Camera shots, angles, movement

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2. What is a shot? A shot is a series of frames, that runs for an uninterrupted period of time. Film shots are an essential aspect of a movie where angles, transitions and cuts are used to further express emotion, ideas and movement. In production, a shot is the moment that the camera starts rolling until the moment it stops. In film editing, a shot is the continuous footage or sequence between two edits or cuts. 3. Camera Shot Categories Extreme Long shot Long shot Wide Shot Establishing shot Mid / Medium Shot Medium Close-up Close up shot Extreme Close Up Birds eye view shot Over the shoulder shot Point of view shot Two Shot 4. Extreme Long Shot A wider frame value in which subjects in the frame are small; a building, cityscape. 5. Long Shot A shot which displays a full figure from top to tip showing the entire object or human figure. 6. Wide Shot Long shot as a "wide shot" because it often requires the use of a wide-angle lens. 7. Establishing Shot When a long shot is used to set up a location and its participants in film and video, it is called a establishing shot. 8. Mid / Medium Shot A shot displaying the human figure / object in half. 9. Medium Close-up A shot which displays the figure in a little close-up form but the head and shoulders are very much in the frame. 10. Close-up shot It is a type of shot, which tightly frames a person or an object. Close-ups display the most detail, but they do not include the broader scene. 11. Extreme Close Up The shot is so tight that only a detail of the subject, such as someone's eyes, can be seen 12. Birds eye shot A bird's-eye view is an elevated view of an object from above, with a perspective as though the observer were a bird. 13. Over the shoulder shot An over the shoulder shot (also over shoulder, OS, OTS, or third-person shot) is a shot of someone or something taken from the perspective or camera angle from the shoulder of another person. 14. Point of view shot A point of view shot (also known as POV shot or a subjective camera) shows what a character (the subject) is looking at (represented through the camera). 15. Two-Shot A Two shot is a type of shot employed in the film industry in which the frame encompasses a view of two people (the subjects). 16. Guessing game! Behold! 17. Camera Angle The camera angle marks the specific location at which a camera is placed to take a shot. A scene may be shot from several camera angles simultaneously 18. Camera Angle Categories High Angle shot Low Angle shot Eye-level camera angle 19. High Angle shot A high angle shot is usually when the camera angle is located above the eyeline. Connotes inferiority. 20. Low Angle shot A low-angle shot, is a shot from a camera positioned low on the vertical axis, anywhere below the eyeline, looking up. Connotes superiority. 21. Eye-level camera angle It is a shot when the camera is positioned on the same level as that of the character in the film. 22. Camera Movement Categories Panning Tilt Zoom Tracking / Dolly 23. Panning Panning refers to the rotation in a horizontal plane of a camera. 24. Tilt Technique in which the camera is stationary and rotates in a vertical plane 25. Zoom A camera movement requiring a zoom lens ("zoom in/out") 26. Tracking / Dolly The camera is mounted to the dolly and the camera assistant usually ride on the dolly to operate the camera. For smooth movement. 27. Pop quiz What was the vertical movement of the camera called? horizontal?