Chapter 20, p. 461. Social Protest and the Struggle for Racial Equality ï‚ The...
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Transcript of Chapter 20, p. 461. Social Protest and the Struggle for Racial Equality ï‚ The...
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- Chapter 20, p. 461
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- Social Protest and the Struggle for Racial Equality The foundations of protest song Protest music: A powerful musical genre directed at social injustices and the desire for change The roots of protest songs are in folk music: Uncomplicated music that speaks directly of every matters Traditional music In the 1950s and 60s folk music became part of popular music Urban musicians and college performers began performing folk music
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- The Civil Rights Movement In the 1960s the nation confronted issues of civil rights, social injustice and the war in Vietnam New folk music became popular protest music
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- We Shall Overcome Most recognized protest song of the Civil Rights era Originally sung by enslaved Africans It expressed the nonviolent philosophy of Dr. King Now, it is sung around the world in many languages and is an anthem for social causes and movements Lyrics, p. 464
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- Activity 1, p. 463 We Shall Overcome Joan Baez - 1965 Joan Baez Morehouse College Gospel Choir What emotions are expressed by the words of the song? Does the music itself have the same emotional impact of the words? Why or why not? To whom do you think the song is addressed? What issues, problems, or events are hinted at in the song? Does this song suggest any solutions to these issues? How would you categorize the musical form? What importance might his song have to American society today/ What characteristics of the music performances are similar in each recording? Which are different? Which version has the most powerful impact on you? Why?
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- Activity 2, p. 464 - DVD Analyze the stylistic features of We Shall Overcome Describe the history and sources of the song. Enslaved Africans sang this 150 years ago using the text, Ill be Alright. In 1930, striking tobacco workers used the song using, We Shall Not Be Moved. It the 1960s it became part of the Civil Right movement using, We Shall Overcome. List the leaders and performers who describe the benchmark events in the Civil Rights movement Julian Bond, Andrew Young, Bishop Desmond Tutu, Pete Seeger, Joan Baez, Paul Stookey, Peter Yarrow, Bernice Reagon, Harry Belafonte, Taj Mahal, and Myles Horton
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- Activity 2 continued Describe how the song We Shall Overcome has functioned as a tool for social protest and as historical document about protest. It has been used for various causes and protests for over 150 years. Describe how the song is used around the world in various social movements. The song has been sung to oppose oppression in South Africa, Russia, Lebanon, Bosnia, Chile, China, and in Sudan, Iraq, Afghanistan, Iran, and Haiti Suggest reasons why this song might continue to inspire people to struggle for social justice. The American Civil Rights movement has served as a model for many other countries in their struggle for human rights.
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- Blowin in the Wind Associated with the Civil Rights Movement Composed in 1962 by Bob DylanBob Dylan Challenged prejudicial views of racial or social groups Recorded by several artists but made famous by Peter, Paul, and MaryPeter, Paul, and Mary One of the most politically committed groups Performed at Dr. Kings March on Washington in 1963 Lyrics, p. 466-467
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- Activity 3Activity 3, p. 465 Joan BaezJoan Baez What is the form of the song? AAAB How would you describe the construction of the melody? The melody of the A section opens in a stepwise pattern How are the lyrics and melody combined to create a unified message? The text and the melody fit will together because the natural rhythm of the text is reflect in the music. The melody is easy to remember.
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- Activity 3 - continued What do you think the lyrics mean? The lyrics are symbols of a global idea freedom and justice What is your overall impression of the composers musical intent? The composer captured the emotion of the text through music Would a recording of this song done in a different performance style be as effective? If so, what style and why?
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- Remembering the Struggle The Civil Rights Act was signed in 1964 which made it illegal to discriminate against people on the basis of race or color. American Guernica by Adolphus Hailstork written in 1983 Complete the year Martin Luther King day became a holiday Written for concert band and piano Commemorates the 1963 bombing of a church during Sunday school in Birmingham, Alabama The title comes from a painting by Pablo Picasso called Guernica
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- Activity 4, p. 468 American Guernica American Guernica
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- Resisting Apartheid in South Africa Racial Division in South Africa One of the most racially mixed populations of any nation For thousands of years the people were all black Later colonists (called Afrikaners) came and the 2 groups clashed Despite being the minority, Afrikaners instituted apartheid: Policy of racial segregation This restricted land ownership, where people could live, and their jobs
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- Opposition to Apartheid Black South Afticans demonstrated their resistance through revolts, peaceful protests, civil disobedience, and through the arts Music played a pivotal role musicians were some of the most outspoken critics The government exiled musicians and outlawed their music
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- Sobashiya One of the best known anti-apartheid protest songs Ballad: Musical form consisting of verses in a narrative style, often with a repeated refrain. Title means, we will leave in the Zulu language Made famous by Amandla which means power Activity 5, p. 472 Activity 5 Translation and music p. 470-471
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- An End to Apartheid The peoples resistance and sanctions from other countries ended apartheid in 1994 Free elections were held and the first black president of that nation, Nelson Mandela, was elected.
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- Political Protest as a Means to Social Change Political protest in Chile Protest stemmed from political oppression Augusto Pinochet was one of the more brutal dictators in world history He rose through the ranks to general In 1973 he led a revolt to overthrow then president Salvador Allende whose policies were not popular At first, Pinochet was supported by the people and thought a hero A year later he eliminated democratic government, shut down free trade, forced his own election to president, abolished political parties, restricted human and civil rights Ordered the murder of over 3,000 Allende supporters
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- El Pueblo Unido Jamas Sera Vencido! The People United will Never Be Defeated! By the mid-1980s opposition groups began organizing protests Much of the protest was through popular folk music This became the them song of the opposition The title is base on a well known slogan: A phrase used repeatedly to convey goals or communicate an important message Pinochet remained president until the late 1980s
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- Activity 6, p. 474 Listen to El Pueblo Unido Jamas Sera Vencido!El Pueblo Unido Jamas Sera Vencido! Lyrics and translation on p. 474 Salvador Allende Augusto Pinochet
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- Other voices against oppression Artists worldwide expressed outrage at Pinochets treatment of his people They Dance Alone by Sting was a tribute to the victims.They Dance Alone Activity 7, p. 476 Lyrics, p. 476
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- Sting Composer, singer, actor, activist Wide range of music and styles Born in Newcastle England Inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame Won many Grammy awards Supporter of human rights and environmental justice Works on behalf of Amnesty International and the Rainforest Foundation Has written music for films Performed with symphony orchestras Performed in Broadway shows.
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- Theme and Variation El Pueblo Unido Jamas Sera Vencido! Inspired a set of 36 variations for pianos by American composer Frederic Rzewski Titled The People United Will Never Be Defeated! Variations reflect the meaning of the song Divided into six sets of six the last set summarizes and ties all preceding variations together
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- Activity 8, p. 479 Listen to El Pueblo Unido Jamas Sera Vencido! focus on the melody figure 20-6, p. 479El Pueblo Unido Jamas Sera Vencido! Listen to variation 36 of The People United Will Never Be Defeated!variation 36 Describe what he has done to the theme. He begins with the hook Describe the way that Rzewski varies the theme so as to create a dynamic finish. The original theme is extended in the middle section with dissonance Would you classify Rzweskis variations as traditional, popular, or classical music? Why? Classical composed in a classical style
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- Protesting War The Vietnam Antiwar Movement During the 1960s and early 70s the United States was involved in a prolonged conflict in Vietnam The country was divided on US participation in this war This was the same time as the Civil Rights movement Folk musicians involved in Civil Rights also supported the anti war position Songs made strong comments about the need for peace, love, and understanding
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- Bob Dylan Leading musical voice of antiwar movement Blowin in the Wind A Hard Rains a Gonna Fall 1963A Hard Rains a