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  • User GuideProvided by The Montana Historical Society

    Education Office(406) 444-4789

    www.montanahistoricalsociety.org

    Funded by a Grant from the E.L. Wiegand Foundation

    2002 The Montana Historical Society

    Cavalry and Infantry:The U.S. Military on the

    Montana Frontier

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    Cavalry and Infantry: The U.S. Military on the Montana Frontier

    Table of ContentsI. Introduction

    Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

    Footlocker Use Some Advice for Instructors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

    Evaluation Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

    MHS Educational Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

    Primary Sources and How to Use Them . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

    Standards and Skills for Cavalry and Infantry: The U.S. Military on the Montana Frontier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

    II. Background InformationHistorical Narrative for Fourth Graders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

    Historical Narrative for Instructors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

    Outline for Classroom Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

    Amazing MontanansBiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

    Vocabulary List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29

    III. Lesson Plans Lesson 1: Kind Regards to All: James Court Blackwoods Letters Home . . . . . . . .30

    Lesson 2: Recruits at Fort Assiniboine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

    Lesson 3: In the Barracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41

    Lesson 4: Mapping Fort Benton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44

    Lesson 5: May I Have Your Autograph? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46

    Lesson 6: Tons of Tunics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47

    IV. Resources and Reference MaterialsWorksheets and Independent Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50

    Bibliographies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58

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    Cavalry and Infantry: The U.S. Military on the Montana Frontier

    Borrower: ___________________________________________ Booking Period: ____________________

    The borrower is responsible for the safe use of the footlocker and all its contents during thedesignated booking period. Replacement and/or repair for any lost items and/or damage (otherthan normal wear and tear) to the footlocker and its contents while in the borrowers care will becharged to the borrowers school. Please have an adult complete the footlocker inventorychecklist below, both when you receive the footlocker and when you repack it forshipping, to ensure that all of the contents are intact. After you inventory the footlockerfor shipping to the next location, please mail or fax this completed form to the Education Office.

    1 canteen

    1 fork

    3 .45/70 caliberbullets for a Springfield carbine

    1 yellow neckerchief

    1 black campaign hat

    1 pair leather gauntlets

    1 fatigue shirt

    1 mounted cavalry coat

    13 photographs

    Inventory

    ITEM BEFORE AFTER CONDITION OF ITEM MHSUSE USE USE

    (continued)

  • Teachers Name_____________________________________________ Phone number __________________________________

    School_____________________________________________________ Footlocker Reservation Dates ____________________

    Map of Fort Benton

    1 Kepi cap

    1 spur with strap

    1 belt with holster

    1 tin cup

    1 tin plate

    User Guide

    2 padlocks

    3

    ITEM BEFORE AFTER CONDITION OF ITEM MHSUSE USE USE

    Cavalry and Infantry: The U.S. Military on the Montana FrontierInventory (continued)

    Education Office, Montana Historical Society, PO Box 201201, Helena, MT 59620-1201 Fax: 406-444-2696, Phone: 406-444-9553, MHSeducation@state.mt.us

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    Cavalry and Infantry: The U.S. Military on the Montana Frontier

    Footlocker Contents

    Left: Belt with Holster,Gauntlets, Spur,and Bullets

    (continued)

    Right: MountedCavalry Coat,Neckerchief,and Shirt

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    Right:Campaign Hat andKepi

    Cavalry and Infantry: The U.S. Military on the Montana FrontierFootlocker Contents (continued)

    Left:

    Canteen, TinPlate, Tin Cup,and Fork

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    Cavalry and Infantry: The U.S. Military on the Montana Frontier

    Footlocker UseSome Advice for Instructors

    How do I make the best use of thefootlocker? In this User Guide you will find many toolsfor teaching with objects and primary sources.We have included teacher and student levelnarratives, as well as a classroom outline, toprovide you with background knowledge onthe topic. In section one there are introductoryworksheets on how to look at/read maps,primary documents, photographs, and artifacts.These will provide you and your studentsvaluable tools for future study. Section threecontains lesson plans for exploration of thetopic in your classroomthese lessons utilizethe objects, photographs, and documents inthe footlocker. The Resources andReference Materials section contains shortactivities and further exploration activities, aswell as bibliographies.

    What do I do when I receive the footlocker? IMMEDIATELY upon receiving thefootlocker, take an inventory form from theenvelope inside and inventory the contents inthe before use column. Save the form foryour after use inventory. This helps uskeep track of the items in the footlockers,and enables us to trace back and find wherean item might have been lost.

    What do I do when it is time to sendthe footlocker on to the next person?Carefully inventory all of the items again asyou put them in the footlocker. If any itemsshow up missing or broken at the next site,your school will be charged for the item(s).Send the inventory form back to:

    Education Office, Montana Historical Society,Box 201201, Helena, MT 59620-1201 orfax at (406) 444-2696.

    Who do I send the footlocker to?At the beginning of the month you received aconfirmation form from the Education Office.On that form you will find information aboutto whom to send the footlocker, with amailing label to affix to the top of thefootlocker. Please insure the footlocker for$1000 with UPS (we recommend UPS, asthey are easier and more reliable then the USPostal Service) when you mail it. This makescertain that if the footlocker is lost on its wayto the next school, UPS will pay for it andnot your school.

    What do I do if something is missingor broken when the footlockerarrives, or is missing or brokenwhen it leaves my classroom? If an item is missing or broken when youinitially inventory the footlocker, CONTACTUS IMMEDIATELY (406-444-4789), inaddition to sending us the completed (beforeand after use) inventory form. This allows usto track down the missing item. It may alsorelease your school from the responsibility ofpaying to replace a missing item. Ifsomething is broken during its time in yourclassroom, please call us and let us know sothat we can have you send us the item forrepair. If an item turns up missing when youinventory before sending it on, please searchyour classroom. If you cannot find it, yourschool will be charged for the missing item.

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    Cavalry and Infantry: The U.S. Military on the Montana Frontier

    Footlocker Evaluation Form____________________________________________________________ ______________________Evaluators Name Footlocker Name

    ____________________________________________________________ ______________________School Name Phone

    ___________________________________________ ________________ ______________________Address City Zip Code

    1. How did you use the material? (choose all that apply) School-wide exhibit Classroom exhibit Hands-on classroom discussion

    Supplement to curriculum Other___________________________________________

    2. How would you describe the audience/viewer? (choose all that apply) Pre-school students Grade schoolGrade____ High schoolGrade____

    College students Seniors Mixed groups Special interest

    Other____________________________________________________________________________

    2a. How many people viewed/used the footlocker?______

    3. Which of the footlocker materials were most engaging? Artifacts Documents Photographs Lessons Video

    Audio Cassette Books Slides Other______________________

    4. Which of the User Guide materials were most useful? Narratives Lessons Resource Materials Biographies/Vocabulary Other____________________________________________________________________________

    5. How many class periods did you devote to using the footlocker? 1-3 4-6 More than 6 Other________

    6. What activities or materials would you like to see added to this footlocker?

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    (continued)

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    7. Would you request this footlocker again? If not, why?

    ____________________________________________________________________