Civil war (main battles)


Transcript of Civil war (main battles)

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1. Taxes on imported goods (North tried to make them as high as possible to protect its industry, the South wanted to trade freely with the world).

2. Problems around slavery (can we count runaway slaves as free people in free states, should punish people who providing them with shelter, can southern states forbid in its territory free blacks, etc.).

3. The situation was not static: U.S. exciting new territory, and there were disputes regarding the constitution of each of the future state in the first place - there is a new free or slave state. The coming to power of Lincoln, declared that all new states would be free, meant for the southern states remain in a minority perspective in the future play in Congress on all contentious issues North.

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Union - President: Abraham Lincoln

General: Ulysses S. Grant

Confederacy – President: Jefferson Davis

General: Robert E. Lee

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The officially beginning of the war

Bombing Fort Sumter, Charleston, South Carolina

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1. The South seceded the Union

2. Confederate Forces attacked Federal Fort

3. President Lincoln called on Volunteers to put down the southern rebellion

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The First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas)

Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891)

Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson (1824-1863) ("Stonewall“)

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1. North hoped for a quick victory, wanted to capture Richmond- Confederate Capital

2. Confederate troops defeated the Union and forced them to retreat

3. North realized that t wouldn’t be ninety-day war

Battlefield of Bull Run

Rebel Yell and Stone Wall Jackson

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General War Order Number 1

Lincoln had grown weary with excuses and delays and he was now demanding action. He thought it crucial that the Confederacybe attacked hard at different points simultaneously. Attacks occurring at the same time would prevent the Confederates making use of their shorter interior lines to reinforce stressed locations. Since the Battle of Bull Run six months earlier, Union forces had made nothing but disjointed and ineffective probes at the Confederate lines.

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General George B. McClellan (1826-1885) ignored the order.

General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885)

Accept Union offensive

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Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland)

1. Bloodiest single day of war

2. 25000 soldiers wounded or killed

3. Confederate retreated back to Virginia (Lee)

4. McClellan was cautious and Union didn’t pursue Confederate Forces

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Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation from a position of strength.

The Emancipation Proclamation is signed.

1. Lincoln used the Victory at Antietam to announce the Emancipation Proclamation

2. This Proclamation ENDED SLAVERY by the end of the year

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The Battle of Gettysburg.

1. Union forces meet in a small little Village of Gettysburg.

2. Union attacked the Confederate forces, lasted 3 days

3. Turning point- Lee’s army never was able to go on offensive against the North

4. Confederate lost 28000

Union lost 23000

5. President Lincoln gave his famous Gattysburg Adress

(2 min Adress honoring all Soldiers that fell at Gattysburg)

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Battle of Vicksburg

1. July 4, 1863, the day the fighting ended at Gettysburg

2. Union General-Ulysses S. Grant captured Vicksburg, the last remaining confederate Stronghold on the Mississipi- Cutting the Confederacy into two. Cut off their supply route. Confederation surrendered after a month and a half.

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"Bloody Kansas" wars

William C. Quantrill

"Bloody Bill" Anderson

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Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction

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Sherman’s March to the sea

1. Grant ordered William Sherman to capture Atlanta, Georgia

2. Georgia- the industrial Center of Confederacy

3. He ordered factories/ railroads to be burned

4. Destruction occurred

5. Helped Lincoln get reelected

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Surrender of Confederation

1. April 1865, Richmond fell to the Union (capital of the Confederacy)

2. Lee surrendered to Grand at Appomattox Courthouse, Virgina

3. Jefferson Davis wanted to continue the fight, but Lee sent his soldiers home

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While watching a comedy at Ford's Theatre, Lincoln is shot and mortally wounded by the actor John Wilkes Booth, a southern patriot.

He was the first American president to be assassinate

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1. Prohibition of slavery was enshrined 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which came into force on December 18, 1865.

2. The country has created the conditions for accelerated development of industrial and agricultural production, development of the western lands, strengthening the domestic market. Authority in the country passed to the bourgeoisie northeastern states. War does not solve all the problems facing the country. Some of them have found a solution in the Reconstruction of the South, which lasted until 1877. Others, including the provision of black population equal rights with whites, remained unresolved for decades.

3. The Civil War was the bloodiest war in the history of the United States (on all fronts of the Second World War, despite its worldwide scope and destructiveness of weapons of XX century, Americans were losing less).

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Pierre G. T. Beauregard (1 -1893)

Winfield Scott

General Fremont

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Albert S. Johnston (1803-1862)

Henry W. Halleck (1815-1872)

James Longstreet (1821-1904)

John Pope (1822-1892)

General Burnside (1824-1881)

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Joseph Hooker (1814— 1879)

George Meade (1815-1872)

William Rosencrans (1819-1898)

George H. Thomas (1816-1870)

Braxton Bragg (1817-1876)

Jubal Early (1816-1894)

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Lew Wallace (1827-1905).

John B. Hood (1831—1879)

David Farragut (1801-1870)

Philip Sheridan (1831-1888)