Comparative Zoology Lab Manual

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Comparative Zoology Lab Manual

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  • 1

    Comparative Vertebrate Zoology

    (Compilation of Laboratory Activity)

    By: Geonyzl L. Alviola

    Name __________________________________ Course and Year _________________________ Teacher ________________________________

    Vertebrata

  • 2

    Table of Contents

    Activity no# Titles

    1 Homology, Analogy and Homoplasy

    2 Adaptations (Behavioral, Structural and Physiological)

    3 Phylogeny Tree

    4 Phylum Chordate

    5 Biological Design

    6 Embryology : Cleavage and Blastula

    7 Embryology : Gastrula

    8 Integumentary System: Skin

    9 Integumentary System: Epidermal and Dermal Derivatives

    10 Skeletal System: Cranium

    11 Skeletal System: Axial Skeletal System

    12 Skeletal System: Appendicular Skeletal System

    13 Muscular System (origin, insertion and action)

    14 Respiratory System

    15 Circulatory System

    16 Digestive System

    17 Urogenital System

    18 Endocrine System

    19 Nervous System

    20 Sensory

  • 3

    Name _______________________ Score: __________

    Date ________________________

    Activity 1

    Title: Homology, Analogy and Homoplasy

    Objectives :

    1. To identify the structures if it is homology, analogy and homoplasy.

    2. To discuss the relationship of the structures to the environment.

    Materials:

    pencil paper ruler animal pictures

    internet books

    Procedure:

    1. Provide a wallet size picture of the selected animals and identify what

    morphological concepts will be used

    a. Hindlimb of human and horse

    b. Dorsal fin of shark and dolphin

    c. Tongue of frog and chameleon

    d. Leaf hopper and leaf of a tree

    e. Spine of the porcupine and Sea urchin spine

    2. Use the this diagram to determine the morphological concept used to compare

    structures see fig. 1.

    Fig1. The morphological concepts.

    Data

    A. Hindlimb of human and horse

    What is the morphological concept was used ? ___________________________

    Why?________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________

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    B. Dorsal fin of shark and dolphin

    What is the morphological concept was used ? ___________________________

    Why?__________________________________________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________

    C. Tongue of frog and chameleon

    What is the morphological concept was used ? ________________________________

    Why?_________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________

    D. Leaf hopper and leaf of a tree

    What is the morphological concept was used ? ________________________________

    Why?_________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________

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    E. Spine of the porcupine and Sea urchin spine

    What is the morphological concept was used ? ________________________________

    Why?_________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________

    B. Encircle the following diagram that does not belong in the group and observe the

    similarities that the others share.

    C. Identify the analogous structure between two animals.

    1. Bat and Bird - _________________________

    2. Butterfly and Bird - _____________________

    3. Shark and Dolphin - _____________________

    4. Whale and turtle - ______________________

    5. Frog and Chameleon - ___________________

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    Name ________________________ Score :

    Date _________________________

    Activity 2

    Title: Adaptations (Behavioral, Structural and Physiological)

    Objectives:

    1. To identify the type of adaptation (behavioral, structural and physiological)

    of each animal.

    2. To discuss the adaptation in relation to the environment.

    Materials:

    Pencil eraser toy animals references internet source

    Procedure:

    1. Identify the adaptation of each animal based on behavior, structure and

    physiology.

    2. Discuss the following adaptation relation to the environment.

    Data:

    1. Shark

    Structural Adaptation Behavioral Adaptation Physiological Adaptation

    1.___________________

    _____________________

    ______________________

    ______________________

    ___________________

    2.____________________

    ______________________

    ______________________

    ______________________

    __________________

    1. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    1. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

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    2. Poison Dart Frog

    Structural Adaptation Behavioral Adaptation Physiological Adaptation

    1.___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2.____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    1. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

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    2. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

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    1. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    3. Philippine cobra

    Structural Adaptation Behavioral Adaptation Physiological Adaptation

    1.___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2.____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    1. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

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    _____________________

    2. ___________________

    _____________________

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    _____________________

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    1. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2. ___________________

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    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

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    4. Philippine Eagle

    Structural Adaptation Behavioral Adaptation Physiological Adaptation

    1.___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2.____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    1. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2. ___________________

    _____________________

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    1. ___________________

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    2. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    5. Philippine Tarsier

    Structural Adaptation Behavioral Adaptation Physiological Adaptation

    1.___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2.____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    1. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2. ___________________

    _____________________

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    _____________________

    _____________________

    1. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    2. ___________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

    _____________________

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    Name ________________________ Score :

    Date _________________________

    Activity 3

    Title: Phylogeny Tree

    Objectives:

    1. To construct a phylogenic tree based on the given chara