Cassava Value Chain Analysis - and Professor Lateef Sanni of University of Agriculture, Abeokuta,...

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Transcript of Cassava Value Chain Analysis - and Professor Lateef Sanni of University of Agriculture, Abeokuta,...

  • A Report on

    Cassava Value Chain Analysis in the Niger Delta

    2011

    Foundation for Partnership Initiatives in the Niger Delta (PIND) 1st Floor St. James Building,

    167 Ademola Adetokunbo Crescent, Wuse II, Abuja, Nigeria

    NEW NIGERIA FOUNDATION

  • Acknowledgements

    The study team wishes to acknowledge the financial and technical support that PIND contributed to the

    success of the study. The useful information provided by farmers, processors, traders, input suppliers

    and other key informants at all the study locations in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria; their special

    input and their friendly and accommodative nature during the field work of this study are very much

    appreciated. In particular, the authors would like to thank and express gratitude to: Cassava farming

    villages in Edo, Delta and Imo States; the management of Matna Starch, Nigerian Starch Mill, Ekha

    Agro, VESA foods, Rose Endeavours and other numerous SMEs in the region. The Programme

    Managers of ADPs in the different states are much appreciated.

    It is noteworthy to mention the great work and positive contributions of Tim Canedo, Bill Grant (DAI)

    and Professor Lateef Sanni of University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria towards the finalization of the

    report.

    Finally, we thank Chevron for creating PIND to stimulate economic growth in the Niger Delta region.

  • ii

    Table of Contents

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................................................................ i

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................................................... vii

    Opportunity for Growth...................................................................................................................... viii

    Strategy for Growth ............................................................................................................................. ix

    Improve Value Chain Coordination ........................................................................................... ix

    Improve Production and Productivity ........................................................................................ ix

    Improve Processing to Meet the Supply Chain Needs of the HQCF Market ............................ ix

    Strengthen Coordination and Advocacy Bodies ........................................................................ x

    Special Considerations for PIND in the Design of its Pilot Activities ......................................... x

    INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................... 1

    Overview .............................................................................................................................................. 1

    Reasons for Selecting Cassava Value Chain ...................................................................................... 2

    Methodology ........................................................................................................................................ 2

    Structure of the Report......................................................................................................................... 3

    THE END MARKETS .............................................................................................................................. 4

    Traditional Food Oriented Market ........................................................................................................ 4

    Garri ........................................................................................................................................... 5

    Fufu ............................................................................................................................................ 7

    Kpokpo Garri .............................................................................................................................. 7

    Edible Starch .............................................................................................................................. 8

    Abacha ....................................................................................................................................... 8

    Industrial Market .................................................................................................................................. 8

    High Quality Cassava Flour - HQCF .......................................................................................... 8

    Starch ......................................................................................................................................... 9

    Cassava Chips ......................................................................................................................... 11

    Ethanol ..................................................................................................................................... 11

    PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING .................................................................................................... 12

    Cassava Production ........................................................................................................................... 12

    Cassava Varieties .................................................................................................................... 13

    Processing Activities in the Niger Delta ............................................................................................. 17

    Large Scale Starch Production in the Niger Delta ................................................................... 19

    THE VALUE CHAIN MAP .................................................................................................................... 21

    Description by Function ..................................................................................................................... 21

    Cassava Producers .................................................................................................................. 21

    Traders ..................................................................................................................................... 23

    Cassava Processing ................................................................................................................ 24

    Description by Channel ......................................................................................................................... 25

    Small Scale Production for Traditional Food............................................................................ 25

    Medium Scale Production for Improved Food Products .......................................................... 25

    Large Scale Production for Industrial Products ....................................................................... 25

    Supporting Organizations and Regulatory Framework ......................................................................... 26

    Support Organizations ............................................................................................................. 26

    Quality and Safety Standards for Cassava in Nigeria .............................................................. 28

  • iii

    The Presidential Initiative for Cassava ..................................................................................... 28

    Tax Regime .............................................................................................................................. 29

    International Institute for Tropical Agriculture – IITA ................................................................ 31

    Donor Funded Programs.......................................................................................................... 31

    VALUE CHAIN DYNAMICSAND POINTS OF LEVERAGE ............................................................. 32

    Trends and Drivers ............................................................................................................................ 32

    Trends ...................................................................................................................................... 32

    Drivers ...................................................................................................................................... 32

    Points of Leverage ............................................................................................................................. 33

    Producer Associations ............................................................................................................. 33

    Large Processors ..................................................................................................................... 33

    Extension Service Providers .................................................................................................... 33

    Ministry of Works/NDDC/Oil Companies ................................................................................. 33

    IITA and other Donor Programs ............................................................................................... 34

    Constraints and Opportunities Matrix: .........................