Class 9 English Worksheet-10 (Language) ADJECTIVES ... · PDF file ADJECTIVES COMPARISON OF...

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Transcript of Class 9 English Worksheet-10 (Language) ADJECTIVES ... · PDF file ADJECTIVES COMPARISON OF...

  • ST. XAVIER’S SCHOOLS-CHANDIGARH, PANCHKULA, MOHALI, ZIRAKPUR

    Class 9 English Worksheet-10 (Language)

    ADJECTIVES

    COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

    ADJECTIVES:- An adjective is a word that describes a noun or a pronoun.

    ADJECTIVES- WORD ORDER

    When we use two or more adjectives to describe a noun, we have to take care of the word

    order. The position of the adjectives depends on how closely they are related to the noun.

    Adjectives – usual order Noun

    Quality Size/Age/Shape Colour Origin

    Past

    Participle

    beautiful old brown Indian handmade

    table, marble

    kitchen table

    artistic, expensive old gold necklace

    dirty narrow dark room

    beautiful oval multicoloured carpet

    e.g-

    o A beautiful old brown Indian handmade marble kitchen table. o An artistic expensive old gold necklace. o A dirty narrow dark room. o A beautiful oval multicoloured carpet.

    CORRECT USE OF ADJECTIVES

    1. Later, latest: Both denote time. ‘Later’ is opposed to ‘earlier’ - Sarita came later than I expected.

    - Did you hear the latest news?

    a young man a pleasant day

    a square table a small room

  • 2. Latter, last: Both are used for position or order. ‘Latter’ refers to the second of two things that have just been mentioned. ‘Latter’ is opposed to

    ‘former’. ‘Last’ is used for happening or coming after all other

    similar things. ’Last’ is opposed to ‘first’.

    -The principal accepted the latter proposal.

    -He lives in the last house in the lane.

    3. Nearest, next: ‘Nearest ‘refers to the distance` -The nearest railway station is a kilometer away from here.

    -My friend lives in the next town.

    4. Elder, Eldest: Both are used for members of the same family. ‘Elder’ is never followed by ‘than’.

    -Maya is my elder sister.

    -Parul is my eldest daughter.

    5. Older, Oldest: Both are used for persons and things. -He is older than his friend.

    -This tree is older than that.

    -Sridhar is the oldest villager.

    -This is the oldest temple in our village.

    6. Farther, further: ‘Farther’ means more distant. ‘Further’ means additional -There is a post office at the farther end of the street.

    -Can you do this without further delay?

    COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES:When adjectives change in form to show

    comparison, they are called the Degrees of Comparison. The degrees of comparison are

    classified into Positive, Comparative and Superlative degrees of comparison.

    ❖ Positive Degree:The positive degree of an adjective is the adjective in its simple form. It is used to denote the mere existence of some quality. E.g- -He is as tall as his father.

    -The mango is sweet.

    -Aruna is a clever girl.

    ❖ Comparative Degree:The comparative degree of an adjective is used when two things or two sets of things are compared. E.g- -Sam is taller than his father.

  • -The mango is sweeter than the banana. -

    Aruna is cleverer than Niti.

    ❖ Superlative Degree: The superlative degree of an adjective denotes the highest degree of the quality. It is used when more than two things or sets of

    things are compared. E.g- -Sam is the tallest in the class.

    -The mango is the sweetest of all the fruits.

    -Aruna is the cleverest girl in the class.

    DEGREES OF COMPARISON

    Positive Comparative Superlative

    small smaller smallest

    wise wiser wisest

    good better best

    happy happier happiest

    dry drier driest

    big bigger biggest

    grey greyer greyest

    beautiful more beautiful most beautiful

    difficult more difficult most difficult

    intelligent more intelligent most intelligent

    Note:-

    1. When a comparison is made by means of a Comparative Degree followed by than, the thing that is compared must always be excluded from the class of things

    with which it is compared, by using the word: other:

  • - Iron is more useful than any other metal.

    - Tagore is greater than any other author.

    - Solomon was wiser than all other men.

    - Kalidasa is greater than all other Indian poets.

    - Reena is more industrious than any other student.

    2. When a comparison is made by means of a Superlative Degree, the thing or class of things compared must be included in the comparison of the Superlative

    - Ganga is said to be the holiest of all the rivers.

    - He is the cleverest of all the pupils.

    3. Comapartives ending in –‘or’ are followed by to instead of than. -This necklace is superior to that one.

    - His painting is inferior to yours.

    -James is junior to all his brothers.

    - This event took place prior to the First World War.

    INTERCHANGE OF DEGREES OF COMPARISON

    It is possible to change the Degree of Comparison of an Adjective or Adverb in a

    sentence without changing its meaning.

    Examples:

    Positive No other metal is as valuable as gold.

    Comparative Gold is more valuable than any other metal

    Superlative Gold is the most valuable of all the metals.

    Superlative Nehru was one of the greatest leaders.

    Comparative Nehru was greater than many other leaders.

    Positive Very few leaders were as great as Nehru.

    Positive Jack is as strong as John.

    Comparative John is not stronger than Jack.

    Comparative An airplane flies faster than birds.

    Positive Birds do not fly as fast as an airplane.

  • TRANSFORMATION OF SENTENCES AS PER INTERCHANGE OF DEGREES

    OF COMPARISON.

    SOLVED EXAMPLES:

    Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. 1. Gandhiji was more popular than any other contemporary leaders. [ Use:’most popular’

    instead of ‘more popular’

    -Gandhiji was the most popular contemporary leader.

    2. He is not the best boy in the class.[Begin: He is not better than…..] -He is not better than many of the boys in the class.

    3. A living ass is better than a dead horse. [Use: ‘good’ instead of ‘better’] - A dead horse is not as good as a living ass

    4. She is as fresh as a flower. [Begin: A flower…..] -A flower is not fresher than she is.

    5. This town is not as clean as that town. [ Use ‘ cleaner’] -That town is cleaner than this town.

    Exercise-1

    Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each.

    Do not alter the meaning. 1.Jaipur is one of the most beautiful cities. [Begin: Very few…..]

    2.Macbeth is the best play I have ever seen. [Begin: Macbeth is better….]

    3.Raghu is one of the tallest boys in the class. [Begin: Very few…..]

    4.Very few cities in the world are as big as Tokyo. [Begin: Tokyo……]

    5.David Copperfield is the best book that I have ever read. [Begin: No other….]

    6.No other democracy in the world is as large as India. [Begin: India is the largest..]

    7.I have never seen so big a diamond as this. [End: ……that I have ever seen]

    8.Helen of Troy was more beautiful than any other woman.[Begin: No other…..]

    9.Hyderabad is one of the biggest of Indian cities.[ End:……..as big as Hyderabad]

    10.Australia is the largest island in the world. [ End:……. other island in the world]

    Exercise-2

    Change the Degrees of Comparison without changing the meanings:

    1. Malacca is the oldest town in Malaysia. 2. Peter is cleverer than any other boy in the class. 3. Jupiter is the biggest of all planets. 4. Very few boys are as industrious as John. 5. Shakespeare was greater than any other playwright. 6. Asoka was one of the greatest Indian kings. 7. Greenland is the largest island in the world. 8. Lead is heavier than any other metal.

  • 9. Very few animals are as useful as the cow. 10. Abdul is as strong as Amar.

    Exercise-3

    Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make

    other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence.

    1. I am as tall as he is. [Use: ‘taller’ instead of ‘tall’] 2. Mumbai is one of the richest cities in India. [Use ‘rich’ instead of ‘richest’] 3. Anita is not as good a singer as Avanti. [Use: ‘than’] 4. Riya is as intelligent as Siya. [ Use: ‘more intelligent’] 5. Akbar was one of the greatest kings.[Use: ‘great’] 6. Some boys are at least as industrious as Karim. [ Use: ‘most industrious’] 7. Bengaluru is cooler than Mysore. [ Use: ‘cool’] 8. No other bowler in the team is so good as Rama. [Use: ‘better’] 9. This newspaper has a bigger circulation than any other morning paper.[Use: ’big’] 10. Very few cities in India are as big as Chennai. [Use: ‘biggest’]

    Note: Dear students,kindly also keep working on the assignments given in

    your English Grammar workbook Chapter 15 (page no.229 and 23