Chiếc xe Lexus và cây Ô liu (typing telex)

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CHIEECS XE LEXUS VAF CAAY OLIU Thomas L.Friedman Washington DC 1/02/1999 LOWIF MOWR DDAAU: THEES GIOWIS 10 NAWM TUOOIR Thaatj buwcj minhf chungs ta khoong cos vieecj gif ddeer lamf owr Nga hay chaaus A. chungs ta chir cos theer kinh doanh conr con trong phamj vi quoocs gia ddeer coos gawngs tawng truwowngr nhuwng chungs ta bij ngawn canr bowir cachs maf cacs chinhs phur ddieeuf hanhf quoocs gia. - Douglas Hanson, Giams ddoocs ddieeuf hanhf coong ty Rocky Mountain Internet ddax nois nhuw vaayj treen Tapj chis phoos Wall sau cuoocj khungr hoangr taif chinhs daay chuyeenf nawm 1998 buoocj coong ty cuar oong phair hoanx vieecj phats hanhf ddowtj trais phieeus voo danh trij gias 175 trieeuj USD. Rangj sangs ngayf 8/12/1997, chinhs phur Thais Lan tuyeen boos ddongs cuwar 56 treen toongr soos 58 coong ty taif chinhs hangf ddaauf. Chir qua mootj ddeem, cacs ngaan hangf tuw nhaan nayf ddax rowi vaof tinhf trangj phas sanr do suwj maats gias cuar ddoongf nooij teej (ddoongf Bath). Cacs coong ty taif chinhs vay mootj luwowngj lowns tieenf bawngf dollar Myx sau ddos cho cacs doanh nghieepj Thais vay laij ddeer xaay duwngj khachs sanj, vawn phongf, nhuwngx toaf ddiaj oocs sang

trongj vaf cacs nhaf mays. Taats car hoj ddeeuf nghix rangf minhf dduwowcj an toanf bowir chinhs phur ddax cam keets giuwx chawtj tyr gias coos ddinhj giuwax ddoongf Bath vaf ddoongf dollar Myx. Tuy nhieen chinhs phur khoong lamf dduwowcj ddieeuf ddos, tieeps sau ddos laf cacs hoatj ddoongj ddaauf cow dduwowcj thuwcj hieenj choongs laij ddoongf Bath thif cacs giowis thuwowng nhaan hieeur rawngf neenf kinh tees cuar hoj khoong heef khoer manhj nhuw hoj voons nghix. Ddoongf nooij teej ddax giamr towis 30% gias trij ddoongf Bath cho mooix mootj ddoongf voons vay. Nhieeuf coong ty khoong conf khar nawng trar nowj cho cacs coong ty taif chinhs, cacs coong ty taif chinhs khoong theer trar nowj cho cacs chur nowj nuwowcs ngoaif vaf keets quar laf toanf booj heej thoongs rowi vaof khungr hoangr, khieens 20.000 nhaan vieen vawn phongf maats vieecj lamf. Mootj ngayf sau ddos, tooi lais xe towis mootj cuoocj henj owr Bangkok, phoos Asoke- dduwowcj vis laf phoos Wall cuar Thailand, nowi maf haauf heets cacs coong ty taif chinhs phaps sanr ddongs truj sowr. Chungs tooi chaamf chaamj lais xe qua tuwngf coong ty chuwngs khoans vaf trais phieeus Mehicoo, ddeer tieenf duwowis mooix taams neemj hoawcj kets an toanf ddeer hoj cos theer timf thaays. Suwj xupj ddoor cuar thij truwowngf Braxin vaf baats kyf thij truwowngf mowis nooir naof khacs gaay ra phanr uwngs daay chuyeenf ddoois vowis trais phieeus kho bacj Myx khieens cho laix suaats maf chinhs phur Myx dduwa ra ddeer thu huts cacs nhaf ddaauf cow giamr xuoongs

ddoongf thowif lamf tawng gias trij trais phieeus cuar Myx vaf trais phieeus khacs cungx nhuw suwj tawng gias treen nhuwngx thij truwowngf trais phieeus mowis nooir. Suwj sutj giamr quas manhj cuar trais phieeus Kho bacj Myx cungx taoj ra phanr uwngs daay chuyeenf lamf tee lieetj hoatj ddoongj cuar quyx phongf nguwaf ruir ro vaf cacs ngaan hangf ddaauf tuw. Vis duj nhuw truwowngf howpj Coong ty quanr lys voons daif hanj LTCM ddongs taij Greenwich, Connecticut. LTCM laf coong ty mej cuar taats car cacs quyx phongf nguwaf ruir ro. Do nhieeuf quyx phongf nguwaf bawts ddaauf tham gia vaof thuwowng truwowngf cuoois nhuwngx nawm 80 neen canhj tranh trong khu vuwcj nayf khas gay gawts. Moij nguwowif ddeeuf choopj laays cow hooij. DDeer kieems dduwowcj tieenf trong boois canhr canhj tranh gay gawts nhuw vaayj, cacs quyx phongf nguwaf ddax phair ddanhs cuoocj may ruir. LTCM ddax nhowf towis hai nhaf kinh tees hocj ddoatj giair thuwowngr Nobel, nhuwngx nguwowif ddax chir ra suwj leen xuoongs cuar chuwngs khoans vaf trais phieeus cos theer duwj ddoans dduwowcj tuwf trong quas khuws. Vowis vieecj suwr dungj moo hinhf mays tinhs vaf vay tuwf nhieeuf ngaan hangf khacs nhau, LTCM ddax ddawtj cuwowcj 120 tyr USC vaof trof chowi may ruir vowis hy vongj rawngf gias cuar cacs loaij trais phieeus Kho bacj Myx sex giamr vaf gias cuar cacs loaij trais phieeus voo danh vaf trais phieeus cuar cacs thij truwownf mowis nooir khacs sex tawng. Tuy nhieen moo hinhf mays tinhs cuar LTCM chuwa bao giowf duwj

ddoans suwj kieenj naof cos anhr huwowngr toanf caauf tuwowng tuwj neen khoong luwowngf dduwowcj suwj supj ddoor cuar Nga hooif thangs 8. Keets quar laf LTCM thua cuoocj. Khi toanf booj thees giowis ddaauf tuw rowi vaof khungr hoangr vaf ddoor doonf timf mua trais phieeus Myx, gias loaij trais phieeus nayf ddax tawng manhj thay vif sutj giamr trong khi gias cuar cacs loaij trais phieeus khacs laij giamr thay vif tawng. LTCM gioongs nhuw mootj cais xuwowng ddonf chiuj tacs ddoongj tuwf nhieeuf phias truwf phaanf goocs. Vaf ddax phair nhowf towis suwj giups ddowx cuar ngaan hangf ddeer tranhs tinhf trangj bans toongs bans thaos toanf booj soos trais phieeus vaf chuwngs khoans ddang nawms giuwx trong boois canhr toanf thij truwowngf taif chinhs thij truwowngf laamf vafo khungr hoangr daay chuyeenf. Baay giowf chungs ta sex trowr laij vowis caau chuyeenj cuar khu phoos tooi. Ddaauf thangs 8/1998, tooi ddax ddaauf tuw mootj khoan tieenf vaof ngaan hangf Internet mowis mowr cuar mootj nguwowif banj. Meenhj gias coor phieeus mowis ddaauf laf 14,5 USD/coor phieeus sau ddos ddax tawng leen 27 USD. Tooi camr thaays nhuw mootj giaacs mow. Nhuwng sau suwj kieenj supj ddoor owr Nga vaf gaay ra phanr uwngs daay chuyeenf, gias coor phieeus cuar coong ty banj tooi chir conf 8 USD. Taij sao nhuw vaayj? Ddos laf vif ngaan hangf cuar anh ta giuwx raats nhieeuf taif sanr thees chaaps. Vowis suwj supj ddoor cuar laix suaats Myx, moij nguwowif door xoo mua trais phieeus kho bacj Myx. Nhieeuf nguwowif ddax lo ngaij

rawngf moij nguwowif sex thanh lys taif sanr thees chaaps. Neeus quar thuwcj moij suwj dieenx ra nhuw vaayj, ngaan hangf cuar banj tooi sex khoong ddur suwcs trang trair cho cacs khachs hangf huy ddoongj voons. Song treen thuwcj tees duwj baos thij truwowngf ddax sai vaf gias coor phieeus cuar coong ty laij tawng daanf. Ddaauf nawm 1999, mootj laanf nuwax tooi laij cos camr giacs nhuw ddang soongs trong mow khi taapj ddoanf Amazon.com Internet bawts dddaauf phats trieenr vaf chus ys towis coor phieeus cuar ngaan hangf banj tooi, gias coor phieeus ddax tawng raats manhj. Gias cuar cacs loaij coor phieeus coong ngheej khacs maf chungs tooi cos cungx tawng manhj. Nhuwng mootj laanf nuwax ddieeuf nayf ddax khoong keos daif truwowcs khi car thees giowis muoons duwj tieecj. Thowif gian ddos, thay vif suwj supj ddoor cuar thij truwowngf chuwngs khoans Nga laf suwj supj ddoor cuar thij truwowngf chuwngs khoans Braxin vaf cacs thij truwowngf Myx, kimf hamx toocs ddooj phats trieenr cuar coor phieeus Internet. Tooi theo doix toanf booj suwj kieenj nayf vaf taats car ddieeuf maf tooi cos theer nghix towis laf phair maats chins thangs suwj kieenj dieenx ra owr phoos Asoke mowis anhr huwowngr towis phoos tooi conf anhr huwowngr cuar Amazon Braxin (Amazon country) towis Amazon.com chir dieenx ra trong vongf mootj tuaanf. Towf baos Nuwowcs Myx ngayf nay (USA Today) ddax toongr keets thuwowng truwowngf thees giowis thowif ddieemr cuoois nawm 1998 bawngf mootj caau raats

chinhs xacs: Khungr hoangr lan sang lucj ddiaj nayf sau khi dieenx ra owr lucj ddiaj kia gioongs nhuw suwjlaay lan cuar virus. Cacs thij truwowngf Myx phanr uwngs ngay laapj tuwcs.Trong tieemj cawts tocs nguwowif ta cungx banf luaanj veef ddoongf Bath cuar Thais Lan. Neeus khoong ddeef caapj towis vaans ddeef naof khacs thif chir rieeng caau chuyeenj tuwf phoos Asoke towis phoos tooi vaf tuwf Amazon.country towis Amazon.com cungx ddur ddeer tooi vaf nhieeuf nguwowif khacs nghix veef thees giowis ngayf nay. Heej thoongs chieens tranh lanhj chaamj chapj, kieen coos, chia cawts thoongs trij thuwowng maij quoocs tees tuwf nawm 1945 daanf daanf dduwowcj thay thees bawngf mootj heej thoongs mowis thoong suoots, keets noois toanf caauf maf chungs ta goij laf toanf caauf hoas. Taats car chungs ta ddang owr treen cungf mootj dongf soong. Neeus khoong hieeur rox boois canhr cuar nawm 1989 khi buwcs tuwowngf Berlin supj ddoor thif baor ddamr rawngf mootj thaapj kyr sau ddos chungs ta ddax am hieeur tuwowngf taanj. Quar thuwcj, ngayf 11/10/ 1998, khi cuoocj khungr hoangr kinh tees toanf caauf leen ddeens 4 ddinhr ddieemr, Merrill Lynch ddax ddawng mootj baif quangr caos ddaayf trang treen cacs towf baos lowns treen toanf nuwowcs Myx vowis tieeu ddeef: Thees giowis muwowif nawm tuooir. Ddos laf thees giowis dduwowcj khai sinh sau khi buwcs tuwowngf Berlin supj ddoor nawm 1989. Khoong ai ngacj nhieen veef mootj neenf kinh tees conf quas non trer mowis phooi thai neenf kinh tees toanf caauf. Nhuwngx

thawng traafm, kieemr nghieemj ddax chuwngs tor rawngf suwj oonr ddinhj cuar cacs neenf kinh tees tuyf thuoocj vaof thowif gian. Nhieeuf thij truwowngf treen thees giowis mowis chir mowr cuwar tuwj do gaanf ddaay, truwowcs ddaay bij thoongs trij bowir ys muoons chur quan cuar con nguwowif chuws khoong phair cuar nhaf nuwowcs. Tuwf nowi chungs ta ngooif, mootj thaapj nieen truwowcs ddaay, khoong ai thooi duwj ddoans veef suwj supj ddoor cuar mootj thees giowis khoong tuwowngf chawns. Song suwj phats trieenr cuar cacs thij truwowngf tuwj do vaf daan chur treen toanf thees giowis cho pheps moij nguwowif owr baats cuws nowi naof cungx cos theer kyf vongj vaof nhuwngx thanhf coong trong tuwowng lai. Vaf coong ngheej phats trieenr trowr thanhf suwcs manhj, khoong chir xoas bor ranh giowis veef mawtj ddiaj lys maf conf xoas bor nhuwngx ngawn cachs giuwax moij nguwowif. Duwowngf nhuw sau 10 nawm, thees giowis tieeps tucj huwas henj nhieeuf ddieeuf mowis. Vaf khoong ai cos theer nois rawngf tawng truwowngr laf deex dangf. Quar thuwcj, baif baos cuar Merill Lynch ddax ddungs phaanf naof khi cho rawngf toanf caauf hoas ddax tronf 10 tuooir. Vif tuwf nhuwngx thaapj kyr 1800 ddeens 1920, thees giowis cungx ddax tuwngf trair qua thowif kyf toanf caauf hoas. Neeus so sanhs khoois luwowngj thuwowng maij vaf dongf voons chayr giuwax cacs quoocs gia vowis GNP vaf dongf lao ddoongj di cuw vowis daan soos, quas trinhf toanf caauf hoas truwowcs Thees chieens laanf

thuws 1 gaanf gioongs vowis nhuwngx gif maf chungs tad dang soongs hoom nay. Vuwowng quoocs Anh, sau ddos thoongs trij toanf caauf, laf nhaf ddaauf tuw lowns nhaats vaof nhuwngx thij truwowngf mowis nooir.Nhuwngx tuw banr keechs xuf owr Anh, chaau Aau, vaf Myx thuwowngf bij ddanhs baij bowir cacs cuoocj khungr hoangr taif chinhs, chaam ngoif bawngf suwj kieenj trais phieeus dduwowngf sawts Argentina hay trais phieeus chinhs phur Latvia, trais phieeus chinhs phur DDuwcs. Khoong cos suwj kieemr soats tieenf teej vaf vif thees nawm 1866 tuy khoong cos caps xuyeen Ddaij Taay Duwowng song nhuwngx cuoocj khungr hoangr taif chinhs vaf ngaan hangf owr New York cungx nhanh chongs anhr huwowngr towis London hay Paris. Tooi ddax laanf nois chuyeenj vowis John Monks, nguwowif dduwngs ddaauf Lieen ddoanf thuwowng nghieepj Anh, AFLCIO owr Anh, nguwowif ddax cho rawngf chuwowng trinhf nghij suwj cuar Quoocs hooij laanf thuws nhaats TUC owr Manchester, Anh nawm 1868 cos nhieeuf vaans ddeef caanf thaor luaanj: Ddieeuf caanf thieets laf phair giair quyeets vaans ddeef canhj tranh owr cacs nuwowcs thuoocj ddiaj chaau As vaf Caanf phair hocj taapj cacs tieeu chuaanr giaos ducj vaf ddaof taoj cuar Myx vaf Dduwcs. Vaof thowif ddieemr ddos, ddax xayr ra hieenj tuwowngj di daan nhieeuf hown chungs ta nghix vaf trong thowif kyf chieens tranh, truwowcs 1914, cacs nuwowcs khoong yeeu caauf phair cos hooj chieeus khi ddi du lichj. Nhuwngx nguwowif daan di cuw sang Myx maf

khoong caanf phair cos visa. Khi banj gawns keets cacs nhaan toos laij vowis nhau cungf vowis nhuwngx phats minh sangs ches tauf thuyr chayj bawngf ddoongj cow howi nuwowcs, ddieenj baos, dduwowngf sawts vaf cuoois cungf laf ddieenj thoaij banj cos theer nois rawngf kyr nguyeen ddaauf tieen cuar toanf caauf hoas truwowcs chieens tranh thees giowis laanf thuws nhaats ddax thu hepj thees giowis roongj lowns thanhf mootj thees giowis quy moo vuwaf. Kyr nguyeen ddaauf cuar toanf caauf hoas vaf chur nghiax tuw banr taif chinhs thees giowis ddax bij phas vowx bawngf cuoocj cachs mangj thangs 10 Nga vaf supj ddoor cuar chur nghiax ddees quoocs. Thees giowis dduwowcj phaan chia laij. Conf vieecj phaan chia laij thees giowis sau Thees chieens II khoong thuwcj hieenj dduwowcj vif chieens tranh lanhj. Chieens tranh lanhj cungx laf mootj heej thoongs quoocs tees, keos daif tuwf nawm 1945 ddeens 1989 khi buwcs tuwowngs Berlin supj ddoor vaf thay heej thoongs nayf bawngf mootj heej thoongs mowis: kyr nguyeen mowis cuar toanf caauf hoas maf chungs ta ddang soongs Toanf caauf hoas laanf II. Nhuw vaayj keer tuwf lucs mowis khai sinh, toanf caauf hoas bij gians ddoanj 75 nawm bawts ddaauf bawngf Chieens tranh thees giowis thuws nhaats vaf keets thucs bawngf Cuoocj chieens tranh lanhj. Cos raats nhieeuf ddieemr gioongs nhau giuwax quas trinhf toanf caauf hoas truwowcs ddaay vaf quas trinhf toanf caauf hoas chungs ta ddang soongs hieenj nay. Ddieeuf

mowis cos chawng chir laf quy moo vaf cuwowngf ddooj toanf caauf hoas. Vaf cais mowis nuwax laf soos luwowngj nguwowif vaf soos nuwowcs tham gia vaof quas trinhf toanf caauf hoas cungx nhuw chiuj anhr huwowngr cuar quas trinhf nayf. Toanf caauf hoas truwowcs 1914 dieenx ra cos ver vowis cuwowngf ddooj khas manhj nhuwng khoong cos suwj tham duwj cuar cacs nuwowcs ddang phats trieenr. Quy moo cuar toanf caauf hoas trong thowif gian ddos cungx lowns hown song khoong manhj nhuw ngayf nay. Nawm 1900, giao dichj ngoaij hoois hangf ngayf leen towis hangf trieeuj dollar. Trong khi ddos, Theo Cucj duwj truwx lieen bang New York, nawm 1992 con soos treen ddawtj 820 tyr USD, thangs 4/1998 laf 1,5 nghinf tyr USD mooix ngayf vaf conf tawng nuwax. Thaapj kyr vuwaf qua, chir tinhs rieeng cho vay quoocs tees cuar cacs ngaan hangf treen toanf thees giowis ddax tawng leen gaaps ddooi. Nawm 1900, dongf voons ddaauf tuw chayr tuwf cacs nuwowcs phats trieenr sang cacs nuwowcs ddang phats trieenr tinhs bawngf hangf trawm trieeuj dollar vaf chir mootj soos its nuwowcs tham gia vaof quas trinhf luaan chuyeenr voons nayf. Theo thoongs kee cuar IMF, chir tinhs rieeng nawm 1997, dongf ddaauf tuw tuwf cacs nuwowcs phats trieenr sang cacs thij truwowngf mowis nooir ddatj 215 tyr USD. So vowis kyr nguyeen toanf caauf hoas truwowcs ddaay dduwowcj xaay duwngj bawngf vieecj cawts giamr chi phis vaanj chuyeenr. Nhowf nhuwngx sangs kieen, sangs chees dduwowngf sawts xe luwar, tauf thuyr chayj bawngf

ddoongj cow howi nuwowcs vaf oo too, moij nguwowif cos theer ddi ddeens moij nowi vaf cacs giao dichj thuwowng maij dieenx ra cungx nhanh, rer hown. Conf toanf caauf hoas ngayf nay dduwowcj xaay duwngj vowis vieecj cawts giamr chi phis vieenx thoong nhowf vi machj, veej tinh, caps quang vaf internet. Nhuwngx coong ngheej mowis nayf cos theer keets noois thees giowis cha...