Chapter 19 section 1 Emily Hoyles Zack Johnston Amanda Lightcap Taylor Moore Sarah Ditty.

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Transcript of Chapter 19 section 1 Emily Hoyles Zack Johnston Amanda Lightcap Taylor Moore Sarah Ditty.

  • Slide 1
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  • Chapter 19 section 1 Emily Hoyles Zack Johnston Amanda Lightcap Taylor Moore Sarah Ditty
  • Slide 3
  • Early expansion to the distant East American merchants had been visiting Canton to trade with China since 1785. In China the United States was to receive the best treatment offered by any country.
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  • Trading with Japan The United States merchants wanted to trade with Japan, but this was not easy to arrange. Mathew C. Perry tried to improve the education of midshipmen. He refused to deal with minor officials He did open trade with Japan.
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  • American trade in Hawaii They arrived in Hawaii in the 1790s. 1849 the united states declared that it could never allow Hawaiian island to pass under the dominion of any other power. President pierce tried to annex of Hawaii in 1854. Expansion was no longer a stopped by sectional rivalry.
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  • Seward pursues expansion William H Seward became the secretary of the states. Became champion of expansionist hopes. When asked to buy Alaska the jumped at the chance. He pursued the senate to approve the Alaska treaty on April 19,1867.
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  • The Alabama plains One of the knottiest concerned the so called Alabama claims. These were claims for damages to Union shipping. They registered their ships under foreign flags.
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  • The treaty of Washington The British refused to take senator Sumner's claim seriously. In 1871 American and British commissioners signed a treaty of Washington. Great Britain violated the international walls of neutrality. The awarded 15.5 million dollars in damages to the United States.
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  • Napoleon IIIs Mexican empire In 1863 napoleon III sent an army to Mexico. He overthrew the Mexican government. The United States objected. Summer of 1866 napoleon III removed the French troops. Summer of 1867 he was executed by a Mexican firing squad.
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  • United States and Samoa Remote island of Tutuila. American sailors had always been interested in this island. The island was divided between Germany and United States.
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  • Problems with Chile 1889 first international American conference in Washington. Founded the international bureau of the American republics. United states was an overpowering neighbor. In Chile- October 1891- American sailors on shore leave from the cruiser had been attacked.
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  • Continued The Chilean government refused to apologize for the attack. Later they apologized and agreed to pay damages to the families of the killed and wounded sailors.
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  • Section 2 By: Ian Scheller Dylan Deivert Jesse Carr
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  • Sea Expansion The U.S. was the third strongest navy in the world. The navys power had no effect on the depression, farm revolt, labor unrest, free silver, and populism. The U.S. kept putting its money into the navy disregarding the nations problems.
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  • Mahan and Sea of Power Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan helped set up the Naval War College being a scholar of war himself. Wrote a book, The Influence of Sea Power Upon History. Controlled the Caribbean with his navy. Followed by Theodore Roosevelt.
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  • Renewed attempts to annex Hawaii In 1891 Queen Liliuoalani came to throne. She did not want American settlers to come to Hawaii. January 1893 the settlers with help from U.S. Marines overthrew the Queen. After this event President Grover Cleveland tried to restore Queen Lil to her throne. Hawaii was finally annexed after the Spanish- American war on July 1898
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  • The Venezuelan Boundary Dispute Dispute over British-Venezuelan border. President Cleveland believed the Monroe Doctrine was at stake. Lord Salisbury, British prime minister, believed the Monroe Doctrine was not part of international law. Eventually British gave in so they didnt have more problems with fighting other countries due to the fight over control of South Africa.
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  • Paige Simpson, Kelsey Klingman, Jake Furr, Dylan Stelfox 511-513
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  • Problems In Cuba Rebels in Cuba began agitating for independence People in the United States felt sympathetic for people in Cuba. When Cuban Rebels declared there independence Spanish government sent in troops led by General Valeriano Presidents tried to acquire the island from Spain. Cuban rebels were tortured and women men and children were herded together to die of disease or starvation
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  • Joseph Pulitzer Joseph Pulitzer was a Hungarian immigrant that secured his way to the United States by enlisting in the Union army. His energy and enterprise made a fortune in the newspaper business. If there was no startling news he would invent some. To make New York World more interesting he invented a comic strip, and invented a cartoonist Richard F. Outcault to draw the adventures of a Bad Boy called the Yellow Kid.
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  • United States Readies for War Spain began to negotiate with the United States about the Cubans freedom, it seemed as if there was no need to fight. The Yellow Press printed a stolen letter from the Spanish Ambassador Dupuy de Lome to President McKinley saying he was a weak and a bitter for the admiration of the crowd. Though de Lome quickly resigned, the Americans were angered by his insults.
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  • United States goes to war April 11 th the day after President McKinley learned that Spain would agree to do everything the Americans wanted he asked Congress to declare a war. The war only lasted a few months, but it was enough to make the greatest confusion ever.
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  • The Yellow Press American news papers insulted General Weylers decisions. The Sunday World and The New York Journal both featured The Yellow Kid so they were called The Yellow Press.
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  • Chapter 19 Section 4 By Shannon Snyder, Natashia Fox, Tionie Shambach, Jeffrey Heintzelman, Lisa Watkins
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  • Rough riders At a training camp Roosevelt gathered cowboy sheriffs and desperadoes from the west and a sprinkling of playboy polo players and steeplechase riders from the east..
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  • Rough Riders!! On June 22, Roosevelt's Rough Rider over rived in Cuba. The Rough Riders were in a battle just to capture Santiago, on their mission they stormed the hill with out any horses. After a long bloody battle they finally reached their goal.
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  • Theodore Roosevelt! Was the governor of New York. Also known as a Rough Rider. He was a Vice President candidate. Once nominated, he threw himself into the companion with his usual boyish vigor.
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  • Splendid Little War! Was not a normal size war. 385 deaths. American Revolution lasted 8 years, Civil War lasted 4 years, Spanish War lasted 4 months. John Hay ( future secretary of state) call this war Splendid Little War. This war cost about a quarter billion dollars. Many of the deaths in this war was from some kind of war.
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  • Splendid war continued. This war was a remarkable change in the relationships of the U.S. to the world. Tides of history were turned. Spanish were defeated and they gave up against the US and Empire of Islands. US acquired Puerto Rico at the gateway to the Caribbean along with Guam. American Colonies added up to 100,000 square miles, holding 10 million people. England, France, or Germany had more so the American Colonies were small.
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  • Splendid war continued. Meaning of the American- Spanish war In American history was actually less in what it accomplished than in what it proclaimed. Spanish- American war at the threshold of the 1900 was our first war of intervention. We had joined the old fashion race of empire.
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  • Americans opposed to Empire. Feared seizing land in the Pacific might lead to war with Japan sometime. Felt Asians could never be part of Democracy. Wondered how US could uphold Declaration of Independence if it became an empire. Labor leader Samuel Gompers, Industrialized Andrew Carnegie, President Charlie W Eliot of Harvard and president David Starr Jordan of standard ford, Philosopher William James, Social worker Jane Addams, popular writer Mark Twain, William Jennings Bryan. Filipinos did not want to be ruled by the US or Spain, they fought against the Americans.
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  • Americans opposed to Empire. Minkinley was renominated by the republicans in Philadelphia in 1900. Democrats met at Kansas City on independence day and nominated William Jennings Bryan. Americans were worried/sad/angry, calling themselves Anti- Imperialists because they hated to see the US become an empire.
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  • By Veronica Diaz, Toni Swigart, Jasmine Jackson, Curtis Braswell, Josh Foust Pages 516 to 518
  • Slide 35
  • The Reorganization of Cuba The U.S. was running a colonial empire. The administration began setting up governments for the former Spanish islands The teller amendment was attached to congress war resolution April 20 1898 It pledged that the U.S. would exercise sovereignty over Cuba. They would leave government of the island to its peopl