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Transcript of Cocoa Plants Propagation at NESTLE R&D ABIDJAN · PDF file Pest and insects Mirids: South...

  • CONFIDENTIAL

    Proprietary information of Nestlé S. A., Vevey, Switzerland – This document should not be reproduced or disclosed without prior authorisation

    Cocoa Plants Propagation

    at NESTLE R&D ABIDJAN

    1

    By Arthur TAPI, Ph D Regional Cocoa Symposium Ibadan, Nigeria

    8-10 November 2016 2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

  • CONFIDENTIAL

    Proprietary information of Nestlé S. A., Vevey, Switzerland – This document should not be reproduced or disclosed without prior authorisation

    We’re part of One-R&D

    Santiago

    King of Prussia

    St. Joseph

    St. LouisQuerétaro

    Fremont

    Solon

    Marysville

    Abidjan

    India

    NRC Tokyo

    China (Beijing)

    China (Shanghai) China (Xiamen)

    China (Dongguan)

    Singapore

    Sderot

    Sansepolcro

    Broc

    Singen

    Konolfingen

    Beverage Centre Orbe • STC Orbe • PTC Orbe

    York

    Askeaton Amiens

    Lisieux

    Beauvais

    Vittel

    Tours

    Lausanne

    NRC, CRU & NIHS

    Minneapolis

    Bakersfield

    San Diego

    The Nestlé Research Network – 2013

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

  • CONFIDENTIAL

    Proprietary information of Nestlé S. A., Vevey, Switzerland – This document should not be reproduced or disclosed without prior authorisation

    We’re committed to the Nestlé Innovation model

    Creating shared value & Sustainability Can we create value for the society and Nestlé?

    Innovation

    Sweet-spot

    Consumer & Shopper Insights What is needed by consumers?

    Scientific & Technological Capacity What is scientifically and technologically possible?

    Commercial Capability Do we have the commercial capabilities to do this?

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

  • CONFIDENTIAL

    Proprietary information of Nestlé S. A., Vevey, Switzerland – This document should not be reproduced or disclosed without prior authorisation

    Driving the propagation of plants to improve production and quality of coffee

    and cocoa in West Africa

    OUR MISSION

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

    http://french.alibaba.com/product-free-img/coffee-robustha-organic-java-coffee-robustha-112252052.html http://french.alibaba.com/product-free-img/coffee-robustha-organic-java-coffee-robustha-112252052.html

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    Geographical distribution of cocoa varieties in the world

     The cocoa tree varieties and distribution

     Criollo: Origin Venezuela, whitish cocoa beans merchant of high quality, low

    agricultural value, high susceptibility to disease, 1-5% world production

     Forastero: Origin Amazon and grown in Africa, yellow or brown pods mature,

    more resistant to disease, 80-90% of world production

    Trinitario: Hybrid obtained from natural crossing between Criollo and Forastero,

    strong but susceptible to disease, 10-20% of world production

     National: similar to the Forastero cacao but with a fine and a characteristic

    aroma. (Lerceteau et al. 1997)

    COCOA PLANTS AND BEANS

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

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     Pathogenic fungal  Rot Pod: Phytophthora Sp (P.palmivora, P.capsici, P.megakarya, P.cytrophthora)

    (Twaro et al. 1997)

     Cocoa Swollen Shoot: Babnavirus: non-enveloped viruses, bacilliform particle

    morphology with a double-stranded DNA (Sackey and Muller 2005).

     Pest and insects Mirids: South east Asia (Sahbergella Sp, Sp Distanhella and Aclopetis Sp...)

    Rodents: Rats and squirrels (Lanaud 1997).

     Phytosanitary constraints

     30% of world production losses related to phytosanitary constraints

    BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

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     Old plantations > 25 years old

     Low yield (250 kg/ha)

     Traditional Agricultural practices

     Inadequate dissemination of research products

     The limited storage conditions and storage thus causing

    sudden changes of cocoa costs on the international market

     Lack of labour force, Conflict

    BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION

     Economic Constraints

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

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     Planting material currently used by farmers in Côte

    d’Ivoire is hybrid seeds or called “tout venant”

     Yield of 400-500 Kg/Ha

     Strong heterogeneity between trees within a single descendant

    BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

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    WHAT DO NESTLÉ TO ADDRESS THESE PROBLEMS ?

     Breeding programs in West African countries

    (CocoaAction, CLASS, etc…)

     Propagation of elites Planting Material

    (Somatic embryogenesis, orthotropic cuttings, Hybrid seedlings)

     Demoplots, Technology transfer, ….

    According these observations, improvement and

    propagation of cocoa trees become a great importance,

    especially for NESTLE

    Embryons

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

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    Propagation Lab Area: 800 m2

    Potential : 500,000 plants/year

    Greenhouse Area:1512 m2

    Capacity: 1 MiO plants/year

    Nurseries (2) Area: 3000 m2

    Area: 1500 m2

    Capacity: 1,5 Mi0 plants/year

    A. SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS IN LABORATORY

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

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    Mother Garden  Area: 2.3 Ha

     Number of cocoa trees: 19000

     Potential of production: 1 Mi0/year

    Nursery (Rooting stage)

     Multiplication of elite clones via rooted cuttings on Zambakro Experimental Farm

     Results

    Improvement of cuttings production

    ( rooting score, substrates formulation)

    Evaluation of morpho-genetic aspects

    of trees ( with CNRA on their stations)

    Cuttings production for trials and

    Demoplots

    B. ORTHOTROPIC CUTTINGS

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

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     30 Demoplots installed at farmers level

     6 trials on research stations for SE and OS plants

    evaluation

     5 MiO plants produced and distributed since 2010

     450.000 SE plants produced and 100.000 distributed

    Partners: CNRA, ANADER, WCF, BioPartenaire, Olam,

    THE GLOBAL PICTURE, ACHIEVEMENT TO DATE

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

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    MOVE

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

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     For developing elite cacao varieties (Breeding programs, Biotechnology…)

     Transfer its plant production technologies and Plants Distribution processes

     Create a permanent exchange framework to share experiences and

    Knowledge

    Nestlé is ready to work with other partners:

    CONCLUSION & PERSPECTIVES

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium

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    THANK YOU FOR

    ATTENTION

    2016 Next Generation Cocoa Research Symposium