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Transcript of CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX - · PDF fileCORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2018 The 2018...

CORR

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RCEP

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INDE

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This work is licensed under CC BY-ND 4.0Transparency International 2019.

ISBN: 978-3-96076-084-9Printed on 100% recycled paper.

Every effort has been made to verify the accuracy of the information contained in this report. All information was believed to be correct as of January 2019.Nevertheless, Transparency International cannot accept responsibility for the consequences of its use for other purposes or in other contexts.

Generous support for the Corruption Perceptions Index 2018 is provided by EY.

Transparency International is a global movement with one vision: a world in which government, business, civil society and the daily lives of people are free of corruption. Through more than 100 chapters worldwide and an international secretariat in Berlin, we are leading the fight against corruption to turn this vision into reality.

#cpi2018www.transparency.org/cpi

CORRUPTIONPERCEPTIONSINDEX 2018The 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index, published by Transparency International, measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 180 countries and territories. Drawing on 13 surveys of businesspeople and expert assessments, the index scores on a scale of zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).

The results paint a sadly familiar picture: more than two-thirds of countries score below 50, while the average score is just 43. Perhaps most disturbing is that the vast majority of countries assessed have made little to no progress. Only 20 have made significant progress in recent years.

As long as corruption continues to go largely unchecked, democracy is under threat around the world.

Corruption chips away at democracy to produce a vicious cycle, where corruption undermines democratic institutions and, in turn, weak institutions are less able to control corruption, said Patricia Moreira, managing director of Transparency International. With many democratic institutions under threat across the globe often by leaders with authoritarian or populist tendencies we need to do more to strengthen checks and balances and protect citizens rights.

Citizens demand transparency. Recent anti-corruption protests from Mongolia to Romania to Guatemala have made clear the publics outrage with politicians abuse of office and attempts to limit their own accountability. Voters frustration with corruption has also reshaped the politics of several countries in the past few years. The leaders riding waves of discontent to positions of power must pay more than lip-service to anti-corruption; it should enter the DNA of their policies and reforms.

Our research makes a clear link between having a healthy democracy and successfully fighting public sector corruption, said Delia Ferreira Rubio, chair of Transparency International. Corruption is much more likely to flourish where democratic foundations are weak and, as we have seen in many countries, where undemocratic and populist politicians capture democratic institutions and use them to their advantage.

CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2018

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GLOB

AL A

NALY

SIS

88 Denmark 187 New Zealand 285 Finland 385 Singapore 385 Sweden 385 Switzerland 384 Norway 782 Netherlands 881 Canada 981 Luxembourg 980 Germany 1180 United Kingdom 1177 Australia 1376 Austria 1476 Hong Kong 1476 Iceland 1475 Belgium 1773 Estonia 1873 Ireland 1873 Japan 1872 France 2171 United States 2270 United Arab

Emirates23

70 Uruguay 2368 Barbados 25

SCORE COUNTRY/TERRITORY RANK 53 Namibia 5252 Grenada 5352 Italy 5352 Oman 5351 Mauritius 5650 Slovakia 5749 Jordan 5849 Saudi Arabia 5848 Croatia 6047 Cuba 6147 Malaysia 6147 Romania 6146 Hungary 6446 Sao Tome

and Principe64

46 Vanuatu 6445 Greece 6745 Montenegro 6745 Senegal 6744 Belarus 7044 Jamaica 7044 Solomon Islands 7043 Morocco 7343 South Africa 7343 Suriname 7343 Tunisia 7342 Bulgaria 7741 Burkina Faso 78

180 COUNTRIES.180 SCORES.HOW DOESYOUR COUNTRYMEASURE UP?The perceived levels of public sector corruptionin 180 countries/territories around the world.

SCORE

0-9 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 90-100 No data

Very Clean

Highly Corrupt

68 Bhutan 2567 Chile 2766 Seychelles 2865 Bahamas 2964 Portugal 3063 Brunei

Darussalam31

63 Taiwan 3162 Qatar 3361 Botswana 3461 Israel 3460 Poland 3660 Slovenia 3659 Cyprus 3859 Czech Republic 3859 Lithuania 3858 Georgia 4158 Latvia 4158 Saint Vincent and

the Grenadines41

58 Spain 4157 Cabo Verde 4557 Dominica 4557 Korea, South 4556 Costa Rica 4856 Rwanda 4855 Saint Lucia 5054 Malta 51

GLOBAL ANALYSIS

3

41 Ghana 7841 India 7841 Kuwait 7841 Lesotho 7841 Trinidad

and Tobago78

41 Turkey 7840 Argentina 8540 Benin 8539 China 8739 Serbia 8738 Bosnia and

Herzegovina89

38 Indonesia 8938 Sri Lanka 8938 Swaziland 8937 Gambia 9337 Guyana 9337 Kosovo 9337 Macedonia 9337 Mongolia 9337 Panama 9336 Albania 9936 Bahrain 9936 Colombia 9936 Philippines 9936 Tanzania 9936 Thailand 99

35 Algeria 10535 Armenia 10535 Brazil 10535 Cte dIvoire 10535 Egypt 10535 El Salvador 10535 Peru 10535 Timor-Leste 10535 Zambia 10534 Ecuador 11434 Ethiopia 11434 Niger 11433 Moldova 11733 Pakistan 11733 Vietnam 11732 Liberia 12032 Malawi 12032 Mali 12032 Ukraine 12031 Djibouti 12431 Gabon 12431 Kazakhstan 12431 Maldives 12431 Nepal 12430 Dominican

Republic129

30 Sierra Leone 12930 Togo 129

29 Bolivia 13229 Honduras 13229 Kyrgyzstan 13229 Laos 13229 Myanmar 13229 Paraguay 13228 Guinea 13828 Iran 13828 Lebanon 13828 Mexico 13828 Papua

New Guinea138

28 Russia 13827 Comoros 14427 Guatemala 14427 Kenya 14427 Mauritania 14427 Nigeria 14426 Bangladesh 14926 Central African

Republic149

26 Uganda 14925 Azerbaijan 15225 Cameroon 15225 Madagascar 15225 Nicaragua 15225 Tajikistan 15224 Eritrea 157

23 Mozambique 15823 Uzbekistan 15822 Zimbabwe 16020 Cambodia 16120 Democratic

Republic of the Congo

161

20 Haiti 16120 Turkmenistan 16119 Angola 16519 Chad 16519 Congo 16518 Iraq 16818 Venezuela 16817 Burundi 17017 Libya 17016 Afghanistan 17216 Equatorial Guinea 17216 Guinea Bissau 17216 Sudan 17214 Korea, North 17614 Yemen 17613 South Sudan 17813 Syria 17810 Somalia 180

CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2018

4

66/100

50/100 43/100

32/100AVERAGE REGIONAL SCORE AVERAGE REGIONAL SCORE

SINCE 2017 SINCE 2017

HIGHEST SCORING REGION LOWEST SCORING REGION

2/3 OF COUNTRIES SCORE BELOW

WESTERN EUROPE & EUROPEAN UNION

SUB-SAHARANAFRICA

THE AVERAGE COUNTRY SCORE IS

88/100

87/100

10/100

14/100

13/100

85/100

85/100

85/100

85/100

13/100

14/100

DENMARK

SINGAPORE

NEW ZEALAND

SOMALIA

SWEDEN

YEMEN

SOUTH SUDAN

FINLAND

SYRIA

SWITZERLAND

NORTH KOREA

0

01

04

02

05

03

06

0

GLOBAL AVERAGE

100

100

TOP COUNTRIES

BOTTOM COUNTRIES

176

179

177

180

178

06

GLOBAL ANALYSIS

5

WESTERN EUROPE & EU

Average score

Top: Denmark (88/100)Bottom: Bulgaria (42/100)

MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICAAverage score

Top: United Arab Emirates (70/100)Bottom: Syria (13/100)

SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAAverage score

Top: Seychelles (66/100)Bottom: Somalia (10/100)

EASTERN EUROPE & CENTRAL ASIA

Average score

Top: Georgia (58/100)Bottom: Turkmenistan (20/100)

ASIA PACIFICAverage score

Top: New Zealand (87/100)Bottom: North Korea (14/100)

AMERICASAverage score

Top: Canada (81/100)Bottom: Venezuela (18/100)

44

39

66

35

44

32

20

16THE REMAINING COUNTRIES MADE LITTLE OR NO PROGRESS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION IN RECENT YEARS

COUNTRIESIMPROVED*

COUNTRIESDECREASED*

WITHIN THE LAST 7 YEARS:

RESULTS BY REGION

Including:

Including:

Since 2015

Since 2012

8

Since 2013

Since 2013

8

Since 2012

Since 2015

9

ARGENTINA

HUNGARY

CTE DIVOIRE

MEXICO

GUYANA

MALTA

6 7 9

*In these six examples, we report the year between 2012 and 2018 from which the score change is statistically significant

CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2018

6

CORRUPTION AND THE CRISIS OF DEMOCRACY

Every dot in this graphic represents a countrys CPI score. The numbers in the circles represent the average CPI score for that political system.

TURKEY HUNGARY

-29 -16-8 -9CHANGE IN DEMOCRACY RATING 2012-2018

CHANGE IN DEMOCRACY RATING 2012-2018

CHANGE IN CPI SCORE 2012-2018

CHANGE IN CPI SCORE 2012-2018

Delia Ferreira Rubio, chair of Transparency International

* From Freedom HouseThe following countries have experienced a decline in both the health of their democracies* and control of corruption:

Beating corruption is crucial to healthy democracy. There are no full democracies that score below 50 on the CPI. Similarly, very few countries that have autocratic characteristics score higher than 50.

0FULL DEMOCRACY

CPI 2

018

DEMOCRACY INDEX 2018 (ECONOMIST INTELLIGENCE UNIT)

CORRUPTION UNDERMINES DEMOCRACY