Cultural and Social Factors

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Cultural and Social Factors. Cultural and Social Factors (that affect participation) Three units in the module : Leisure Time Fairness and Personal and Social Responsibility Social Groupings. Cultural and Social Factors (that affect participation) Three units in the module: Leisure Time - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Cultural and Social Factors

Social Reasons for ParticipationThree units in the module:
Leisure Time
Social Groupings
GCSE PE
Three units in the module:
Leisure Time
Social Groupings
TODAY: Leisure Time
Leisure Time: OBJECTIVES To understand the concept of leisure time and look at the types of provisions that can be made for it. To be aware of specifically identifiable user groups.  
Leisure Time: WHAT YOU WILL LEARN Opportunities available – reasons for increased leisure time, e.g. greater unemployment, shorter working week, technological advances including more labour-saving devices. Growth in the leisure industry (public and private sector) to provide for this greater need. Providers and users – local authority provision specifically targeting particular ‘user groups’ and making concessions and allowances for them
GCSE PE
The BIG question..
What is LEISURE?
Time spent not working and participating in activities we enjoy.
A time for choice.
Why do you think people had little leisure time?
What do we do with our time?
GCSE PE
Why do you think people have more leisure time?
What do we do with our time?
GCSE PE
What was the difference between the 1900’s and today?
1900’s
Heavy manual labour
Transport limited
Low wages
Technology
GCSE PE
Feeling of well being
Also coaches, physiotherapists, sports development officers and PE teachers
Professional sport once limited to soccer, rugby league, boxing, jockeys tennis and golf
Lots of careers in sport
Sports clubs employ full time officials
Governing bodies of sport such as UK Sport and Sport England employ full time staff
Vocation
A time to relax
To do something healthy
How can your age, location and the cost influence what you do in your recreation time?
GCSE PE
Starter Task: Watch the pictures below and see if you can work out the focus of today’s lesson
GCSE PE
Objective: To understand the concepts of fair play and correct etiquette within sport (Fairness and personal and social responsibility).
ALL: What is meant by the terms etiquette and fair play?
MOST: Why are etiquette and fair play so important in sport? (Give examples in your answer)
SOME: Using one or more example explain why ‘entering into the spirit of the game’ is so important?
GCSE PE
Three units in the module:
Leisure Time
Social Groupings
TODAY: Fairness and Personal and Social Responsibility
Fairness and… : OBJECTIVES To understand the concepts of fair play and correct etiquette 
Fairness and… : WHAT YOU WILL LEARN Concepts of etiquette and fairness – examples of where this is expected to take place within different sports The link with rules – adherence to the rules and spirit of the game, including responding positively to the officials in charge (teachers/coaches, etc.) affecting safety.
GCSE PE
Etiquette (pronounced [,eti'ket]) is a code of behaviour that outlines expectations for social behaviour according to contemporary conventional norms within a society, social class, or group (sport).
Fairness - conformity with rules or standards. Free from favouritism, self-interest, or preference in judgment
“Spirit of the Game places the responsibility for fair play on every player. Highly competitive play is encouraged but should never sacrifice the mutual respect between players, adherence to the rules of the game, or the basic joy of play.” ( WFDF Rules of Ultimate ).
GCSE PE
Three units in the module:
Leisure Time
Social Groupings
TODAY: Social Groupings
Social Groupings: OBJECTIVES To be aware of the different types of social groupings that exist. To understand the influences and effects these groups can have, both positively and negatively.  
Social Groupings: WHAT YOU WILL LEARN Peers – positive and negative effects of peer pressure on participation Family – positive and negative effects of family pressure on participation Gender – positive and negative effects of gender on participation in sport including wider sporting opportunities and involvement in management and officials’ roles Ethnicity – awareness and appreciation of their own and other cultures in relation to physical activities.
GCSE PE
ALL: Identify the 4 social groupings that exist
MOST: Explain the positive and negative influences that these groupings can have on participation in sport
SOME: Consider ways of encouraging those who are negatively affected by their social groupings to participate in sport
GCSE PE
Positive & Negative
influences on participation
The right to participate in a wide range of sporting and recreational activities is taken for granted by most of us today. But there are still those who don’t always have the opportunities to take part.
This unit of work focuses on the main social groupings that influences participation in sport and physical activity.
These influences can have a…
Positive effect – encouraging participation
GCSE PE
Positive & Negative
influences on participation
Parents often encourage their children to participate in the sports they like themselves.
Parental support and interest often greatly increases their child’s enthusiasm, the lack of it may have the opposite effect unless other influences, such as school or friends, have a more positive effect.
The long tradition of discrimination against women in sport has not completely died away.
Many sports were not considered ladylike and men thought women could get hurt easily, so they were not allowed to participate. Boxing, for example.
In the UK, women now play almost every sport men do, but still the attendances and prize money are less than the men’s equivalent. However, in some countries, religion and political beliefs prevent women from participating.
GCSE PE
Positive & Negative
influences on participation
A persons ethnic origin can heavily influence their participation in sport.
In many cultures there are rules stipulating what women can/cannot wear and this in turn can have an impact on their participation in PE/Sport. Some cultures still see the women’s role as in the home which limits their leisure time.
Peer group pressure or influence can be a major factor in the lifestyle and interests of young people. What your friends do, you often do.
It takes strength of character to follow your own inclinations rather than just follow the crowd. Sometimes friends/others in your peer group may ridicule your participation in a certain sport, this can have a negative impact.
GCSE PE
Extension Task:
Pick one of the following scenarios and create an action plan (what would you do?)
Your best friend is not really interested in sport/PE but you really want them to attend the local badminton club with you. Consider how you would encourage them to join with you.