Carolee Dean, April Halprin Wayland, Caroline Starr Rose, Lisa Schroeder Social Issues in...

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Carolee Dean, April Halprin Wayland, Caroline Starr Rose, Lisa Schroeder Social Issues in Contemporary Fiction and Verse Novels: Recognizing Literary Devices and the Implications for Struggling Readers Slide 2 2 Permission is granted to use the material in this power point for classroom purposes. For other uses contact Carolee Dean for permission at: caroleedean@yahoo.com To find the power point exploring literary devices for TAKE ME THERE by Carolee Dean visit the Teacher Resources section at: http://caroleedeanbooks.blogspot.com Slide 3 3 Objectives Discover why verse novels have become popular among struggling readers. Discover why verse novels have become popular among struggling readers. Find out how to get students to recognize literary and poetic devices. Find out how to get students to recognize literary and poetic devices. If time permits - Listen to poets debate the use of plotting outlines vs. the more organic approach that many poets favor. If time permits - Listen to poets debate the use of plotting outlines vs. the more organic approach that many poets favor. Slide 4 Modern Stories Told in Verse Slide 5 5 The History of Verse Novels-Carolee Dean Slide 6 Explosion of Novels in Verse With authors like Ellen Hopkins and Sonya Sones, there has been an explosion of verse novels in the past decade. Slide 7 A Brief History of Novels in Verse Are verse novels a YA/middle grade fad, a new art form, or something else? Are they even really poetry? Were there verse novels before Out of the Dust won the Newbery in 1998? Slide 8 Before Out of the Dust there was Soda Jerk by Cynthia Rylant in 1990. Soda Jerk by Cynthia Rylant in 1990. Make Lemonade by Virginia Euwer Wolff in 1993. Make Lemonade by Virginia Euwer Wolff in 1993. Slide 9 AND IF WE GO BACK JUST A LITTLE FURTHER IN TIME Slide 10 10 Homer (not Simpson) Lived around 850 b.c. the presumed creator of The Iliad and the Odyssey (Greek epic poems) Slide 11 These are among the oldest surviving works of Western literature and continue to inspire modern retellings Slide 12 Other Dead Poets Ovid - 8 a.d. created Metamorphoses Ovid - 8 a.d. created Metamorphoses Virgil 20 b.c. created Aeneid Virgil 20 b.c. created Aeneid Slide 13 13 Is it Poetry or is it Algebra? 6 feet (beats) x (1 long +2 short syllables) = Dactylic Hexameter Slide 14 Beowulf Written by an unknown anglo- saxon poet between the 8 th and 11 th centuries. Written by an unknown anglo- saxon poet between the 8 th and 11 th centuries. It is considered an Old English heroic epic poem written in alliterative long lines. It is considered an Old English heroic epic poem written in alliterative long lines. Slide 15 Seamus Heaney Translation Sometimes we dont recognize that these older works are written in verse because the poetry is lost in the translation, but in Beowulf, Heaney (2000) tried to stay true to the original poetry form. Sometimes we dont recognize that these older works are written in verse because the poetry is lost in the translation, but in Beowulf, Heaney (2000) tried to stay true to the original poetry form. Slide 16 Seamus Version a balm in bed to the battle-scarred Swede. Slide 17 Shakespeares Plays Though not novels, parts of some of Shakespeare's plays (i.e. Julius Ceasar and Hamlet) were written in blank verse, unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter. Slide 18 Dantes Divina Commedia Written 1308-1321. Written 1308-1321. preeminent work of Italian literature preeminent work of Italian literature First known use of Terza rima: ABA, BCB, CDC, etc. First known use of Terza rima: ABA, BCB, CDC, etc. Any number of stanzas are permissable, but the sequence always ends with a rhyming couplet. Any number of stanzas are permissable, but the sequence always ends with a rhyming couplet. Slide 19 Back to Modern Stories Slide 20 20 Listen to the following poem and see if you can figure out the form being used. Its written like prose to hide the structure, but the structure is there Slide 21 21 Name That Form-Round 1 Slide 22 22 My House from Forget Me Not p. 171 by Carolee Dean Back in my room I lie awake all night, tossing, turning. Getting out of bed, I look out the window at the sky, say a silent prayer, and bang my head against the glass. Hear my fathers voice as he complains about the cost of bread, ingratitude, why Mom cant make a choice to leave the couch. Shes stuck to it like glue. I hear him threaten that hell use some force to get her moving. Says hell show her who is boss. I hear him stumble as he falls into a chair, too drunk to follow through. I sneak out of my room and down the hall. Heading for the door, I hear him cry. Hear him whisper even as he bawls. If there really is a God then why did Frankie have to be the one to die? Slide 23 23 The form is Terza Rima just like in Dantes Divina Commedia Slide 24 An example of Terza Rima from My House pg. 171 Forget Me Not Back in my room I lie awake all night, A tossing, turning. Getting out of bed, B I look out the window at the sky, A (slant rhyme) say a silent prayer, and bang my head B (enjambment) against the glass. Hear my fathers voice C (enjambment) as he complains about the cost of bread, B (enjambment) ingratitude, why Mom cant make a choice C (enjambment) to leave the couch. Shes stuck to it like glue. D I hear him threaten that hell use some force C (slant rhyme) Slide 25 Forget Me Not (continued) to get her moving. Says hell show her who D (enjambment) is boss. I hear him stumble as he falls E (enjambment) into a chair, too drunk to follow through. D (end rhyme) I sneak out of my room and down the hall. E (end rhyme) Heading for the door, I hear him cry. F (end rhyme) Hear him whisper even as he bawls. E (end rhyme) If there really is a God then why F (enjambment) did Frankie have to be the one to die? F (end rhyme) Slide 26 26 Readability Statistics Found in Microsoft Word While in Spell Check go to Options Mark show readability statistics When you are finished with spell check, the statistics will appear. Slide 27 27 Readability Statistics for My House Version One-Prose- Words-140Characters-542Paragraphs-2 Sentences - 11 Sentences per paragraph 5.5 Words per sentence-12.7 Characters per word -3.7 Flesch-Kincaid Grade -3.1 Version Two-Poem Words-140Characters-542Paragraphs-17 Sentences - 11 Sentences per paragraph- 1.8 Words per sentence-5.7 Characters per word -3.7 Flesch-Kincaid Grade -0.3 Slide 28 28 What increases the difficulty of the reading level? -Length of words words -Length of sentences -Length of paragraphs Slide 29 29 April Halprin Wayland Slide 30 30 Verse Novel vs. Novel in Poems 1) Mentored my Myra Cohn Livingston 1) Mentored my Myra Cohn Livingston 2) Girl Coming in for a Landing was submitted for 10 years 2) Girl Coming in for a Landing was submitted for 10 years 3) Penny Markey, Library Administrator for Youth Services for the County of Los Angeles Public Library, in charge of 85 County libraries' children's programs, encouraged me to keep trying because "Novels in poems were flying off the shelves in juvenile halls. If a student has never finished reading a whole novel before, he or she can read a novel in one sitting and feel triumphant" 3) Penny Markey, Library Administrator for Youth Services for the County of Los Angeles Public Library, in charge of 85 County libraries' children's programs, encouraged me to keep trying because "Novels in poems were flying off the shelves in juvenile halls. If a student has never finished reading a whole novel before, he or she can read a novel in one sitting and feel triumphant" Slide 31 31 Novels in verse are perfect for low readers because they often -Use short words and sentences with few true paragraphs -Build in natural pauses -Leave a lot of white space on the page -Are descriptive but use mostly nouns and verbs, allowing the reader to form concrete images -Incorporate sensory images -Present complete ideas in a short space. Each poem is its own unit. You can talk about the main idea after one page instead of muddling through a 15 page chapter. Slide 32 32 How do you feel when you see a page like this? Slide 33 33 Versus a page like this? Slide 34 34 Name That Form-Round 2 Slide 35 35 From Girl Coming in for a Landing by April Halprin Wayland When do I count the clock that tells the time and see my whole day gone and all its light; when I sort out this (poems) classic rhyme and try to comprehend with all my might; when it occurs to me that Ill be teased by fellow students after they have heard my (poem) said upon these trembling knees, my fervent wish? That Im disguised (with beard). Then of my wisdom do I question make. What was I thinking when I said Id try for Drama Clubwas I not yet awake? Now I must climb from this black hole hereby; for nothing gainst Mr. J. can make defense Save bribes, to brave him when he hears me hence. Save bribes, to brave him when he hears me hence. Flesch Kincaid Grade Level 3.7 Slide 36 36 My Version of William Shakespeares Sonnet Number Twelve From Girl Coming in for a Landing by April Halprin Wayland When do I count the clock that tells the time And see my whole day gone and all its light; When I sort out this sonnets classic rhyme And try to comprehend with all my might; When it occurs to me that Ill be teased By fellow students after they have heard My sonnet said upon these trembling knees, My fervent wish? That Im disguised (with beard). Then of my wisdom do I question make. What was I thinking when I said Id try For Drama Clubwas I not yet awake? Now I must climb from this black hole hereby; For nothing gainst Mr. J. can make defense Save bribes, to brave him when he hears me hence. Flesch Kincaid Grade Level 0.9 Flesch Kincaid Grade Level 0.9 Slide 37 37 Lisa Schroeder Slide 38 38 Verse novels can be used to make students more aware of the sounds within words. - Alliteration (The repetition of initial consonant sounds.) - Assonance (The repetition of vo