Collaborative information seeking for Desing Engineering

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Transcript of Collaborative information seeking for Desing Engineering

  • 1. Investigating Collaborative Information Seeking Practice of Design Engineering Students


  • Overview
  • Whats information seeking?
  • The need to study information seeking in a collaborative setting
  • What are the skills that students in a design engineering course are expected to have or to acquire?
  • The use of concept/mind map tools as a potential solution
  • The role of librarians

Agenda Engineering & Science Library 3.

  • Design engineering projects are commonly collaborative.
  • The identification of the needed information is an essential competency?
  • Google generation and the information overload

Overview Engineering & Science Library 4.

  • Information seeking behaviour is the area where we can study how people need, seek, give, and use information in different contexts, including the workplace and everyday living.
  • There is no single definition for information seeking behaviour as it depends on the discipline where it is studied.
  • Fosterdefines collaborative information seeking as the study of the systems and practices that enable individuals to collaborate during the seeking, searching and retrieval of information.
  • Source:J. Foster, "Collaborative information seeking and retrieval",Annual Review of Information Science and Technology , Medford, NJ, 2006, Vol. 40, pp. 329-356.

What is information seeking? Engineering & Science Library 5.

  • Kuhlthaus six stages of the ISP model are:
      • Initiation : recognize information need.
      • Selection : identify general topic.
      • Exploration : investigate information on general.
      • Formulation : formulate focus.
      • Collection : gather information pertaining to focus.
      • Presentation : complete.
  • Source: C.C. Kuhlthau, Inside the search process: seeking meaning from the users perspective,Journal of the American Society for Information Science,Vol. 42, No. 5, 1991, pp. 361371.

Information seeking process (ISP) model Engineering & Science Library 6. Information seeking during the design process(based on the type of resource)Source: D. Veshosky, "Managing Innovation Information in Engineering and Construction Firms,"Journal of Management in Engineering,Vol. 14, 1998, pp. 58-66. 7.

  • Ellis and Haugan categorized engineers information seeking practice into eight categories :
  • Surveying : the initial search for an overview of the related literature within a subject field.
  • Chaining : following chains of different forms of connection between resources to identify new sources of information.
  • Monitoring : maintaining awareness of development and technologies.
  • Browsing : scanning of primary and secondary resources
  • Distinguishing : ranking information sources according to their relative importance
  • Filtering : using search strategies to make the retrieved information more relevant and precise.
  • Extracting :working through sources to select materials for specific use such as a presentation, a discussion, or a report.
  • Ending : activities involved with finishing the information seeking process at the end of the design project.
  • Source:D. Ellis and M. Haugan, "Modelling the information seeking patterns of engineers and research scientists in an industrial environment",Journal of Documentation,Vol. 53, 1997, pp. 384-403.

Information seeking behaviour of engineers 8.

  • Collaborative information seeking behaviour is not information sharing.
  • Which tools would students use in collaborative information seeking? And how they can learn them?
  • Collaborative information behaviour is studied on working groups rather than studying individuals and it includes:
      • Identifying needs collaboratively,
      • Formulating queries collaboratively,
      • Retrieving information collaboratively,
      • Communicating about information
      • Coordinating information retrieval activities.

Collaborative information seeking Engineering & Science Library 9. How to investigate collaborative information seeking in a design engineering course? Engineering & Science Library 10. Suggested Model Engineering & Science Library Design knowledge framework Source: O. Eris and L. Leifer, Facilitating product development knowledge acquisition: Interaction between the expert and the team,International Journal of Engineering Education,Vol. 19, No. 1, 2003, pp. 142-152. 11. Suggested Model with intervention Engineering & Science Library Design knowledge framework Based on: O. Eris and L. Leifer, Facilitating product development knowledge acquisition: Interaction between the expert and the team,International Journal of Engineering Education,Vol. 19, No. 1, 2003, pp. 142-152. Librarian/ TA /Project Manager 12.

  • Concept/ mind maps
  • Engineering portfolios
  • Collaborative online tools .. Google docs, Refworks, Facebook !
  • Who, How, and When?

Suggested tools Engineering & Science Library 13. Example: Robs map 14.

  • The purpose of this presentation is to introduce the need to study collaborative information practice in design engineering project with a highlight of the role of librarians and information specialists in studying and mapping the information resources that engineering students would use during the project lifetime.
  • Information is not a pill an individual can swallow in order to become informed, but a plastic substance that can be shaped in many ways. An information user is not a passive information processing system but actively makes sense of the surrounding reality and attached personal meaning to information *
  • Source:S.Talja, K. Tuominen, andR. Savolainen, R.Isms in information science: Constructivism, collectivism and constructionism . Journal of Documentation ,2005,vol. 61 no. 1, 79-101.

Final thoughts Engineering & Science Library 15. Questions and Comments !

  • Nasser Saleh:[email_address] ,(613) 533-6846