Coca-Cola in India
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Know and understand how globalisation both helps and hinders development with reference to one case study from an LEDC or NIC.
The company sells over 400 brands in over 312 countries or territories.90 billion servings of Cokes products are consumed each day
A multinational company is one that operates in more than one country across the world.http://www.flickr.com/photos/lynns/110140674/
Apart from operating in more than one country, multinationals also have a number of other characteristicsWell-known brandsHuge ProfitsLarge employershttp://www.flickr.com/photo_zoom.gne?id=286819826&size=oHeadquarters mostly in MEDC countries.Atlanta, Georgia, USA$24 billion dollars71,000 people worldwide
An increase in the flow of goods, services, people, capital across national borders in order to create a more integrated and interdependent world economy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globalization
The term globalisation is contested, a general definition isBasically the World is shrinking.
Improved transport means that people and goods can be moved around the world more quickly. Distance between places hasnt changed, but the time needed to cover those distances has.http://www.flickr.com/photos/danoots/165294639/
Improvement in technology, such as the internet, has meant that capital (money) can be transferred instantly between locations. People can also use telephones and the internet to communicate more easily in real time.http://www.flickr.com/photos/ldandersen/301812211/
Improvements in technology have also lead to the development of a mass media, television, radio and internet, far off places now seem much closer we can even see them in real time.http://www.flickr.com/photos/skooal/322346446/
These factors have lead to increased interdependence between places they also seem much closer than they did. http://www.flickr.com/photos/anjan58/1281306048/
Bottled in 200 countries across the world.http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamesonroper/400400410/
Manufacturing your product in the country you sell it has a number of advantages.
Labour costs may be lower in some countries, especially LEDC countries.Low labour costs = higher profits.http://www.flickr.com/photos/thomasvr/2178131895/
Manufacturing your product in the country it is sold reduces transport costs.Less transport = higher profits.http://www.flickr.com/photos/jungkumseok/2175023880/
Legalisation on working conditions, workers rights, health and safety, and the environment may be less strict in some countries.Relaxed legalisation = lower overheads= more profit.http://www.flickr.com/photos/22385378@N02/2171255668/
Some countries may try to encourage multinationals to invest in their country by offering lower tax rates and financial incentives. More favourable taxation = lower overheads= more profits.http://www.flickr.com/photos/dukeofism/2137719782/
Coca-Cola employs people.Coca-Cola locates in an areahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/ikayama/784139355/
Generates income for local suppliersEmployees have greater income.Generates income for local businessesEmployees pay taxesIncreased tax revenues can be spent on the local community.Process of the positive multiplier effect.And so onAnd so on
It widens your market.More consumers= more profit.http://www.flickr.com/photos/perverted_introvert/2197021334/
The status of your brand is raised.More status = more consumers = more profithttp://www.flickr.com/photos/gunnarfreyr/2196432220/
Producing your product in a country and adapting to the local market makes it seem more local.More local = more consumers = more profit.http://www.flickr.com/photos/liemtran/2184656873/