Chapter Three: Classical Greece and the Hellenistic Period

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Chapter Three: Classical Greece and the Hellenistic Period. Culture and Values, 7 th Ed. Cunningham and Reich. Music in the Classical Period. Popularity of instrumental music Doctrine of Ethos Plato Aristotle Pythagorean principals Octaves, fourths, tetrachords, modes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Chapter Three:Classical Greece and theHellenistic PeriodCulture and Values, 7th Ed.Cunningham and Reich

  • Music in the Classical PeriodPopularity of instrumental musicDoctrine of EthosPlatoAristotlePythagorean principalsOctaves, fourths, tetrachords, modesRhythmic instrumentationMusical notation

  • Fifth Century B.C.E.:Sculpture and Vase PaintingNaturalism, realismMyrons Discus ThrowerNew standard of human beautyProportion, symmetry, balanceRiace BronzesPolykleitos of Argos, The CanonFocus on individual Emotional responsesDeath and mourning

  • Plucked instrumentsCitharaPhorminxLyra Epigonion BarbitonPandouris

  • Lyre

  • Epigonion

  • Collection of plucked instruments

  • The Aulos

  • Aulos is Art

  • Aulos player on a vase

  • Polykleitos, Doryphoros

  • Fifth Century B.C.E.: ArchitectureTemple of Zeus at OlympiaPost-Persian War (470-456 B.C.E.)Proportion and interrelationshipsDivine justice

  • Fifth Century B.C.E.: Architecture The AcropolisPericles building programDelian League fundsPhidias (449 B.C.E.)ParthenonProportion, balanceIdeal beauty in realistic termsPropylaeaErechtheumPorch of the Maidens (caryatids)

  • [Image 3.18]Porch of the Maidens

  • Fourth Century B.C.E.: The Visual ArtsRealism and emotionFate of the individual (Plato)PraxitelesFemale body = object of beautyScopasEmotion and intensityLysippusPortraiture, scale

  • The Hellenistic PeriodDivision of Macedonian EmpireSyria, Egypt, Pergamum, MacedoniaSpread of Greek influenceArtistic freedom vs. Classical orderNew patrons = new artistic rolesAltar of Zeus at PergamumLaoconReturn to Classic principles

  • Chapter Three: Discussion QuestionsIn what ways can the manifestation of chaos, confusion, and uncertainty be seen in art from the Classical and/or Hellenistic periods? Explain, citing specific examples.What is the Classical Ideal? In what works is this ideal best illustrated? Explain.Compare the Acropolis with the buildings at Pergamum. How does each entity symbolize the cultural attitudes of its time and locale? Explain.What role did drama and music play in the lives of the Greeks? How were the two forms interrelated?

    **Euripides was criticized for his lack of form & symmetry and the over-emotionalism of his music (not his verse)

    **3.5 Myron, Discobolos (Discus Thrower). Roman copy of bronze original of c. 450 BCE. Marble, 51 (156.5 cm) high. Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome, Italy// Scala/Art Resource, NY*3.6 Warrior, c. 460-450 bce. From the sea off Riace, Italy. Bronze with glass, bone, silver, and copper inlay, 66 (2 m) high. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Reggio Calabria, Italy// Scala/Art Resource, NYPolykleitos one of the greatest Classical SculptorsDevised the Canon- a mathematical system of precise relationships between various parts of the body to form proportion

    **3.8 Reed Painter, Warrior Seated at His Tomb, late 5th century bce. White-ground lekythos, 1878 (48 cm) high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens, Greece// Nimatallah/Art Resource, NY***3.13 Ictinus and Callicrates, The Parthenon, 447432 bce. Parthenon. Column height 34 (10.36 m), Acropolis, Athens, Greece. Diagram after Andrew Stewart. Contemporary photo William Katz/Photo Researchers, Inc.*3.18 Porch of the Maidens, Erechtheum, 421406 bce. Caryatids 77 (2.31 m) high. Acropolis, Athens, Greece// Altrendo/Getty Images**3.22 Lysippus, Apoxyomenos (The Scraper), c. 330 bce. Marble, 69 (2.06 m) high. Roman copy after bronze original. Vatican Museums and Galleries, Rome, Italy// SuperStock, Inc./SuperStock*3.23 Theodoros of Phokaia, the Tholos of the Sanctuary of Athena Pronaia, c. 390 bce. Marble and limestone, diameter of cella 28258 (8.6 m). Delphi, Greece// Robert Everts/Getty Images***3.28 Agesander, Athenodorus, and Polydorus of Rhodes, Laocon, early 1st century ce. Marble, 71012 (2.4 m) high. Museo Pio Clementino, Vatican Museums, Vatican State// Scala/Art Resource, NY*