Chien Luoc Viet Ielts

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    IELTSAcademic Writing Paper

    English Language CentreThe Hong Kong Polytechnic University

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    Test Format and Tasks

    Format and Tasks Strategies and Examples

    Further Help References Questions

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    Test Format

    Test Formato Writing Module lasts 60 minutes.o Two tasks:-

    Task 1 20 minutes, 150 words.

    Task 2 40 minutes, 250 words. Words are counted by the examiners, so dont write too many

    or too few words. Tip - learn how many words you usually write on a line, and

    how many lines = 150 and 250 words, so you dont waste timecounting words in the test.

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    Test Format and Tasks - Answers

    Answerso Must be written on the answer sheet.o Must be written in full.o

    Notes are not acceptable as answers.o Notes may be made on the question paper,but cannot be taken from the test room.

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    Test Format and Tasks Task 1

    Task 1: (20 minutes, 150 words)o Interpret a diagram or table, and present the

    information in your own words. Organise, present and possibly compare data

    e.g. money people spend on different forms of entertainment. Describe stages of a procedure or process

    e.g. the stages of human evolution. Describe on object or event or series of events

    e.g. How the water cycle works. Explain how something works

    e.g. How a car engine works.

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    Test Format and Tasks Task 2

    Task 2 (40 minutes, 250 words)o presented with a point of view or argument or

    problem. Present and justify an opinion

    e.g. Do you think trial by jury should be used in all criminal cases? Compare and contrast evidence, opinions and implications

    e.g. How effective is it to reward good work with extra money? Evaluate and challenge ideas, evidence or an argument

    e.g. Failure shows desire wasnt strong enough. To what extent doyou agree?

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    Test Format and Tasks:Assessment Criteria

    General Points You must respond appropriately in terms of:

    Register formality and politeness; e.g. no shortforms

    Organisation clear and logical Style academic; e.g. no rhetorical questions, no

    exclamations, no extreme opinions, use tentativeexpressions such as this appears to be this isprobably due to

    Content relevant and complete

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    Test Format and Tasks - Topics

    Example Task Topics:

    Recommended Materials in CILLo

    Issues in English CD-ROMo Time, Newsweek and The Economist magazines

    (also on the Internet)

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    Test Format and Tasks Task 1

    Considerations for Task 1 include:o Task Fulfillment answering the question

    completelyo

    Coherence e.g. Firstly, Secondly, Finallyo Cohesion e.g. this, it, he, and, but andsynonyms

    o Vocabulary good range, appropriateo Sentence Structure concise but not

    simplistic; e.g. correct use of relative clauses.

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    Example of Task 1

    You shouldspend about20 minutes on

    this task.

    The graphbelow showsthe different

    modes oftransport usedto travel to andfrom work inone European

    city in 1950,1970 and

    Academic Writing - Writing Task 1

    Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown.You should write at least 150 words.

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    xamp e o as

    With a partner:

    Identify the maintrends for eachmode.

    Identify any largeincreases ordecreases.

    Are there anyclear andconsistentdirections?

    Does anythingseem surprising?

    Are there anyclear relationshipsbetween modes orpercentages?

    Academic Writing - Writing Task 1

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    Possible Answer for Task 1Full Answer

    The graph shows the percentage of travellers in a European city who usedbus, car, bike and foot to commute to and from work in the years 1950, 1970and 1990.The amount of people using cars grew considerably, rising from just over 5%in 1950 to 25% in 1970, and then climbing to almost 40% by 1990.However, the amount of people using bikes decreased. Over 25% of

    commuters cycled in 1950, but this had fallen to less than 10% by 1990.Similarly, the amount of people who walked to work fell from more than a thirdin 1950 to about 10% in 1990.The amount of people using buses initially rose in 1970 to about 30%, but haddropped to about 17% by 1990.The graph indicates the growing use of cars for commuting and the

    corresponding fall in the popularity of other modes of transport since 1950.

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    Possible Answer for Task 1 -Introduction

    Answer:The graph shows thepercentage of travellers

    in a European city whoused bus, car, bike andfoot to commute to andfrom work in the years1950, 1970 and 1990.

    Instructions:

    The graph belowshows the differentmodes of transportused to travel toand from work inone European cityin 1950, 1970 and1990.

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    Possible Answer for Task 1 - Cars

    Answer:The amount ofpeople usingcars grew

    considerably,rising from justover 5% in 1950to 25% in 1970,and then

    climbing toalmost 40% by1990.

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    Possible Answer for Task 1 Bikesand Walkers

    Answer:However, theamount ofpeople using

    bikes decreased.Over 25% ofcommuterscycled in 1950,

    but this hadfallen to lessthan 10% by1990. Similarly,the amount of people who walked to work fell frommore than a third in 1950 to about 10% in 1990.

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    Possible Answer for Task 1 - Buses

    Answer:The amountof people

    using busesinitially rose in1970 to about30%, but had

    dropped toabout 17% by1990.

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    Possible Answer for Task 1Conclusion

    Answer:The graphindicates thegrowing use of

    cars forcommuting andthecorresponding

    fall in thepopularity ofother modes oftransport since

    1950.

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    Test Format and Tasks Task 2

    Task 2 is assessed on:o Quality of Arguments logical, well-consideredo Ideas and Evidence support your pointso Communicative Qualityo Vocabulary and Sentence Structure

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    Example of Task 2

    Read the question carefully and read it several times.Decide what the focus of the task is?The first sentence is sometimes backgroundinformation, the focus of the essay and the questioncome after. For example:

    Some businesses now say that no one can smokecigarettes in any of their offices. Some governments havebanned smoking in all public places.This is a good idea but it takes away some of ourfreedom.Do you agree or disagree?

    Decide what the task requires you do.

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    Strategies - Organisation

    Organisation After you have produced your ideas, you need

    to organise them. Do not produce a list of ideas without

    development. Decide on the key ideas. How many ideas can

    you cover in 150 or 250 words? Select some supporting points for each key

    idea in your list. Think about your own experience do you have

    any further points to add.

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    Strategies Content

    Respond to each point mentioned in thetask.

    o Your answer must be complete.o Make sure you do not:

    misunderstand the question;e.g. smoking in Government offices

    write about something not required in the question;e.g. banning smoking completely

    answer only half of the topic;e.g. you write about is it a good idea, but dontwrite about freedom.

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    Strategies - Planning

    Allow some time to think about the question.o note down clear and relevant ideaso make a brief plan of the organisation and content of your answer.

    For example: Intro smoking in businesses & Govt. - good idea, freedom? Smoking in businesses

    Good idea?Smokers may work better if they can smoke

    Passive smoking objections from other staff Takes away freedom? Businesses have the right to limit staff activities

    Govt. limitations on smoking in public places Good idea?

    Costs to society - Passive smoki