calmer leisure activities North AmericanEast Asian
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  • Current Research and Theory Feel good after positive event Mixed feelings after positive event North AmericanEast Asian
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  • Current Research and Theory Emotional suppression leads to more depression Emotional suppression not associated with depression North American East Asian
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  • Current Research and Theory - Similarities Similar physiological response after positive & negative events Positive emotions after positive events
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  • Current Research and Theory - Similarities Self esteem & relationship harmony emphasized Self Esteem Self Esteem Relationship Harmony Relationship Harmony Self Esteem Self Esteem Relationship Harmony Relationship Harmony European-American/Individualistic Hong Kong Chinese/Collectivist But not in equal proportion
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  • Overview What Are Emotions? Historical Background Current Research and Theory Importance of Similarities and Differences Learning Appropriate Emotional Expression
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  • Importance of Similarities and Differences in Emotion Understanding Different ways to well-being Similarities between species What are the similarities between elephants and humans?
  • Slide 21
  • Overview What Are Emotions? Historical Background Current Research and Theory Importance of Similarities and Differences Learning Appropriate Emotional Expression
  • Slide 22
  • Learning Appropriate Cultural Emotional Expression Childrens Storybooks Genetic Differences < Value Difference Models of Self
  • Slide 23 cc Slide 5 Photo Credit:Frans Persoon https://www.flickr.com/photos/38659937@N06/4107095362/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/ Slide 7 Photo Credit: Stefan Scheer http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Neandertaler_reconst.jpg http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en Slide 10 Photo Credit: Kanaka Menehune https://www.flickr.com/photos/13584435@N00/2795269057/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/ Slide 10 Photo Credit: Didier-Lg https://www.flickr.com/photos/75455070@N00/149965164/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ Slide 14 Photo Credit: OAKLEYZ FOTOZ https://www.flickr.com/photos/77135314@N03/7393553998/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Slide 14 Photo Credit: mac.rj https://www.flickr.com/photos/38775064@N05/5614050826/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Slide 13 Photo Credit: that one doood https://www.flickr.com/photos/35967757@N04/6068274226/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ Slide 13 Photo Credit: gkamin https://www.flickr.com/photos/65692143@N00/1985808529/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ Slide 15 Photo Credit: KarlGartland https://www.flickr.com/photos/8326658@N08/10127241184/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/ Slide 16 Photo Credit: Diamond Geyser https://www.flickr.com/photos/92607898@N00/4954867751/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/ Slide 18 Photo Credit: Spiva Arts https://www.flickr.com/photos/95823288@N05/8751405550/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Slide 20 Photo Credit: sensesmaybenumbed https://www.flickr.com/photos/63357531@N00/2293906896/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/">
  • Photo Attribution Slide 1 Photo Credit: snej https://www.flickr.com/photos/35034359668@N01/4761553812/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/ Slide 2 Photo Credit: Dozyg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gorilla_port_lympne1.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/en:public_domain Slide 4 Photo Credit: The Advocacy Project https://www.flickr.com/photos/42487558@N00/4742475546/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ Slide 5 Photo Credit: Shazron https://www.flickr.com/photos/67779936@N00/1124298654/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/">cc Slide 5 Photo Credit:Frans Persoon https://www.flickr.com/photos/38659937@N06/4107095362/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/ Slide 7 Photo Credit: Stefan Scheer http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Neandertaler_reconst.jpg http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en Slide 10 Photo Credit: Kanaka Menehune https://www.flickr.com/photos/13584435@N00/2795269057/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/ Slide 10 Photo Credit: Didier-Lg https://www.flickr.com/photos/75455070@N00/149965164/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ Slide 14 Photo Credit: OAKLEYZ FOTOZ https://www.flickr.com/photos/77135314@N03/7393553998/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Slide 14 Photo Credit: mac.rj https://www.flickr.com/photos/38775064@N05/5614050826/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Slide 13 Photo Credit: that one doood https://www.flickr.com/photos/35967757@N04/6068274226/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ Slide 13 Photo Credit: gkamin https://www.flickr.com/photos/65692143@N00/1985808529/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ Slide 15 Photo Credit: KarlGartland https://www.flickr.com/photos/8326658@N08/10127241184/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/ Slide 16 Photo Credit: Diamond Geyser https://www.flickr.com/photos/92607898@N00/4954867751/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/ Slide 18 Photo Credit: Spiva Arts https://www.flickr.com/photos/95823288@N05/8751405550/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Slide 20 Photo Credit: sensesmaybenumbed https://www.flickr.com/photos/63357531@N00/2293906896/ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/