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  • 1. Linking CCA and DRRMarkos1

2. Introduction Similarities of DRR and CCA Differences of DRR and CCA Need to collaborationMarkos2 3. Global environmental change and natural hazardsnot beyond our control, nor are their impacts Sustainable development necessary to reducevulnerability development not alwayssustainable Responding to climate change requiresunderstanding how to manage risk: lessons fromdisaster risk reduction community (practitioners,experts) Uncertainty about future change is not a limitation most risk is caused by our exposure andsensitivity to a hazard, not the hazard itselfMarkos3 4. Mitigation: Measures aimed at reducing the levelof emission of carbon substances into theatmosphereMarkos4 5. Process of adjusting toa changing climate,through explicit andplanned interventions,or spontaneously as aconsequence ofinherent flexibilityMarkos 5 6. Interventions, approaches and policy frameworks toavoid or minimise hazard impacts on societies andenvironment, focusing on reducing vulnerability tohazards Expanded beyond risk management to incorporatelessons into planning: focus on reducing risk, ratherthan only on reconstructing the previous conditions(disaster accumulation)Markos6 7. Disaster risk reduction: The broad developmentand application of policies, strategies andpractices to minimize vulnerabilities and disasterrisks throughout society, through prevention,mitigation and preparedness.Markos 7 8. Similarities CCA is about reducing vulnerability to climatehazards; DRR is about reducing vulnerabilityto all hazards.Note: Both emphasis on vulnerability reduction Both are long-term processes and are notquick-fix approachesMarkos 8 9. Development lies at the heart of both DRR andCCA Both approaches have a strong emphasis ofworking at community level to build resilienceMarkos 9 10. Different actors and lack of communication Adaptation can be a response to positivechanges; DRR always a response to negativeevents DRR local issue, whereas climate change isa regional and global issue. This impliesdifferences in levels of intervention,responsibility, impact and relevanceMarkos 10 11. Climate change seen as abstract, disastersseen as real. Most people cannotconceptualise climate change, but haveexperienced or witnessed at least onedisaster Uncertainty in climate change impactsmakes understanding it difficult;imagining a disaster is easierMarkos 11 12. Difference between emergencyoperations and long-term outlook ofadaptation: role of humanitarian relief indisaster operations not consistent withrisk and vulnerability reductionapproach, nor with long-term outlook ofadaptation Disaster risk reduction uses lesstechnical language than climate changescience and policy.Markos 12 13. DRR tackles the risks of geophysical hazards(like volcanoes and earthquakes), whereasadaptation does not. Adaptation also considers the long-termadjustment to changes in mean climaticcondition, including the opportunities that thiscan provide, whereas DRR is predominantlyinterested in extremes. Markos13 14. Markos 14 15. Markos 15 16. Markos 16 17. Markos 17 18. CCA strategies aim to reduce vulnerability toexpected impacts of climate change. The concept of CCA is broad CCA strategies exist across local and globalscales, from community level responsesthrough to local, national and internationalgovernment interventions.Markos18 19. community level strategies improvements to agricultural systems such as cropdiversication or the introduction of hazard resistantcrop varieties risk assessments and associated plansthe protection of natural resourcesearly warning systemseducation and awareness measures and protectionof water resources Markos19 20. At the national level for least developed countries, somecountries have developed National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs). NAPAsidentify areas in which adaptation strategiesare essential in mitigating against adverse climatechange effects.Markos20 21. DRR and CCA need more integrated approach The institutional frameworks, politicalprocesses, funding mechanisms, informationexchange and practitioner communities havedeveloped independently and remain largelyseparate to date.Markos 21 22. There is no systematic integration ofdisaster risk management and climatechange adaptation Government departments responsible forpoverty and DRR are in some cases awareof vulnerability to extreme climate events,but have no means of co-ordinationMarkos22 23. Confusion over similarities and differences Concern over different approaches Lack of clarity regarding how integration isachievedMarkos 23 24. Markos 24