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Transcript of Cezannepart1
- 1. Arts & Crafts
2. William Morris 3. Art Nouveau 4. ToulouseLautrec 5. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was born on November 24, 1864, in southern France Died on September 9, 1901, at the family ch a teau of Malrome . 6. PhotoSecession Stieglitz, Steichen, Kasebier , White
- The Photo Secession was organized byAlfred Stieglitz and operated by him between 1902 and 1917. Composed of carefullyselected pictorial photographers, the society often did the best and most originalphotography produced in the United States and abroad.Stieglitz himself an expertphotographer, championed the goals of the Photo-Secession in his magazineCamera Work (1903-17)and at the little galleries of the Photo-Secession (1905-1917) at 291 Fifth Avenue.
- First devoted solely to photography, Stieglitz, in association with his colleague Edouard Steichen, soon opened the doors ofhis galleries (later called "291") to advanced painting and sculpture, Europeanand American and also the pages ofCamera Workto the same kind of art
7. Alfred Stieglitz Self Portrait FlatIron 8. 9. 10. 11. Fountain, photograph of sculpture by Marcel Duchamp, 1917. 12. 13. NY Central Yards, 1907,Georgia O'Keeffe 1918, 14. Georgia O'Keeffe 1918, 15. Alfred Stieglitz, "Hands," $1,472,000, a record for the artist at auction. Alfred Stieglitz, "Nude," $1,360,000. Sotheby's Feb. 1906 16. 17. 18. Edouard Steichen
- Edward Steichen (1879-1973)is one of the most important figures in the history of photography. Duringhis active career, which lasted over half the life span of photography, he was renowned as an artist, fashion photographer, curator, writer, andtechnical innovator. He was also a passionate advocate for photographyas an art form, and led, along with Alfred Stieglitz, an aesthetic revolutionthat enabled photography to be considered as a medium capable of interpretationand expression, and not as a mere documentary record of isual facts.
- Steichen took up photographyin 1895, at the age of sixteen, and was self-taught. During his earlycareer, around the turn of the century, he was associated with a styleof photography known as Pictorialism. The Pictorialists felt that theaesthetic promise of photography lay in an emulation of painting. Steichens early work, then, adopted many Pictorialist techniques (a jiggled tripod, a lens bathed in glycerin, or various darkroom tricks) designed to producepainterly soft-focus effects. During this period, Steichen was alsoa painter, until he burned all his canvases in 1922.
- In 1905, with Stieglitz, hefounded the famous Little Galleries of the Photo Secession at 291 FifthAvenue in New York (later the 291 Gallery) to promote photography as anart form in particular, and European Modernism in general. Steichen sooncame under the spell of the new art movements with their abstract geometries, and he gradually abandoned his Pictorialism in favor of straight photographywith a strong sense of design and clean, uncluttered images and compositionsSteichen
19. Edouard Steichen 20. In Memoriam 1904 21. 22. Brooklyn Bridge 1903 23. 24. 25. RodinThe Eve, 1907 Steichen visited Rodin for the first time in 1900. He brought a portfolio of his photographs with him and, after looking through the portfolio, Rodin allowed the American to photograph him in his studio.The results have been justly termed "among the best ever made." In this exquisite autochrome, an early type of color transparency, signed and dated 1907,Steichen recorded the aging sculptor clothed in timeless drapery and sitting at the feet of the plaster model of his Eve, a soft-focus image that appears almost as the sculptor's dream. 26. 27. Edward Steichen:Alfred Stieglitz at "291". 1915. 28. 29. 30. The Spiral Shell France, vers 1921 31. Gloria Swanson,New York 1924 32. White 1935 33. Fred AstaireFilmTop Hat New York, 1927 34. Paul Robeson as "The Emperor Jones 1933 35. Gertrude Kasebier As Kasebiers portraiture came more into the light of the art world,she soon sought a friendship with Alfred Stieglitz. Near the turn of century,Kasebier contacted Stieglitz: to further he success by mingling with theart photographers, to further her knowledge and to give herself news directionsin her life. The two befriended quickly. They agreed that photographywas a form of artistic expression and worked with similar processes inorder to achieve an artistic photographic print. Within a short periodof time, Stieglitz was promoting Kasebiers work through his publication, Camera Notes, and organizing solo exhibitions of her work, one of whichwas the Camera Club of New York, which Kasebier soon became a member. The most important and now historic exhibit of this period was the firstPhiladelphia Photographic Salon of 1898. Of the 1200 entries, only 259were selected. Ten of Kasebiers images were chosen to exhibit; this extremely high honor placed her in the ranks of Stieglitz and othercontemporaries. The judges of the exhibit, such as William Merritt Chasestated that Kasebiers work was as fine as anything that VanDyckhas ever done. Charles H. Caffin was taken by Kasebiers individualitythe force and distinctiveness of her style. The following year, Kasebier wasa judge on the Philadelphia Photographic Salon. About that same time, her print The Manger sold for $100, which was the most paid for a photographat that time. Kasebier began to socialize with F. Holland Day, ClarenceWhite and became one of photographys most influential photographersdue to her unique style and consistently good work. 36. Gertrude Kasebier 37. 38. 39. 40. Clarence White Clarence White became a book-keeper for a Newark, Ohio grocery firm in 1890. In 1893 he got married and took up photography, helping to start the Newark Camera Club in 1898. Alfred Stieglitz exhibited some of his pictures at the New York Camera Club the following year, and he was elected to the London (UK) based 'Linked Ring' in 1900.White was one of the photographers promoted by Stieglitz as the 'Photo-Secession', exhibiting his work in their exhibitions and publishing it inCamera Work- including a whole issue in 1908. His pictures are characterised by his use of light, often creating a virtual glow from the highlights. He experimented widely with printing processes, including platinum and gum bichromate 41. Clarence White 42. 43. Frank Llyod Wright 44. Frank Llyod Wright 45. Frank Llyod Wright