Composing With Color
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Composing with Color
Composing With Color
Dana Schutz, Bad InstinctsColor schemes: specific arrangements of colors, based on their placement on the color wheel
Triadic, monochromatic, etc are color schemes.
Color schemes depend on a LIMITED PALETTEnot all colors will be used-- to ensure harmony
Sol LewittOPEN PALETTE: is when any colors from the color wheel are usedthere is no limitOpen-palette compositions will be more pleasing if saturation and value are taken into consideration.
AKA, Color KeysNone of these colors are at full-saturation. Each is a shade of a hue.
These are all: DARK-KEYED colors. Desaturated colors on the low (dark) end of the value scale.Deeper, heavier Colors
HIGH-KEYED Colors: Colors at their full-saturationLow-Keyed Colors: Tints, desaturated colors mixed with white Brighter, more intense colorsLighter, subtler quieter colorsSpatial effects of colorsBrighter, more saturated (high keyed) colors will seem to pull closer to the viewer than duller colors.Colors that are lighter at pure saturation seem (yellows) will seem to take up more space than darker saturated colors (blues)Full saturation colors will seem closer than dark keyed colors (shades)
Larger areas of brighter colors appear closerSmaller shapes appear farther
How is he creating an illusion of deep space?
Repeating colors in this Mark Grotjahn image define the distance between the yellow marks. Luminosity: The appearance of Light in an image
Lighter colors placed within darker colors will create an illusion of luminosity, as will warm colors contrasted with cool colors. Tobey Archer
LIGHTHEAVYAchromatic ColorsLight ValueColorsMedium Cool ColorsLow SaturationLight ColorsInherently Light HuesHigh SaturationColorsDark ValueColorsHigh SaturationWarm ColorsHigh SaturationDark ColorsInherentlyDark HuesColor weight: colors tendency to seem to rise or fall in a composition (depending on its relationships)Traditional Color Contrasts, thought to balance a composition
Light/DarkContrastCool/WarmContrastHue ContrastComplementaryContrastLight/Dark Contrast
JWM Turner, Storm at Sea
Graham NicksonWarm/Cool ContrastHue Contrast
Stuart DavisComplementary Contrast
PRINCIPLE OF FAMILIARITY
Mary Heilmann, Hermosa BeachFamiliarity is pleasing and readily accepted. Color schemes based on nature will seem pleasing to most people, because we are used to them.
Light and dark variations of the same color will harmonize.
Nature as inspiration and color swatches from the photo. Principle of Resemblance
Salvador DaliColors harmonize better when the differences between them are less. Principle of NoveltyWhile we crave harmony and balance, too much becomes boring. A new or unexpected color will draw attention to itself and enliven the piece.
Mostly analogous blues and greens, the orange creates a pop.Principle of OrderHaving an orderly plan to determine color choices, like a specific color scheme
Triadic, secondary color schemeAvoidance of Ambiguity
Dont use colors that seem incongruous with the rest of your schemea gray amongst vivid colors may draw attention away from the rest of the composition and ruin the flow.
An off-hue color may be distracting because the viewer wont know if it is intentional. There are three reds in this photo, and they dont quite work together. Are they meant to match? Compositional Tools to create harmonyHarmony: compositional oneness, cohesion the following create harmony:Repetition: The use of the same visual element (in this case, colors) to create unityContinuity: degree of flow between parts of a compositionFocal points: Parts of the composition that command the viewers attention and allow them to look closer
Ben Vautier, StoreRepetition
Dana SchutzAs these colors blend into one another (white to yellow, blue to grey to yellow) they create continuity, allowing the viewers eye to travel from one section and one element to anotherContinuity
Kaye DonachieEmphasis will depend on a contrast of value, color, or saturation, causing one color-area to stand out.
Focal Point: Contrast of complements
Van GoghFocal Point
Juan Miro, Portrait of a ManFocal Points
Victor MoscosWhat is going on in this image? Repetition? Unity? Focal points? Continuity?BalanceThe equal distribution of weight or force among elements of a compositionSymmetry: mirror imaging across an axisAsymmetrical balance: uneven yet balanced components to a composition (think of balance like a scaleit neednt be identical to be balancedone ten lb. brick weights the same as ten one lb. bricks)
George Harriman ,Krazy Kat ComicHow is the palette limited (what is the color scheme)?
How does the artist use color to lead our eye through the composition?
What does he do to create balance?
Wassily KandinskyHow is this painting balanced through color?
Peter Doig, Pink SnowMost of the painting is depicted in warm brown/orange hues. The white scumbled over the top further unifies this piece. The dark ice creates contrast to the white falling snow, and the bright light reflected in the ice creates further contrast and interest. Achromatic Color scheme: no color, all neutrals (black, brown, grey)
Samuel Morse, Gallery of the Lourve
Mary Heilmann, ShockingAnalogous, green, blue-green, blue
Faul Cezanne, Still life with applesComplementary Color scheme
Jacob Lawrence, The FamilyTriadic
Bruno PaulThis book jacket is not based on any color scheme. However, it works. The green and red are similar values, as are the pink and yellow. The black stands out in contrast.