Companion Planting: A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants

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Companion Planting: A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants

Transcript of Companion Planting: A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants

  • 1.CompanionPlanting A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plantsby Julie VillaniCompanion Planting A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants1Copyright 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved

2. This book is dedicated to all the ancestral loversof gardening who have contributed to the collective knowledge that isCompanion PlantingLegal Information You do not have resell rights or giveaway rights to this e-Book. Onlycustomers that have purchased this material are authorized to view it.ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.No part of this report may be reproduced or transmitted in any formwhatsoever, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, orby any informational storage or retrieval system other than for the purchaserspersonal use without the expressed written, dated and signed permission fromthe author.LIMITS OF LIABILITYThe author and publisher of this book have used their best efforts in preparingthis material. The author and publisher make no representation or warrantieswith respect to the accuracy, applicability, or completeness of the contents ofthis program.The author and publisher shall in no event be held liable for any loss ordamages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, orother damages. The author reserves the right to make changes and assumesno responsibility or liability whatsoever on behalf of any purchaser or reader ofthese materials.Companion Planting A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 2Copyright 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved 3. ContentsCoverPage 1Legal InformationPage 2Introduction Page 4Fruits Page 6Herbs Page 10VegetablesPage 26Layout guidePage 37Layout examples Page 38Other combinationsPage 39How much do I plant?Page 41 Companion Planting A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 3 Copyright 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved 4. IntroductionWelcome to your complete guide to growing Companion Plants. This guideis set out into three user-friendly sections so that you can quickly and easilyfind what you are looking for.The main sections are Fruits, Herbs and Vegetables. At the end of this e-book you will find a layout guide and examples along with a summary of goodplant combinations and how much to plant.Companion planting has been practiced by generations of gardenersthroughout the ages. Over this time gardeners noticed that some plantsperformed well next to certain plants and poorly close to others. Mostgardeners not only love to share information, but for centuries it was a matterof survival, so their knowledge has been handed down through gardening folklore and tradition.Allelopathy (companion planting) is all about determining which plants growbest together, and just as importantly, those which dont like each other.Experimentation and accidental combinations have shown that certain plantsdeter specific pests and weeds on the land close to them. Mixed plantingshelp keep pests and predators in balance. The greater the variety of herbsused amongst food crops, the less problems with insects.If you take a look around your own garden you might see companionplanting happening without you even knowing it. The knowledge we havetoday has come mostly through accidents astute gardeners recognised thatseveral plants grew exceptionally well together; or that certain plants dislikedbeing with their neighbours, with disappointing results.Good record keeping and the sharing of information is how todays insightsinto companion planting have developed.Companion Planting A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 4Copyright 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved 5. What makes a plant a good companion?Some plants are good companions because one is a tall and robustplant which protects a shade-loving, fragile plant.Some plants have long roots which break up the soil for theircompanions, giving them more room for their roots to spread and grow.Some plants provide particular nutrients in the soil that a companionneeds.Some plants repel insects that attack their companions.Some plants even self-sacrifice by attracting insects to themselves andaway from their companions.Others simply grow well together and we dont really know why.Now that manygardeners are movingaway from chemicalfertilizers, herbicidesand pesticides we canagain embrace theorganic solutions andwisdom of ourgardening ancestors tocreate healthy, balancednutritious food gardens.Companion Planting A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 5Copyright 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved 6. FruitsAPPLE (Malus pumila): Planting nasturtiums under apple trees will help torepel aphids. Planting clumps of chives or onions close to the trunk candeter apple scab. Growing grass under your apple tree may suppress thetrees growth. Apple trees are not self-pollinating. They must have acompatible tree of a different variety planted nearby. Choose a varietywhich flowers at the same time to ensure good cross-pollination.Good Companions: Nasturtium; OnionBad Companions: PotatoesBLACKBERRY (Rubus fruticosus): Blackberry is a very vigorous andaggressive plant. In some states of Australia it has become such a problemthat it is a declared noxious weed.Good Companions: TansyBad Companions: RaspberriesCITRUS (Citrus): Citrus trees are shallow-rooted evergreen trees. They donot like to compete with other plants, particularly grasses.Good Companions: Coffee; PepperBad Companions: GrassFIG (Ficus carica): Give a lot of consideration when planting figs as somegrow to great heights and most have vigorous, invasive root systems.Good Companions: none knownBad Companions: Rue Companion Planting A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 6 Copyright 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved 7. FRUIT TREES: Plant garlic and onions near stone fruit trees as theycontain powerful anti-bacterial agents which will help destroy diseases thatdamage stone fruits.Other good companion plants for most fruit trees are chives, nasturtiumsand horseradish (keep horseradish contained).Good Companions: Chives; Garlic; Horseradish; Nasturtiums; OnionsGRAPES (Vitus vinifera):Planting Hyssop near grape vines will increase the grape yields.Good Companions: Alfalfa; Geraniums; Hyssop; Mulberry: OreganoBad Companions: Cabbage; RadishMELONS (Cucumis melo): This genus includes most of the melons (exceptwatermelon, which is Citrullus), scrambling vines with large, lobed leaves.Do not rotate with squash or cucumber as they all belong to the samefamily. Do not grow melons near potatoes.Good Companions: Corn; Peanut; SunflowerBad Companions: PotatoMULBERRY (Morus nigra): Grape vines trained to grow on mulberry treesseem to produce bumper crops of grapes, free from disease. This makesthe task of picking them a little more difficult though.Good Companions: GrapesBad Companions: none known Companion Planting A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 7 Copyright 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved 8. PEACHES (Prunus persica): Garlic planted next to the trunk of your peachtree will protect it from borers. Feed your tree with nitrogen rich compost ifit has peach leaf curl.Tansy planted around the tree will help repel fruit fly. Never plant a youngpeach tree where an old one has grown as the soil under peach trees istoxic to peach saplings.Good Companions: Asparagus; Corn; Garlic; Grape; Onion; Strawberries;TansyBad Companions: Young peach treesPEAR (Pyrus communis):Good Companions: CurrantBad Companions: none knownQUINCES (Cydonia oblonga): Planting garlic around your quince trees willimprove the flavour of the fruit.Good Companions: GarlicBad Companions: none knownRASPBERRY (Rubus idaeus): Raspberries and blackberries should not begrown together. Potatoes may succumb to blight if grown near raspberries.Good Companions: TansyBad Companions: Blackberry; PotatoesSTRAWBERRY (Fragaria): Strawberries love to grown together withborage, bush beans, lettuce and spinach. They dislike members of theBrassica (cabbage) family. Companion Planting A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 8 Copyright 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved 9. If you want your strawberries to take on the flavour of wildstrawberries, try using a mulch of pine needles.Good Companions: Borage; Bush beans; Lettuce; Nectarine;Peach; Pyrethrum; SpinachBad Companions: Broccoli; Brussels sprouts; Cabbage;Cauliflower; GladioliTOMATOES (Lycopersicon lycopersicum): Tomatoes like to grow in thesame space year after year. Tomatoes and asparagus are mutuallybeneficial.Tomatoes also like growing near basil, carrots, celery, chives, marigolds,nasturtiums, onions and parsley. Nettles growing nearby will prevent mouldon tomatoes.Kohlrabi and fennel both inhibit the growth of tomatoes. Tomatoes producea root extraction that inhibits the growth of apricot trees.Good Companions: Asparagus; Basil; Cabbage; Carrot; Celery; Marigold;Nasturtium; Nettles; Onion; Parsley; Peas; SageBad Companions: Apricot trees; Fennel; Kohlrabi; PotatoCompanion Planting A Complete Guide to Growing Healthy Plants 9Copyright 2008 Urban Assets Pty. Ltd., All Rights Reserved 10. HerbsANISE (Pinpinella anisum):Liquorice flavoured herb; a good host forbeneficial wasps which prey on aphids and it is also said to repel aphids.Anise deters pests from brassicas by camouflaging their odour. It improvesthe vigour of any plants growing near it. Use in ointments to protect againstbug stings and bites.Good Companions: Beans; Brassicas; CorianderBad Companions: CarrotUses: Culinary; Household; MedicinalBASIL (Ocimum basilicum): Plant with tomatoes to improve growth andflavour of both. Basil can be helpful in repelling thrips. It is said to repelflies and mosquitoes. Do not plant near rue as they inhibit each othersgrowth.Good Companions: Apricots; Asparagus; Beans; Cabbage; Parsley;TomatoesBad Companions: RueUses: Culinary; Household; MedicinalBAY LEAF (Laurus nobilis): A fresh bay leaf in each storage container ofbeans, rice or grains