Confucian Philosophy and Portraits
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Traces of ConfuciusTraces of ConfuciusHistorical Exhibit Executive Organizer Hsu Terry Wang, DTMPresident, New World Bilingual InstituteChinese Program Developer, FCPS-ACE / WIS
Hsu Terry Wang, DTMPresident, New World Bilingual Institutewww.nwbi.us; firstname.lastname@example.org
, ConfuciusConfucius (traditionally 551 BC 479 BC) was a Chinese philosopher and founder of Confucianism.
Confucius (Kong Zi )Chinas most famous ancient philosopher and educator, was the founder of Confucianism. Born in 551 B.C., Confucius studied to become proficient in the Six Classical Arts: ritual, music, archery, charioteering, calligraphy, and arithmetic. At age 22, Kong Zi founded a private school, moving away from the traditional style of Chinese education. He proposed good conduct and benevolence (ren), and observance of rites (li) as the foundation of harmonious relationships at every level of society
Confucius is considered to be one of the greatest philosophers of China and has had an enormous impact on not just Chinese culture and civilization but also the cultures and civilizations of other East and South East Asian countries. Confucius lived more than twenty five hundred years ago and more than half a million people in China and abroad can trace their descent to Confucius.
Famous Confucian scripturesConfucian scriptures titled :The Odes, The Book of History, The Book of Rites, The Book of Music, The Book of Changes, and The Spring and Autumn Annals, handed down from generation to generation. His work not only built the foundation of Confucianism, but also contributed tremendously to the development of Chinese culture.
Historical Portraits of Confucius
Most of these historical portraits have been stored in Shandongs museums and have not been displayed in their original forms. Not all the portraits were flattering. According to historical records, Confucius was described as having an unusual face.
Printed in Xin Hua News
Confucian Philosophy and PortraitsThe accomplished scholar is not a utensil.
If a man in the morning hears the right way, he may die in the evening without regret.
Learning without thought is labor lost ;thought without learning is perilous.
A MODERN INTERPRETATION OF CONFUCIAN CORE VALUESBE A GOOD HUMAN BEINGBE BENEVOLENT AND KIND TO OTHERSBE RIGHTEOUS AND LOYALBE COURTEOUS WITH GOOD MANNERSBE FORGIVINGHONOR YOUR PARENTS (BE FILIAL) AND RESPECT YOUR ELDERSFOCUS ON EDUCATION AND LIFE-LONG LEARNINGDO WHAT IS RIGHT INSTEAD OF WHAT IS ADVANTAGEOUSPRACTICE RECIPROCITY DONT DO TO OTHERS WHAT YOU WOULD NOT WANT DONE TO YOU
INTERPRETATION OF CONFUCIANCORE VALUES LEAD BY MORAL AND ETHICAL EXAMPLEMANAGE BY VIRTUE AND GOOD MANNERS PRACTICE SELF-CONTROL AND TEMPERANCETAKE WARNING OF TEMPTATION OF PROFIT AND POWER, AND OBTAIN THEM IN A RIGHTEOUS WAYKNOW THAT MORALITY IS THE LIMITATION OF SELF-INTERESTUNDERSTAND THAT IF YOU DESIRE TO ESTABLISH YOURSELF, YOU MUST ALSO ESTABLISH OTHERS
Today there are more than 2,000 Confucius temples in other parts of China and around the world. Cultures and countries strongly influenced by Confucianism include China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, and Vietnam, as well as various territories settled predominantly by Chinese people.
Confucius and His DisciplesThe sage Confucius had over 3000 disciples, while among them there were only seventy-two worthy of Confucius acknowledgement.Confucius was quoted as saying: The disciples who received my instructions, and could themselves comprehend them, were seventy-seven individuals. They were all scholars of extraordinary ability.
Confucius and His Disciples
This section displays three sets of Traces of Confucius by Ming Dynasty artists. The originals are priceless. The actual prints will never be shown at museums due to preservation challenges. All the paintings were photographed by Mr. Hou Xinjian. It was an extremely demanding task because all the paintings were shot under natural light conditions.
Historical Relics of Confucius
The Confucius Mansion is full of valuable relics and art work collected through the dynasties by descendents of Confucius. The picture at the upper left shows a seal of Confucius family that was modeled after the Ming emperors own seal; quite an honor bestowed upon Confucius.
Portraits of Confucius Descendents
The family tree of Confucius, the revered Chinese thinker and educator, will number 1.5 million when the current update is completed. More than 1 million descendants of Confucius will be added to the family tree in this update.
Qufu is the legendary birthplace of Confucius; it served as the capital of the State of Lu during the Spring and Autumn Period
Confucius ResidenceConfucius ancestral home is also called the Mansion of Duke Yansheng, an imperial title bestowed on the descendants of Confucius in the Song Dynasty.
The mansion was the residence of the sages eldest son, grandson and descendants through to conferment of the title of Duke Yansheng. There are 463 buildings in this manor.
The mansion houses a precious hoard of historical documents and cultural relics, as well as garments and utensils from bygone dynasties.
Confucius Burial Ground
Confucius Burial Ground
The cemetery contains Confucius' tomb and the remains of more than 100,000 of his descendants. The Confucius Forest dates back 2,500 years. There are more than 100,000 tombs and steles sheltered by towering trees and high walls in this two sq km area. Qufu is home to 110,000 descendants of Confucius, and there are four million more living in other parts of China and around the world.
QuFu Confucius Temple
The Temple of Confucius is located on Guozijian Street, inside Anding Gate. Sacrifices were made to Confucius, the greatest ideologist and educationist in ancient China, during the Yuan (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) Dynasties at this temple. Now, the temple houses the Capital Museum. This is the second largest Confucius temple, next only to the one in Qufu, Shandong Province. Attraction Intro: Confucius Temple
QuFu Confucius TempleConfucius Temple, the former residence of Confucius, was built according to the specification for imperial palaces. Continuous expansion and reconstruction throughout the dynasties has transformed the temple into a huge complex of nine courtyards, spanning one km from north to south, and covering 95,000 sq m. Within the temple are hundreds of halls and chambers and more than 50 gates and archways.
Tour to QuFu
Tour to QuFu
Nanjing Confucius Temple (Fuzimiao)The Confucius Temple in Nanjing was originally constructed in the year of 1034 in the Song Dynasty. It was a place to worship and consecrate Confucius, the great philosopher and educator of ancient China. It is also known as Fuzimiao in Chinese. This temple suffered repeated damage and has been rebuilt on several occasions since that time. 1937 was the most destruction when it was burnt to ruin by Japanese aggressors. In 1984 the temple was rebuilt under the support of the local government. During the long process, the original building expanded to be a complex building in the architectural style of the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, including the Confucius Temple itself, the Jiangnan Gongyuan (the place of imperial examinations) and the Xue Gong (the Imperial Academy). The complex is still called the Confucius Temple out of habit by locals and visitors.
The Confucius Temple (Fuzi Miao) is situated by the Gongyuan Street, the northern bank of the Qinhuai River, Nanjing City. It's the place where people worship the great ancient Chinese ideologist and educator, Confucius (Kong Zi). Since the ancient times, Kong Zi has been called Kong Fuzi. Hence the temple name. Attraction Intro: Confucius Temple
Nanjing Confucius Temple (Fuzimiao)
Celebration of Modern Confucianism
Celebration of Modern ConfucianismThere are today more than 2,000 Confucius temples in other parts of China and around the world. Cultures and countries strongly influenced by Confucianism include China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Vietnam, as well as various territories settled predominantly by Chinese people. The birthday of Confucius, September 28, is celebrated by the sages admirers, including this group of western tourists in Qufu in 2006
Confucian Philosophy and Modern Practice
Ceremony at Confucius Temple
Confucian Philosophy and Modern Culture
Eight Famous Cuisines Confucian Philosophy and Modern Application Confucius Residence Banquet
Confucian Philosophy and Modern Application
Acknowledgements:This exhibit would not be possible without the hard work of Photographer: Mr. Hou Xinjin, (Shandong Pictorial Magazine)
Exhibit Director: Prof. Michael Ma (University of Maryland)
Executive Organizer: Mrs. Terry Wang (President, New World Bilingual Institute)(International Education/Culture Consultant, GMU)
(If an organization is interested in borrowing this exhibit for cultural or educational events, please contact
Mrs. Terry Wang E-mail: email@example.com