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Chapter 8 Phase equilibria and potential phase diagrams
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### Transcript of Chapter 8 Phase equilibria and potential phase diagrams.

• Chapter 8 Phase equilibria and potential phase diagrams

• as mentioned in Chapter 1- a particular state of equil identified by giving the values to state variables c+2 variables must be given the rest are dependent- equil state of system : represented by a point in a c+2 dim diagram, all pts in such a diagram represent possible states state diagram (but, giving no information) thus, by sectioning at constant values of c+1 variables and plotting a dependent variable as another axis property diagram Fig. 1.1

- the line itself represents the property of the system property diagram

• fundamental property diagram:the relation of c+2 intensive var is plotted in c+2 dim space relation of G-D eq results in a surface or a if c > 1 representing thermo properties of the sys such a diagram, with the surface included regarded as property diagram of special interest, because it is composed of a complete set of (T, P, i) fundamental property diagram potential diagram

• ex) T-P diagram for one comp A, with one phase a SdT-VdP+Nidi=0 (G-D eq) becoming SdT-VdP+NAdA=0

the equil state completely determined by giving values to T, P (by giving a pt in T-P diagram) state diagram A can be calculated from G-D and plotted as a surface above the T-P state diagram yielding a 3D diagram property diagram A=Gm=Gm(T, P) : equation of state fundamental property diagram in unary sys, G =iNi = ANA A = G/NA =Gm for a higher-order system, 1= 1(T, P, 2, 3, )

• - for A, possible two phases (a, b) mAa, mAb at each G-D surface- considering a possible transition from phase to phase at fixed T, P- evaluation of the integrated driving force of b a dU = TdS - PdV + idNi - Dd = TdS - PdV + AdNA - Dd (U = TS - PV + ANA ) (dU = TdS + SdT - PdV - VdP + AdNA + NAdA) Dd= - SdT + VdP - NAdA

the phase with the lower A will be more (at constant T, P)

• Aa = Ab equil, D=0- in Fig. 8.3, the line of intersection of two surfaces must be a line of - projection of fundamental property diagram onto T-P state diagram removal of both dAa , dAb potential phase diagram(potential) Phase Diagramin Germany, phase diagram state diagramin Japan,