Canary Wharf

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The project of Canary Wharf London

Transcript of Canary Wharf

  • A new omphalos for the Empire:

    POLITECNICO DI MILANO - SCUOLA DI ARCHITETTURA CIVILE CULTURE OF URBAN DESIGN

    Massimo M. Brignoli, PhD.

    THE CANARY WHARF

  • context background process design development criticism conclusions

    context

    background

    process

    urban design

    development

    criticism

    conclusions

  • LONDON - EAST END

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

  • LONDON - EAST END

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

  • LONDON - EAST END

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

    When Sir Nigel Broackes was asked to Chair of the London Docklands Development

    Corporation, he could not find Canary Wharf on any map, or even in the Encyclopaedia

    Britannica(!):

    After the first phone call, I went to my bookcase for the A-Z Gazetteer. London stopped

    at the Tower. So I went to the Encyclopaedia Britannica and, again, London stops at the

    Tower. Now, Ive driven through and past Docklands countless times but had never been in

    the Docks because there were police and customs officials and that kind of thing

    Sir Nigel Broackes (Chair, LDDC, 1987)

  • LONDON - EAST END

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

  • THE DOCKLANDS

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

  • ISLE OF DOGS

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

  • context background process design development criticism conclusions

    LOCAL COMMUNITIES:

    Stepney

    Poplar

    Isle of Dogs

    Bermondsey

    Greenwich

    Millennium Dome

    [distinctive bend in the River

    Thames]

  • CANARY WHARF

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

  • ACCESSIBILITY BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    Canary Wharf :

    Docklands Light

    Rail

    Jubilee Line

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

  • LONDON 1832

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  • LONDON 1843

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  • Palace of Placentia former Tudors Birthplace of Henry VIII and

    Elizabeth I

    Later Royal Naval College

    Greenwich Park

    Royal Observatory

    Prime Meridian

    Isle of Dogs

    Kennels of Henry the VIIIs spaniel hunting dogs (?)

    West India Docks

    Canary Wharf is in the

    middle

    THIS IS THE SUBJECT OF

    OUR STUDY

    1801

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  • LONDONS PORT

    London Docks Commercial Docks West India Docks East India Docks Royal Docks

    (Surrey)

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  • West India Docks by William Daniell, 1805

    Canary Wharf was

    originally called the Rum Quay because of its trade with the West Indies.

    The Wharf got its present

    name because, after the

    last war, this is where the

    Fred Olsen Line discharged

    bananas and tomatoes

    imported from the Spanish

    Canary Islands off the

    coast of Africa.

    exports inports

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

    MAIN ELEMENTS OF

    THE ANCIENT

    SETTLEMENTS:

    5 storey warehouses

    Housing for the rich and

    poor

    Farms, farming villages

    Cottages

  • 1900-1945

    Launching of the Mauritania from the Royal Docks

    The Blitz

    Brick row houses for the workers and St. Annes Church

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

  • 1945-1975

    BEGINNING OF DECLINE

    Changes in the shipping industry:

    - Containerisation meant bigger ships with deep

    drafts that could not make it this far up the Thames

    - Mechanisation of the loading and unloading process

    meant lower labour requirements

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

  • 1945-1975

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

    Important to note the dark side

    The allocation of public housing was a racial issue in

    the Docklands:

    Past policies gave priority to children of existing

    residents, maintaining the close knit local communities

    and also keeping them largely white.

    The demands for housing for local people were partly a reflection of the tensions over racial integration.

    Community:

    Several generations of Dockers as a tight knit

    community

    Distinctive Cockney accent

    Housing:

    Public housing built to replace houses lost during the

    Battle of Britain

    Housing has been typified as Le Corbusier-style cement

    boxes, poorly maintained by local boroughs

  • 1930s

    35 million tons of cargo

    55,000 ship movements

    10,000 lighters

    100,000 employed by Port of London

    premise for redevelopment

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

  • context background process design development criticism conclusions

    premise for redevelopment

    1930s

    35 million tons of cargo

    55,000 ship movements

    10,000 lighters

    100,000 employed by Port of London

    1966-1976

    150,000 jobs lost

    20% of all jobs in London

    2% of all Great Britain

  • Built environment

    200 ha of derelict land on Isle of Dogs

    35 ha on Canary Wharf

    Owned by Port of London Authority

    Poor transportation

    Poor connection to the city (most of

    the Dockers walked to work)

    Many walked through the pedestrian

    tunnel under the Thames to Greenwich.

    Buildings

    Warehouses

    Row houses

    Council housing

    Waterfront access

    A problem or an opportunity?

    context background process design development criticism conclusions

    premise for redevelopment

  • Labour Government commissioned five studies, which were completed between 1971

    and 1973

    1

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    2

    4

    5

    World exhibition

    proposals for redevelopment

    3

  • context background process design development criticism conclusions

    proposals for redevelopment

    With these proposals in hand, the Docklands Joint Committee was formed in

    1973.

    Representatives from local boroughs led a public process to develop Docklands

    Strategic Plan.

    The Committee had a target of creating 6,000 new dwellings and 12,000 new jobs

    by 1982.

    But, by 1981, despite good intentions and good public participation, only 1,300

    new dwellings were completed in 8 years. Only 800 new jobs had been created,

    which was overshadowed by the 8,500 jobs had been lost in the same period.

  • 1979 THATCHER TAKES POWER

    Those sorts of statistics dont bode well when someone like Margaret Thatcher comes into power.

    Thatchers approach to redevelopment: prime the pump for private investment!

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    MICHAEL HESELTINE

    Michael Heseltine, a former land developer, became Secretary of State for the

    Environment, which in Britain is responsible for issues such as reclamation and housing

    "I had found myself in in small plane, heading in that direction by way

    of the London's East End. My indignation at what was happening on

    the South Bank was as nothing compared to my reaction to the

    immense tracts of dereliction I now observed. The rotting docks -

    long since abandoned for deep-water harbours able to take modern

    container ships downstream - the crumbling infrastructure that had

    once supported their thriving industry and vast expanses of polluted

    land left behind by modern technology and enhanced

    environmentalism. The place was a tip: 6,000 acres of forgotten

    wasteland (quote from Heseltines autobiography)

  • context background process design development criticism conclusions

    Those sorts of statistics dont bode well when someone like Margaret Thatcher comes into power.

    Thatchers approa