CHAIRIL ANWAR SIREGAR MUHAMMAD RIDWAN Peta Lok asi CDM Sek aroh CHAIRIL ANWAR SIREGAR MUHAMMAD...

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Transcript of CHAIRIL ANWAR SIREGAR MUHAMMAD RIDWAN Peta Lok asi CDM Sek aroh CHAIRIL ANWAR SIREGAR MUHAMMAD...

  • Peta Lokasi CDM Sekaroh

    CHAIRIL ANWAR SIREGAR MUHAMMAD RIDWAN

    LEARNING FROM A/R CDM IN EAST LOMBOKLEARNING FROM A/R CDM IN EAST LOMBOK

    LAND REHABILITATION IN EXTREEME ZONE C

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    CERINDONESIA Carbon and Environmental Research

    Kementerian Kehutanan

    here is interesting, contrasting phenomenon on national emission reduction effort in

    Indonesia. Although most GHG emission in Indonesia is coming from forestry sector, very

    few forestry carbon projects have been registered. Until the end of 2012 there were 93

    projects registered at the Executive Board (EB - UNFCCC) from energy sector on Clean Development

    Mechanism (CDM) activity, of which mostly about methane avoidance with highest CERs earnings

    coming from geothermal. How about forestry sector? None has been registered at EB-UNFCCC.

    How could this happen? Was it due to complicated methodology, Government Policy, or some

    company internal factors? In the Presidential Regulation (Perpres) No. 61 year 2011 about National

    Action Plan on GHG emission Reduction, forestry sector and peat-land were targeted to reduce

    emission up to 87.61%. Why was the very sector which was planned to have highest reduction has not

    had even single activity registered at EB?

    This book explains technical obstacle, policy, implementation, validation of an AR CDM activity in East

    Lombok, Indonesia. The AR CDM activity in this book would be registered as the First Forestry CDM

    Activity from Indonesia at EB-UNFCCC.

    Foreword : Jin Sunpil Putera Parthama Zulkifli Hasan

    KOICA Program succeeded to change local community from ignorant to environmentally conscious. This

    book described how to approach society with extreme attitude and against the rehabilitation activity

    toward society which care about environment.

    Turmudzi – Leader of NGO Aliansi Masyarakat Peduli Lingkungan (AMPEL)

    Sekaroh Protection Forest is extremely dry area with many illegal grazing that is difficult to rehabilitate.

    Land rehabilitation program by KOICA and FORDA within CDM scheme has become a new model for

    cooperation with local community. This cooperation model between KOICA and local community has

    enriched available models of approach to community.

    Dr. Ir. Abdul Hakim, MM – Head of Forestry Service of West Nusa Tenggara Province

    From the beginning I thought that the AR/CDM project needed to give a try in Indonesia; not only to meet

    the commitment for mitigating global climate change, but also because it is very relevant with the context

    and the need for land rehabilitation and increasing land production in many area of Indonesia. Even

    though a little late, this book was based on result of first research effort that contained many lessons for

    us to learn.

    (Dr. Iman Santoso, one of the initiators of the AR/CDM Project of Indonesia-Korea)

    I followed all the process of this cooperative CDM project activity between Korea and Indonesia in East

    Lombok. Climate change and forestry is new issue in the field that one problem after another would

    always appeared. Based on the faith that active role of community is very important in rehabilitating

    marginal land and would give multiple effects, I consistently encouraged and supported this project until

    the Recommendation Letter from the Minister of Forestry was issued, for community based forestry

    (HKm) and followed by issuance of Letter of Approval (LoA) from National Committee of CDM (Komnas

    MPB) of National Board for Climate Change (DNPI). This book should be read by any party who has

    concern with land rehabilitation activity, community participation and coping with climate change.

    Dr. Yetti Rusli – Chair of Working Group on Climate Change of Ministry of Forestry.

    T

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    I S B N 6 0 2 - 1 4 7 6 3 - 1 - XISBN 978-602-14763-1-4

  • LAND REHABILITATION IN EXTREEME ZONE

    Chairil Anwar Siregar

    Muhammad Ridwan

    Learning from A/R CDM in East Lombok

  • LAND REHABILITATION IN EXTREEME ZONE

    Learning from A/R CDM in East Lombok

    Foreword:

    Jin Sunpil

    Putera Parthama

    Zulkifli Hasan

    Authors:

    Chairil Anwar Siregar

    Muhammad Ridwan

    Translator:

    Dr. Ir. Ulfah J. Siregar, M. Agr.

    Editor:

    Ari Suharto

    Cover Design:

    Ma'sum and Ari Suharto

    Published in cooperation between:

    Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA)

    6th Floor, Block 7, Gedung Manggala Wanabakti

    Jl. Gatot Subroto, Senayan, Jakarta Pusat, Indonesia

    And

    Forestry Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Forestry

    9th Floor, Block 1, Gedung Manggala Wanabakti

    Jl. Jenderal Gatot Subroto Jakarta 10270

    CER Indonesia,

    Jl. Arya Widura VIII No. 2

    Arya Widura Residence, Bogor, 16152

    RA Visindo

    Jl. Taweuran IV. No. 25 Perumnas Bantarjati Bogor. 16152

    email: ravisindo@yahoo.co.id

    March 2014

    ISBN: 978-602-14763-1-4

    Copyrights reserved

  • IIITable of Contents

    Contents .................................................................................... III

    List of Tables .............................................................................. VIII

    List of Figures ............................................................................. IX

    Foreword by the KOICA Representative ..................................... XI

    Foreword by the DG of FORDA ................................................. XIII

    Foreword by the Minister of Forestry .......................................... XV

    Preface ....................................................................................... XVII

    CHAPTER I ON INDONESIA A/R CDM ............................ 1

    Since Kyoto Protocol .................................... 1

    Kyoto Protocol Ratification ........................... 3

    National Policy on Carbon Trading ............... 4

    Example of A/R CDM Study in Indonesia...... 7

    CHAPTER II COOPERATION WITH KOREA..................... 9

    History of Cooperation with KOICA.............. 9

    Selecting the Location ................................... 11

    Land Suitability ............................................ 12

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • IV Land Rehabilitation in Extreeme Zone

    CHAPTER III LAND CONDITIONS OF SEKAROH

    PROTECTION FOREST ................................ 17

    Land Status .................................................. 17

    Real Condition of the Land ........................... 18

    Land Occupation by Local Community ........ 19

    Permissiveness by Government Officials ........ 20

    CHAPTER IV SOCIAL CONDITION OF THE LOCAL

    COMMUNITY................................................ 23

    Information on Land Clearing and Utilization 23

    Economic Conditions .................................... 24

    Condition of Education ................................. 34

    Raskin (Rice for the Poor) for Everybody ...... 34

    Would the Condition Persist? ........................ 34

    CHAPTER V KOICA A/R CDM ACTIVITY .......................... 37

    Agreement on Site Determination ................. 37

    Plant Species Selection ................................. 38

    Site Suitability ............................................... 39

    CHAPTER VI PROCESS OF ADVOCACY........................... 43

    Advocacy by Local Technical Implementation

    Unit (UPTD) ................................................. 43

    Trust Based Advocacy ................................... 44

    Cooperation with Gapoktan (Farmers

    Group Association) ....................................... 45

    Working with Stakeholders ............................ 47

    Advocacy by AMPEL NGO........................... 48

    CHAPTER VII SOCIALIZATION PROCESS .......................... 51

    The objectives of Sekaroh Village Orientation 51

    Outputs of Sekaroh Village Orientation ......... 52

    Target of Sekaroh Village Orientation Activity 53

    Techniques of Sekaroh Village Orientation .... 53

  • VTable of Contents

    Stages of Sekaroh Village Orientation ........... 54

    Visiting Influential Figure Tuan Guru ............. 55

    Prime Planting .............................................. 56

    Group Socialization ...................................... 59

    Hidden Problem Needs to Be solved............. 59

    CHAPTER VIII LAND REHABILITATION PROCESS............. 61

    Community Based Land Preparation ............ 61

    Technological Input (Hydrogel & Compost) .. 63

    Collaborative Planting ................................... 64

    Replanting .................................................... 64

    Maintenance ................................................. 67

    CHAPTER IX BASELINE ESTABLISHMENT ...................... 69

    Above ground ............................................... 70

    Below ground ............................................... 70

    CHAPTER X PL