Complete the following reactions: Lithium Sulfate dissolves in water Potassium metal combines with...

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Transcript of Complete the following reactions: Lithium Sulfate dissolves in water Potassium metal combines with...

  • Slide 1
  • Complete the following reactions: Lithium Sulfate dissolves in water Potassium metal combines with bromine Benzene (C 6 H 6 ) combusts in oxygen Copper(II)sulfate reacts with sodium hydroxide Sodium metal reacts with silver(I) nitrate
  • Slide 2
  • Moles 1.Stoichiometry - measuring matter Water contamination Radon Levels Hormone levels in milk Impurities in computer chips Stoichiometry
  • Slide 3
  • Moles H vs He He vs C C vs Mg Atomic Mass
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  • Moles Mole- Standard Number of atoms or molecules used by chemists 1 mole = 6.022 X 10 23 atoms/molecule (measured by Jules Perrin, 1908 Nobel Prize 1926) Amadeo Avagadros Number 17761856
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  • Moles
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  • Slide 7
  • Stoichiometry GramsMolesAtoms 1 g H1 mole H6.02 X 10 23 atms 2 g H 12 g C 3 mol C 36.12 X10 23 atm He
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  • GramsMolesAtoms 14 g N 42 g N 48 g C 2 mol Na 3 mol Be 36.12 X10 23 atm O 30.10 X10 23 atm Ca 12.04 X10 23 atm Si
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  • Moles Stoichiometry Rounding 1 decimal place Iron 55.845 g/mole 55.8 g/mol Sulfur 32.066 g/mole 32.1 g/mol Oxygen 15.9994 g/mole 16.0 g/mol
  • Slide 10
  • Moles Grams Moles Atoms 1.How many Na atoms are present in 11.5 g of Na? (Ans: 3.01 X 10 23 atoms) 2.How many C atoms are present in 18.0 g? (Ans: 9.03 X 10 23 C) GMA
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  • Moles 3.What is the mass of 1.20 X 10 24 atoms of Na? (Ans: 45.8 grams) 4.What is the mass of 1.51 X 10 23 atoms of Be?(Ans: 2.26 g) 5.Start with 0.854 mole V 6.Start with 0.0570 mole Rn GMA
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  • Moles How many grams and atoms are in 0.333 moles of Sulfur?
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  • Moles 1.Molar Mass = mass of one mole 2.Units grams/mole or amu (atomic mass units) 3.What is the molar mass of: 1.C 2.O 2 3.BaCl 2 Molar Mass
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  • Moles Molar Mass 4.What is the molar mass of Cu(NO 3 ) 2 ? (187.5 g/mol) 5.What is the molar mass of Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 ? (342.3 g/mol)
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  • Warm-Up Find everything else if given: a)0.589 g Ne b)4.567 X 10 24 atoms of K c)0.00845 mol of Ba Calculate the molar mass of: a)KrF 4 b)Al(NO 3 ) 3 c)Calcium hydroxide
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  • Warm-Up Find everything else if given: a)0.589 g Ne (0.0292 mol, 1.76 X10 22 atoms) b)4.567 X 10 24 atoms of K (7.58 mol, 297 g) c)0.00845 mol of Ba (1.16 g, 5.09 X10 21 atoms) Calculate the molar mass of: a)KrF 4 (159.8 g/mol) b)Al(NO 3 ) 3 (213.0 g/mol) c)Calcium hydroxide (74.1 g/mol)
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  • Warm-Up Find everything else if given: a)4.567 X 10 24 atoms of K b)0.00845 mol of Ba Calculate the molar mass of: a)Al(NO 3 ) 3 b)Calcium hydroxide
  • Slide 18
  • Warm-Up Find everything else if given: a)4.567 X 10 24 atoms of K (7.58 mol, 297 g) b)0.00845 mol of Ba (1.16 g, 5.09 X10 21 atoms) Calculate the molar mass of: a)Al(NO 3 ) 3 (213.0 g/mol) b)Calcium hydroxide (74.1 g/mol)
  • Slide 19
  • Moles 1.Monoatomic Elements (C, Fe, Au) GMA 2.Molecules and Ionics (H 2 O, CaCl 2, O 2 ) GMMA 3. You may see Formula Units instead of Molecules for Ionic compounds GMMA
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  • Moles
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  • Grams Moles Molecules Atoms 1 mole of Na 2 mole of Na 1 mole of H 2 O 1 mole of CH 4 3 mole of CH 4 GMMA
  • Slide 22
  • 1.How many calcium and chlorine atoms are in 200.0 grams of Calcium Chloride? 2.How many hydrogen and oxygen atoms are in 3.60 grams of H 2 O? (Ans: 1.20 X 10 23 atoms O, 2.40 X 10 23 atoms H)
  • Slide 23
  • Moles 3.Given 0.345 mol of Al 2 (CO 3 ) 3, find everything else. 4.Given 3.01X10 24 molecules of SO 3, find everything else. 5.Given 9.42 X10 22 molecules of C 2 H 4, find everything else. GMMA
  • Slide 24
  • Moles 6. What is the mass of 3.01 X 10 22 molecules of Iron(III)Bromide? (Ans: 14.8 g) GMMA
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  • 1.Given 0.810 g of Mg, find moles and atoms. (0.0333 mol, 2.01X10 22 atoms) 2.Given 3.47 X 10 22 atoms of fluorine, find grams and moles. (1.10 g. 0.0576 mol) 3.How many carbon atoms are in 36.0 grams of C 2 H 6 ? (Ans:1.45 X 10 24 atoms of C) 4.How many carbon atoms would be needed to weigh the same as one Titanium atom?
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  • Moles 1.How many carbon atoms are in 36.0 grams of carbon? (1.81 X 10 24 ) 2.How many carbon atoms are in 36.0 grams of C 2 H 6 ? (Ans:1.45 X 10 24 atoms of C) Mixed Examples
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  • Moles Warm-Up Problems (find everything else) a) 10.0 g C b) 10.0 g C 2 H 6 c) 4.00 X 10 23 atoms of S d) 4.00 X 10 23 molecules of SO 2 e) 0.440 moles of SO 2 Mixed Examples
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  • GramsMolesMoleculesAtoms 10.0 g C0.833========5.02 X 10 23 10.0 g C 2 H 6 0.3332.01 X 10 23 4.02 X 10 23 C 12.1 X 10 23 H 21.3 g S0.664========4X10 23 S 42.6 g SO 2 0.6644X10 23 SO 2 4 X 10 23 S 8 X 10 23 O 28.2 g SO 2 0.44 SO 2 2.65 X 10 23 2.65 X 10 23 S 5.30 X 10 23 O 164.1 g/mol197.0 g/mol234.0 g/mol 71.0 g/mol106.8 g/mol
  • Slide 29
  • Moles 1.Definition The simplest ratio of the elements in a compound 2.Class with 6 girls, 9 boys Empirical Formula
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  • Moles 3.Examples FormulaEmpirical Form. C 2 H 2 Al 4 S 6 C 6 H 12 O 6 C 12 H 24 O 12 Empirical Formula
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  • Moles 1.What is the EF of a compound that has 0.900 g Ca and 1.60 g Cl? Rules - Go to moles - Divide by the smaller Empirical Formula
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  • Moles 2. What is the EF of a compound that is 40.0 % C, 6.67 % H and 53.3 % O? 3.What is the EF of a compound that is 66.0 % Ca and 34.0% P? 4.What is the EF of a compound that is 43.7 % P and 56.3 % O? Empirical Formula
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  • 5.Calculate the empirical formula of a compound that is 13.05 % boron. The rest is oxygen. (B 2 O 9 ) 6.A borane is a compound containing only boron and hydrogen. A 35.00 gram sample is analyzed and contains 30.96 grams of boron. Calculate the empirical formula. (B 5 H 7 )
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  • A 1 B 1.25 A 1 B 1.33 A 1.2 B 1 A 1 B 2.67 A 1 B 1.75
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  • Moles 1.Empirical Only tells you the ratios of the elements 2.Molecular Tells you the true number of each element Molecular Formula
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  • Moles EFMF CH 2 OCH 2 O (30 g/mol) C 2 H 4 O 2 (60 g/mol) C 3 H 6 O 3 (90 g/mol) C 4 H 8 O 4 (120 g/mol) Molecular Formula
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  • Moles 1.What is the MF of benzene if it has an EF of CH and a molar mass of 78.0 g/mol? 2.What is the MF of a compound if it has an EF of AgCO 2 and a molar mass of 304.0 g/mol? Molecular Formula
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  • Moles 3.What is the MF of a compound that is 40.9% C, 4.58 % H and 54.5 % O? It has a molar mass between 350 and 360 g/mol. 4.What is the MF of a compound that contains 4.90 grams of N and 11.2 g of O? The molar mass is about 90 g/mol. Molecular Formula
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  • Moles 1. Definition - % of the elements in a compound by mass 2.Class Example Girls12 Boys12 Percent Composition
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  • Moles 1.What is the % composition of CaCl 2 ? (Ans: 36.1 %, 63.9%) 2.What is the % composition of C 2 H 5 OH? (Ans: 52.2 %, 13.0 %, 34.8 %) 3.What is the % composition of Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 ? (Ans: 15.8 %, 28.1 %, 56.1 %) Percent Composition
  • Slide 41
  • a.Write the formula of calcium nitrate. b.Calculate the percent composition of calcium nitrate. (24.4% Ca, 17.1% N, 58.5% O) c.A compound was analyzed and found to contain 13.5 g Ca, 10.8 g O, and 0.675 g H. Calculate the empirical formula of the compound? (CaO 2 H 2 or Ca(OH) 2 ) d.A compound is 69.6% manganese, the rest is oxygen. Calculate the empirical formula. (Mn 2 O 3 ) e.If one form of the previous compound has a molar mass of about 475 amu, calculate the molecular formula.
  • Slide 42
  • Moles Calculate the empirical formula of a compound that contains 55.3 grams of potassium, 14.6 g of phosphorus, and 30.1 g of oxygen. How many oxygen atoms would be in 50.0 grams of this compound?
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  • Moles 1.Make up a compound containing 3 elements 1.No subscripts >5 2.Use both even and odd numbers 3.Ex: C 3 O 5 F 2 2.Calculate the percent composition of your imaginary compound. Also calculate the molar mass. Write these numbers down on an index card. 3.Give your card to another group. See if they can determine the formula of your compound.
  • Slide 44
  • Moles Ba = 68.7% Co = 19.6% N = 11.7% MM ~ 600 amu
  • Slide 45
  • Moles 14. gramsmolatoms a)14.50.4682.82 X 10 23 b)150.1.751.05 X 10 24 c)27.01.006.02 X 10 23 d)363(Ge)5.003.01 X 10 24 e)7.95X10-231.66X10-241.00
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  • Moles 15gramsmolatoms a)0.3900.0171 X 10 22 b)1.57 X 10 6 3.01 X 10 4 1.81 X 10 28 c)43.2 (Boron)4.002.41 X 10 24 d)4.25 X 10 -6 1.09 X 10 -7 6.55 X 10 16 e)0.1236.08 X 10 -3 3.66 X 10 21 16.a) 63.5 gb) 16.1 gc) 40.1 g
  • Slide 47
  • Moles 15gramsmolatoms a)0.3900.0171 X 10 22 b)1.57 X 10 6 3.01 X 10 4 1.81 X 10 28 c)43.2 (Boron)4.002.41 X 10 24 d)4.25 X 10 -6 1.09 X 10 -7 6.55 X 10 16 e)0.1236.08 X 10 -3 3.66 X 10 21 17a) 41.0 gb) 400. gc) 3.67X10 6 g 19a) 10.0 molb) 122 molc) 3.16X10 -23 mol 26. a) 267.6 g/mol b)