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    Wong Tai Sin District Council 75 / 2013 issue (10.9.2013)

    Proposal for the Establishment of the Confucius Temple by

    The Confucian Academy

    Da Cheng Hall of The Confucius Temple, Front View

    The Confucian Academy 29 August 2013

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    Content

    1. Objectives .... P.3

    2. An Introduction to Confucianism ... P.3

    3. Confucius, the Confucius Temple and the Confucian Academy .. P.4

    4. Ideology of the Confucius Temple ... P.5

    5. Social Values in the Construction of the Confucius Temple .. P.7 P.9

    6. Religious Significance of the Confucius Temple... P.9 P.12

    7. Cultural Significance of the Confucius Temple..P.12- P.18

    8. Site Selection P.18

    9. Gross Floor Area (GFA) of the Confucius Temple .P.18

    10. Facilities . P.18 P.20

    11. Construction, Management and Operation .. P.20 P.21

    12. Design Considerations . P.21 P.24

    13. District Consultation Forums .... P.24

    14. Alignment with Land Use Development .. . P.24

    15. The Budget P.24

    Wong Tai Sin District and the Confucius Temple ..... P.25

    Document Submission.. P.26

    Appendix 1. Volume Drawing (I) of the Confucius Temple ...P.27

    Appendix 2. Volume Drawing (II) of the Confucius Temple ..P.28

    Appendix 3. Design Drawings of the Confucius Temple P.29 P.36

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    Proposal for the Establishment of the Confucius Temple

    by the Confucian Academy 1. Objectives

    This document serves as a proposal for the construction of a Confucius Temple in Hong

    Kong by the Confucian Academy, an overview of the design and architecture of the

    aforementioned Temple, as well as a way of soliciting the advice and support from the Wong Tai

    Sin District Council and its District Councillors.

    2. An Introduction to Confucianism

    Confucianism is one of the thirteen religions recognised by the United Nations, and one of

    the six major religions recognised in Hong Kong. Confucianism (the religion of Confucian scholars)

    was founded by Confucius. Its fundamentals revolve around the concepts of "Ren (benevolence),

    Yi (righteousness), Li (propriety, or the practice of rites), Zhi (wisdom) and Xin

    (trustworthiness). Confucius propounded his interpretations of the ancient Five Classics, which

    together with The Analects became the most important texts for Confucianism. Confucianism is

    based on religious principles as well as humanitarian principles; it places great value on taking an

    active part in human society.

    Confucius was the principal teacher and sage of Confucianism, as well as one of the

    greatest thinkers, politicians and educators the world has ever seen. Confucianism and the

    philosophies of Confucian scholarship date back 2563 years; it is an embodiment of the most

    essential Chinese traditions; it is a culture which serves as a continuation of almost 3000 years of

    heritage, and a source of inspiration of the 2500 years that followed. Not only is it a central pillar

    of Chinese culture, it also lies at the heart of Chinas soft power.

    The value of Confucianism and its scholars philosophy has been acknowledged by the

    United Nations for its contribution towards long-term social stability and the welfare and

    happiness of people, and proven in many societies including those in Japan, Korea, Singapore,

    Indonesia, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. In fact, the Asian Model of governance is largely

    based on Confucianisms central principles - loyalty, filial piety, benevolence, kindness,

    trustworthiness, righteousness and peace in combination with the principles of freedom,

    democracy, the rule of law and human rights, the discussions of which were also found within

    Confucian philosophy. The four East Asian Dragons were born out of this fortuitous blend.

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    (The bronze statue of Confucius in Qufu city, Shandong province [total height: 16.928 meters] )

    3. Confucius, the Confucius Temple and the Confucian Academy

    (Confucius, 551 479 BC)

    Confucius is one of the worlds greatest philosophers, a teacher and role model of all ages.

    His teaching has profoundly influenced Chinese culture in a remarkable range of areas, from

    traditions, customs, politics, social hierarchy, the arts, academic studies, through to religious

    beliefs. Confucian ideas and codes of conduct have had a lasting impact on interpersonal

    relationships, personal values and ways of conducting oneself in society. Back in 478 AD (under

    the rule of Duke Ai of the state of Lu), people had already begun building temples of Confucius in

    the great sages hometown of Qufu in Shandong province. Since then, thousands of Confucius

    Temples also known as Wen Temples, or Temples of civil studies, culture and literature have been

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    constructed both in China and across the rest of the world, where followers worship the great

    sage and pay tribute to his enormous contributions to humanism and society.

    A predominantly Chinese society, Hong Kong is a convergence point of East and West where the best of both cultures meet, yet there is not currently a well-established Confucius Temple in the city where people can experience and benefit from Confucius philosophies and culture. After spending many years in applying for planning and development permission from the government, the Confucius Academy has successfully gained the support of the Home Affairs Bureau for the construction of a Confucius Temple for the purpose of religious and cultural development in Hong Kong. Upon further investigation, the Confucian Academy learned that the Wong Tai Sin District Council has expressed concerns about the availability of religious, cultural and artistic facilities in the area. In response, the Academy is submitting an application for the construction of a Confucius Temple at the Diamond Hill Comprehensive Development Area . We are currently in the process of consulting with Wong Tai Sin District Council, and we hope the proposal will be supported by the Council and its Councillors.

    Founded in Hong Kong by Dr. Chen Huanzhang in 1930, The Confucian Academy has

    dedicated itself to the promotion and development of Confucius teachings for nearly a century.

    Devoted to the nurturing of talents and the advancement of education whilst fostering the values

    of integrity and righteousness in society, we follow the Confucian principles of establishing

    ourselves by helping others become established, and nurturing future generations with long-term

    vision. We consider it our goal and responsibility to contribute to the renaissance of Chinese

    culture, to join hands with the wider community in a bid to achieve universal harmony, via a

    harmonious Hong Kong society, prosperity and stability in China, as well as world peace at large.

    4. Ideology of The Confucius Temple The Confucius Temple will serve as a

    flagship religious institution and cultural

    venue in Hong Kong, playing a vital role in

    the promotion and development of

    Confucius teachings and philosophies, as

    well as the wealth of culture and art within

    Confucianism. In addition to its role as a

    venue of religious worship, the temple will

    offer a range of world-class art and

    cultural facilities for a wide variety of

    events and activities. The Confucius Temple will serve as a platform to encourage greater social

    cohesion across different sectors and organisations within the society, through the promotion of

    the Eight Virtues (Filial Piety, Brotherhood, Loyalty, Trustworthiness, Propriety, Righteousness,

    Honesty and Honour). Great emphasis will be placed on the education of the younger generation,

    and the provision of guidance and support to help young people develop positive attitudes

    towards interpersonal relationships, personal values and ways of conducting oneself in society, so

    that in a long run, individuals, families and communities will feel a greater sense of care towards

    their society and country.

    1. Confucius Temple in Qufu, Shandong province

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    2. Confucius Temple in Beijing 3.Confucius Temple in Deyang, Sichuan 4. Confucius Temple in Quzhou, Zhejiang

    13. Confucius Temple in Sanshui, Guangdong 5. Wen Temple (another name for a Confucius temple) in Zizhong, Sichuan

    12. Confucius Temple in Fenzhou, Shanxi 6. Wen Temple (another name for a Confucius temple) in Harbin

    11. School of Confucius in Guiyang, Guizhou 7. Confucius Temple in Deqing, Zhaoqing, Guangdong

    10.Confucius Temple in Tainan 9. Confucius Temple in Yunnan 8.Wen Temple (another name for a Confucius temple)

    in Zhengding, Hebei

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    5. Social Values in the Construction of the Confucius Temple

    5.1 Development and Promotion of the philosophies by Confucian scholars, as well as the advancement of culture

    (HKSAR Chief Executi