Collaborative action research

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Transcript of Collaborative action research

  • 1. LIB 604 Libraries in theSchool Curriculum Spring 2012

2. 2What is it? What is Collaborative Action Research? a process in which participants systematicallyexamine their own educational practice using thetechniques of research, for the purposeof increasing learning of students, their teachers, andother interested parties. Caro-Bruce. (2000). Action Researcher: Facilitators Handbook. National Council of Staff Development. 3. 3 How does it work? Teamwork According to Sagor (1992), collaborative actionresearch involves people who want to do somethingto improve their own situation (p. 7) taking action.The focus of the research process is teams ofpractitioners who have common interests (p. 10)working together to investigate issues relevant totheir interests. Collaborative action research and school counselors. From: Professional School Counseling | Date: 10/1/2005 | Author: Rowell, Lonnie L. 4. 4 But what is action research? What is Action Research? Action Research is a process in which participantsexamine their own educational practicesystematically and carefully using the techniques ofresearch. Heidi Watts, Antioch Graduate School, same definition as cited in Action Research, by Eileen Ferrance 5. 5 Assumptions behind action research teachers and principals work best on problemsthey have identified for themselves; teachers and principals become more effectivewhen encouraged to examine and assess their ownwork and then consider ways of workingdifferently; teachers and principals help each other byworking collaboratively; working with colleagues helps teachers andprincipals in their professional development. What is Action Research? Heidi Watts, Antioch Graduate School 6. 6Another definition Action research is the process through which teacherscollaborate in evaluating theirpractice jointly; raise awareness oftheir personal theory; articulate a shared conception ofvalues; try out new strategies to render the valuesexpressed in their practice more consistent with theeducational values they espouse; record their work in aform which is readily available to and understandable byother teachers; and thus develop a shared theory ofteaching by researching practice. John Elliott 7. 7Video Interview of Elliott 8. 8Why action? The Meaning of Action Traditionally, scientific research has been conducted byprofessional full-time researchers. They generally choose theirtopics based on their personal predilections or the preference ofjournal editors, and they publish reports of their work with thehope that someone will someday make use of it. But even if no onedoes, their work is usually complete upon publication of theirreport. Action research, on the other hand, is conducted by people whowant to do something to improve their own situation. When otherpeople read about their work, notice it, or make use of it, that issimply icing on the cake. Action researchers undertake a studybecause they want to know whether they can do something in abetter way. Sagor, How to Conduct Collaborative Action Research,Chapter 2. Defining Collaborative Action Research 9. 9 A Related Concept collaborative inquiry Inquiry is the investigation of users and theircontext in order to understand their problem space,their goals, and associated design constraints,usually by observational methods, surveys, andinterviews. Collaborative inquiry involves the users(or potential users) of an application in theinvestigation, relying on them as collaborators fortheir domain knowledge and appreciation of userneeds. Glossary collaborative inquiry 10. 10 Why collaborative?There are least two reasons for advocating CAR: Firstly, . . . many teachers lack the necessary expertiseto engage in action research. Our second reason for advocating CAR is thatcollaboration provides an avenue for discussion. Abdullah, K. I . and Hashim, A . Collaborative action research Australian Association for Research in Education 1996 Singapore Joint ERA/AARE Conference 11. 11Why Collaborative Inquiry? Rationale for collaborative inquiry: . . . this argument posits that research knowledge andevaluation data are valid only when informed bypractitioner perspectives. 12. 12Five Phases of Action ResearchPhase I - Problem IdentificationPhase II - Plan of ActionPhase III - Data CollectionPhase IV - Analysis of DataPhase V - Plan for Future Action Adapted from the St. Louis Action Research Evaluation Committee 13. 13Guidelines typically used in teacher action research 14. 14CompareFerrancesFive StepProcess 15. 15Step one 16. 16Step 1:Importance ofthe problemstatementIs a puzzlement(Rodgers and Hammerstein: The King and I) The problem statement defines the puzzlement whichguides the inquiry of the project. Problem statementsoften take the form of a central question that yieldssubquestions. Seider, S. (2002, Fall). Syllabus, EDEL 591 Designing Action Researchin Elementary/Early Childhood Education (no longer available online) See also Guidelines for Developing a Question 17. 17 Step 1: Problem formulation A key characteristic of action research Action research involves puzzling, the identificationof a problem where there is some doubt about howto proceed. It requires the ability to constantly askquestions (problem definition), in addition to thedetermination of patterns through the formal tools ofsystematic audit. Research to Support Schools of Ambition: Annual Report 2007. School enquiry conformative or creative?, p. 32. 18. 18Step 1:How do I choose a research question to study? The question should be: Focused on your practice Focused on client/student impact Within your control to influence Something you feel passionate about Something youd like to change Aligned with your professional growth Action Research Question Formation:3. Question Characteristics 19. 19Step Two 20. 20 Step Three See also A Process for Analyzing Your Data and Guidelines for Analyzing Your Data 21. 21Step Four 22. 22The Structure of an ActionResearch ReportIntroductionA description of the research processAn analysis of the dataAn action plan [AKA Action Planning, i.e. the plan you create inFerrances Step Five (Reflection) for what comes next asa result of what youve discovered] Sagor, How to Conduct Collaborative Action Research, ch. 6 23. 23 Action Planning What is Action Planning? Action planning is a process whichwill help you to focus your ideasand to decide what steps you need to take to achieve particulargoals that you may have. It is a statement on paper of what youwant to achieve over a given period of time. Preparing an actionplan is a good way to help you to reach your objectives in life. An effective action plan should give you a concrete timetable andset of clearly defined steps to help you to reach your objective,rather than aimlessly wondering what to do next. It helps you tofocus your ideas and provides you with an answer to the questionWhat do I do to achieve my objective? University of Kent > Careers > Employability Skills > Action Planning 24. 24The Many Faces of Parent Involvement, p. 86 25. 25 Step FiveReflection