Chapter 7 Bone, Joint, and Muscle Injuries. Lesson Objectives Describe fractures, sprains,...

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Transcript of Chapter 7 Bone, Joint, and Muscle Injuries. Lesson Objectives Describe fractures, sprains,...

  • Chapter 7Bone, Joint, and Muscle Injuries

  • Lesson Objectives Describe fractures, sprains, dislocations, strains, and contusions.Assess and explain how to treat bone injuries.Assess and explain how to treat joint injuries, including dislocations and strains.Assess and explain how to treat muscle injuries, including strains and muscle cramps.

  • Bone, Joint, and Muscle InjuriesOpen or closed fractureSprainsStrainsDislocationsContusions

  • Bone Injuries (1 of 5)AssessmentSigns and symptomsDeformityOpen woundTendernessSwellingWhen in doubt, treat as a fracture.

  • Bone Injuries (2 of 5)AssessmentAsk how the injury occurred.Look at the injury for deformity, open wounds, and swelling.Feel for tenderness and grating sensations.

  • Bone Injuries (3 of 5)TreatmentControl bleeding and treat for shock.Expose the injury.Check for damage to blood vessels and nerves:CirculationSensationMovement

  • Bone Injuries (4 of 5)TreatmentRealign deformities if medical care will be delayed.Splint the fracture to stabilize it.Limit swelling and pain (RICE):RestIce CompressionElevation

  • Bone Injuries (5 of 5)Open fracturesClean wound and irrigate bone end.Gently try to correct deformities.Cover wounds with dry, sterile dressings.Splint and wrap extremity.

  • Joint Injuries (1 of 4)DislocationsSigns and symptoms:DeformitySevere painInability to move the joint

  • Joint Injuries (2 of 4)DislocationsWhat to do:Evaluate and manage dislocations similar to fractures.If care is delayed or circulation compromised, attempt to reduce dislocations.

  • Joint Injuries (3 of 4)Sprains: What to look forPainTendernessSwellingStiffness Decreased functionBruisingJoint that moves in abnormal directions

  • Joint Injuries (4 of 4)Sprains: What to doEvaluate and manage similar to fractures.If care is delayed or circulation compromised, attempt to reduce dislocations.Apply RICE procedures.Splint or tape for support.

  • Muscle Injuries (1 of 4)Strains and tendon injuriesWhat to look for:Limited movementTendernessSwellingBruisingGrating or cracking sensation with tendonitis

  • Muscle Injuries (2 of 4)Strains and tendon injuriesWhat to do:Apply RICE procedures.Stretch affected muscle gently.Give anti-inflammatory medications.Splint if pain is severe.

  • Muscle Injuries (3 of 4)Muscle crampsWhat to look for:Sudden onset of severe painSpasm that prevents movementA firm area that may be tender

  • Muscle Injuries (4 of 4)Muscle crampsWhat to do:Have the victim stretch.Apply steady pressure over the muscle.Apply ice.If caused by heat exertion, give mildly salted water or sports drink.