Chapter 30 Alexander the Great and His Empire

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Alexander the Great’s Empire

Transcript of Chapter 30 Alexander the Great and His Empire

Chapter 30 Alexander the Great and His Empire Alexander the Greats Empire How did Alexander the Great build his empire? The Peloponnesian War and the Rise of Macedonia Alexander Creates an Empire Alexanders Plan to Unite His Empire How Alexander Spread Greek Ideas How Alexander Used Religion How Alexander Adopted the Ways of Conquered Cultures Alexanders Empire Crumbles How did Alexander the Great build his empire?
King Philip II of Macedonia took advantage of the weak Greeks after years of warfareduring the Peloponnesian War and conquered most of Greece. Alexander, son of Philip, became king after Philip was assassinated.Educated by theGreek philosopher Aristotle, Alexander enlarged his empire by invading Asia Minor. He conquered Persia, Egypt, Central Asia, and western India.He planned to unite hisvast empire by spreading Greek culture, by inspiring loyalty through religion, and byadopting some of the customs of conquered peoples. Alexander built Greek-style cities, such as Alexandria, Egypt.Greeks settled in thesecities and brought their laws and arts.Alexander made Egyptian and Persian godsequal to Greek gods.He also encouraged the idea that he himself was a god.Headopted customs from the cultures of the people he had conquered, such as thePersian system of government. After Alexanders death in 323 B.C.E., his generals fought among themselves forcontrol of the empire.Settlers left the cities Alexander had built.The empire dividedinto three kingdoms.But the Greek culture that he had spread would continue toinfluence the lands Alexander had ruled.