Cooking with Culinary Herbs - web. Seasoning Classifications •...

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  • Growing&CookingwithCulinaryHerbsMekenzieLewis,MPH,RD,Nutrition&WellnessEducatorChrisEnroth,HorticultureEducator

  • SeasoningClassifications Spices roots,bark,buds,berriesorfruitsofaromaticplantsusuallygrowninthetropics

    Herbs leavesofplantsgrowninthetemperatezone

    Seeds fromeithertropicalspiceplantsorherbplants

  • HarvestingandBuyingFreshHerbs

    Pickinthemorningafterthedewhasdriedbutbeforethesungetstoohot

    Pickorbuyherbsclosetothetimeyouplantousethem

    Pickorbuyherbsinsmallbundles

  • WashingFreshHerbs1. Waittowashherbsjustbeforeyouarereadytouse

    them2. Gentlywashunderrunningwater3. Shakeoffmoisture4. Patdrywithcleanpapertowels

  • CookingwithHerbs Startwithsmallamountsofherbs

    tsp driedherbsper1poundmeattsp driedper1pintofsauceorper4servings

    Experimentwithbothfreshanddriedherbstsp powdered=to1tsp crumbled=3tsp fresh

    ThereisnostrictlimitstotheuseofherbsIfmixingherbs,use1strongand1ormoremild

  • CookingwithHerbs Cutleavesoffreshherbsveryfinebeforeaddingtofood

    Freshherbs:chopwithaChefsknife,usekitchenscissorsDryherbs:rubbetweenfingersorpalmstoreleaseflavor

    StripleavesofffreshherbsforcookingSturdystems:runfingersdownthestemfromtopto

    bottomTenderstems:OKtousesomeofthestem

    http://youtu.be/EuRhkopm06A

  • CookingwithHerbs Addfreshherbstowardstheendofcooking

    Delicateherbs:add12minutesbeforetheendofcooking

    Lessdelicateherbs:addatthelast20minutesofcooking

    Forchilledfoods,addherbsseveralhoursahead

  • AreHerbsNutritious? Addsflavorandaroma

    Verylittleifanynutritionalvalue

    Mayuseherbstocutdownsaltandsugar

  • UsingHerbstoReduceSugar Allspice Anise Cardamom Cinnamon Cloves Ginger Mace Nutmeg

  • UsingHerbstoReduceSalt Blackpepper Garlicpowder Currypowder Cumin Dill Basil Ginger Coriander Onion

    Usefresh orpowderedgarlicandonionratherthantheirsalt form

    Checklabelsofstoreboughtspicestoseeifsaltorsodiumarelisted

  • StoringFreshHerbs1. Snipofftheendsofthestemsonthediagonal2. Placeherbsinatallglasswith~ 1inchwater3. Coverlooselywithaplasticbagorplasticwrap4. Placeinrefrigeratorandreplacewaterwhenit

    getscloudyOr

    Wrapinadamppapertowel,placeinanopenedplasticbagandplaceintherefrigerator

  • FreezingFreshHerbsTofreezewholeherbs:1. Wash,shakeoff,patdrywithcleanpapertowel2. Wrapafewsprigsorleavesinfreezerwrapandplaceina

    freezerbag3. Sealandfreeze

    Tofreezechoppedherbs:1. Chopandspoonintoicecubetrays2. Addwaterandfreeze3. Whenfrozen,wrapcubesindividuallyinplasticorputin

    freezersafecontainerUsefrozenherbswithin46monthsforbestquality

  • DryingFreshHerbsWashherbs,shakeandpatdry.Exposetowarm,dry,well

    ventilatedair.SundryingisNOTrecommended

    AirdryingSturdyherbs Tieinsmallbundlesandhangthemto

    airdryTenderherbs Tieinsmallbundlesandsuspendina

    paperbag,closingthetopwitharubberband.Cutsmallholesinbag.

    MicrowavedryingFollowmanufacturesdirections

  • DryingFreshHerbs Dehydratordrying

    Preheatdehydratorto95115FPlaceinsinglelayerontraysDryingtimesmayvaryfrom1to4hours

    OvendryingLayleavesonpapertowel,withoutallowingleavesto

    touchCoverwithanothertowel.5layersmaybedriedata

    time.Dryinaverycooloven.Theovenlightfurnishes

    enoughheatforovernightdrying.

  • DryingFreshHerbs Leavesaredrywhencrispyandcrumbleeasilybetweenfingers

    Mayleavewholeandcrumbleasusedorcoarselycrumblebeforestorage

    Placeherbsinairtightcontainersandstoreinacool,dry,darkareas

    Forbestflavor,usewithin1year

    Formoredryingorfreezinginformation,visittheNationCenterforHomeFoodPreservationwebsite:http://nchfp.uga.edu/publications/publications_usda.html

  • Top10HerbsaccordingtotheHerbSocietyofAmerica

    SweetBasil(Ocimum basilicum) CommonThyme(Thymusvulgaris) Bay(Laurus nobilis) CommonSage(Salviaofficinalis) GreekOregano(Origanum vulgare) Chives(Alliumsschoenoprasum) Dill(Anethum graveolens) Parsley(Petroselinum crispum) Rosemary(Rosmarinus officinalis) Lavender(Lavandula spp.)

  • GROWINGHERBSWITHHYDROPONICSFORTHEHOMEGARDENER

  • Whatishydroponics Isthegrowingofplantsinaliquidnutrientsolutionwithorwithouttheuseofartificialmedia.

  • Wait!Whatisthedifferencebetweenhydroponics&aquaponics?

    Aquaponics isaversionofhydroponics Combinestwosystemsaquaculturegrowingofaquaticplantsandanimalsandhydroponics

  • HistoryofHydroponics HangingGardensofBabylon Aztecfloatinggardens HydroponicswereusedinWWIIinwesternPacific Plasticschangedtheworld

  • Trendsinfoodmarketsincreasingdemandforhydroponics

    Demandisincreasingformorelocallygrownfood Increasingdemandforfreshhealthyvegetables Aneedtoincreaseeconomicandenvironmentalefficiency

  • AGlobalFoodCrisis Rapidlyincreasingpopulation Diversionoffoodstofuel Water,fertilizerandfuelresourcesarerisingincost Demandonlandforproduction

    Urbansprawl,industrialmining,energygeneration,wildlifeconservation,watershedprotection,etc.

  • DevelopmentofHydroponics

    Efficientuseofwaterandnutrients Easeofenvironmentalcontrols

    canbedoneinArizonaorAlaska Reductionofpesticidesandherbicides

    Lessdemandonlandresources

  • SYSTEMSFORTHEHOMEGARDENER

  • NutrientFilmTechnique

  • NutrientFilmTechnique

  • Aeroponics

  • AerationTechnique

  • Raft(Floating)System

  • AggregateSystems Usesinertgrowingmediatosupportandsurroundplantroots Mostcommonmaterials

    Rockwool,claypebbles,gravel,perlite,vermiculite,sand,orfoamchips

  • AggregateSystems

  • AeroGarden

    Commercialproductforhomeowners

    Automatedlight,water&nutrientreminders

    Builtingrowlights Everythingisprepackaged Growsaladgreens,herbs,flowers,peppers

    Tomatoesdonotgrowwellwiththissystem

  • WHATTOCONSIDERWHENUSINGHYDROPONICS

  • ManagingYourSystem Sterilization Nutrientsolution ManageyourpH Providedissolvedoxygen Monitortemperature LightingConditions

  • Troubleshooting Nutrientdeficiencysymptoms(seehandout) Whentoreplacenutrientsolution?

    710daysintensivecrops 2+monthslowusecrops(lettuceorherbs)

    Wastedisposal

  • WHATCANYOUGROW?

  • Lettuce Goodcropforbeginners 3085daystoharvest

  • Basil

    Easytogrow;willlastmanymonths Neverremovemorethantheshootduringharvest

    Basilneeds12to14hoursofartificiallight

    Twobasilplantswillyield7harvestsin2.5monthsequalinga$28value

  • Rosemary

    Respondswelltohydroponicsthough

    Slowgrowingandlowyields Neverremovemorethantheplantduringharvest

    Growthslowswhendaylengthdipsbelow11hrs.

    Transplanttoharvest Summer6weeks Winter812weeks

    Watchoutforpowderymildew

  • Spear&Peppermint

    Easytogrow Rootcuttingsinmildrootinghormone

    Transplanttoharvest Summer4weeks Winter67weeks

    No.ofharvests Unlimited Bestinfullsun;cantoleratepartshade

  • Sage Growswellinhydroponicsystems Transplanttoharvest

    Summer45weeks Winter57weeks

    Fullsun;growthslowsbelow11hourdaylengths

  • Others Watercress Chives Oregano Marjoram Arugula Dill LemonBalm Thyme

  • THEENDThankyou

    Sources:HomeHydroponics.RetrievedfromVirginiaCooperativeExtensiononlinewebsite:http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/426/426084/426084.html

    IntegratedSystemsofAgricultureandAquaculture [PDFdocument].RetrievedfromUniversityofArizonaExtensiononlinewebsite:http://ag.arizona.edu/azaqua/extension/Classroom/Aquaponics.htm

    UsingHydroponics [PDFdocument].RetrievedfromColoradoStateCooperativeExtensiononlinewebsite:http://www.coopext.colostate.edu/adams/gh/pdf/Intro_Hydroponics.pdf

    MekenzieLewisemail:meklew@illinois.eduChrisEnrothemail:cenroth@illinois.edu

  • UpcomingEventsEmeraldAshBorerManagement,Galesburg FREE!April15,startingat10amToregistercalltheKnoxCountyExtensionofficeat(309)3425108