Business And Climate Change March 2010

download Business And Climate Change March 2010

of 21

  • date post

  • Category


  • view

  • download


Embed Size (px)


Presentation looking at climate science, business drivers, action and opportunities for leading company who are taking action to save money and minimise environmental damage around the world

Transcript of Business And Climate Change March 2010

  • 1. Climate Change and Business: Science, outlook, action, opportunities Belgrade 19 thMarch 2010 Toby Webb, Ethical Corporation [email_address]

2. Is this the future? 3. Climate change: The facts

  • Climate change ishappening ! Slowly, but may accelerate fast
  • It's definitelyman-made , whatever else nature is doing
  • Research showsaccelerated warmingsince 1950
  • Pre-industrial levels were around280 PPMin 1750 (guesswork extrapolated from 1850)
  • Earth currently at380-90PPM CO2 . Needs to be below350ppm
  • Top ten years (highest ever temperatures)since 1990

4. Extreme weather incidences are likely to increase 5. Climate change: The predictions

  • If we stabilize at 400 PPM: 50/50 chance of2 Degreerise
  • BUT only pollution (aerosols reflecting solar radiation) is keeping us below 400 PPM now!
  • At 550 PPM there is a 50/50 chance of a3 Degreerise, (which could be 4.5-5 if wrong)
  • Currently: Headed for2-3.5 degreerise in next fifty or so years. Some think this could be higher
  • This could rise to 5-12 degrees by 2099 (different temps in
  • different areas, season and latitude dependent)
  • IPCC says " peak carbon ' date is2015= Post Copenhagen negotiations in 2010/12 vital!

6. Your insurance will cost more 7. What will GHG's and global warming affect?

  • Temperatures / Rain Pattern / Sea Levels / Glaciers ( 60,000 retreating ) / Ice Caps / Sea Ice / Extreme Weather events
  • By 2080 UK could be seeing up to4.5 degreerises in Summer months: Huge impact on agriculture, water, health
  • Increased risk ofconflict : Bangladesh, climate refugees, Darfur, African agriculture, water shocks)
  • Oceanacidification : impact on coral, fish stocks, sea biodiversity
  • Agriculture will be hugely affected: Tropics and poles see more rain. Semi arid areas will see less (Mediterranean)
  • Globalbiodiversitywill change, species will die out, natural resources will be affected


  • 50% global reduction in CO2by 2050 for 2 degree rise
  • Reality will be likely a4 degree rise
  • OECD nations (the richest!) need tocut CO2 output by 80%by 2050
  • UKonly country to have passed laws setting firm targets. 42% by 2020,80% by 2050
  • 2010Copenhagen accordset aim of limiting global warming to maximum 2c over pre-industrial levels (280ppm) but not a binding treaty. Failure expected in Mexico, national/regional systems likely
  • European Uniontarget is to cut emissions by 20/30% on 1990 levels by 2020

Climate change: The predictions 9. McKinsey climate change scenarios :

  • No change in policy= temp rise up to7 degrees/ 1-2 billion people overwhelmed / 4 billion people at risk / Floods and water shortages / Total ice cap melt / Amazon may die
  • Developed nations lead the way,spend$350 bnper year by 2030 = sea levels rise / low level islands threatened / hunger increases slower than scenario 1 / Canada and Northern Europe become more productive / Major increase in extreme weather events
  • Global action , spend is$565 bnper year by 2030 = World warms only2 degrees/ hotter areas suffer on crop yields / some ice at poles remains / increase in bad weather and floods, but manageable / tropical disease spread is significant, but limited

10. Climate refugees are guaranteed 11. Business impacts:

  • Companiesdirectly responsiblefor at least40%of all global greenhouse gas emissions
  • 2009 PWC CEO survey:40% of CEOswerenot concernedaboutclimate change .7%of CEOs extremely concerned.42%extremely concerned abouteconomic downturn
  • UN/Trucoststudy says if biggest companies held accountable for environmental costs,1/3 of profitswould be lost
  • Total corporate environmental damage cost estimated at$2.2 trillionin 2008
  • Three billion carsexpected on the roads by 2050. Prius sales represent 6.4% of Toyotas total annual sales in 2009

12. Business and Climate Change:The future agenda

  • Electric vehiclesand electrified transportation systems: Toyota, Nissan, GM, Hybrids, plug-in cars, fuel cell technology
  • Decarbonised electricity : power generating firms andCCS
  • Decentralised power generation:renewable energy & feed in tariffs
  • Solar technology ( concentrated solar power ,photovoltaics )
  • BIG Improvementsto what we have:insulation , manufacturing, efficiency gains, design changes to buildings, improvements to existing infrastructure
  • Smartercommunications technology: Traffic, energy management etc
  • Biofuels : second generation (non food crops, ethanol)

13. Business and Govt action:

  • Wal-Mart:committed to being supplied 100% by renewable energy, creating zero waste and selling environmentally-friendly products
  • BT :80% carbon emissions reduction target by 2020
  • ArcelorMittal , Corusand ThyssenKrupp :1 billion Euro research project on gas recycling and CCS in EU
  • Interface:Aiming to beenvironmentally neutralby 2020. 60% achieved
  • South Korea:South KoreaGreen Growth Plan : $84bn five-year programme to develop green industry as growth engine for entire Korean economy

14. Business action:

  • Tesco : 100 million climate technologies fund, pledged to cut energy usage per square foot by50%by 2010, compared to 2000 levels
  • Iberdrola : Worlds largest provider of renewable energy: 44GW of renewable assets at different stages of development,95%of it wind power
  • Shell:Includes cost of carbon emissions when budgeting for all new projects
  • Unilever : Reduced CO2 emissions in manufacturing operations by more than30%in a decade
  • Lafarge : 20% cut in net emissions per tonne of cement worldwide and a10%cut in absolute emissions in industrialized countries by 2010, from 1990 levels

15. Business and Climate Change 16. Business and Climate ChangeMarks and Spencer: Achievements, commitments, opportunities

    • Plan Alaunched January 2007
    • Stores 10% more energy efficient. Logistics 20% more fuel efficient
    • Reduced food packaging by 16% and food carrier bag usage by 83%.Saved 50 million in 2009
    • 2010:80 new commitments . Complement the existing 100 which will still be delivered by 2012 (45 already achieved).
    • Build Plan A into every one of the 2.7 billion individual M&S products sold each year by 2020 ( 50% of products by 2015 )
    • Help 1 million M&S customers develop their ownpersonal Plan Aby 2015 and 3 million by 2020.
    • 100,000 prize (Your Green Idea) for thebest customer ideato help green M&S
    • Offering employeesfree loft insulation

17. Business and Climate ChangeVodafone Group:Plans and strategies:

    • Climate change strategytwo key elements :
    • Cut emissions by50% by 2020(from the 2006/07 baseline).
    • Provide products and services to help customers reduce their emissions
    • Improving energy efficiency, making greater use of renewably generated energy
    • Networks account for more than80%of the CO2 emissions
    • Using morerenewable energy . Exploring opportunities to install more on-site
    • Help customers reduce carbon footprint. Reducing the need to travel andfacilitating intelligent energy management systems .
    • Research by the Global e-Sustainability Initiative suggests that ICT technology could help other industries and consumers avoid 7.8 gigatonnes of CO2-equivalent emissions 15% of predicted total global emissions by 2020

18. Business and Climate Change 19. Can we make green cool for consumers? 20. Business and Climate ChangeResources: Ethical Corporation website and IPCC : Tyndall Centre : YouTube science videos. Search for Potholer54 channel DailyClimate : The Climate Group : 21. Business and Climate ChangeResources: FC Business Intelligence websites: (solar) (solar) (solar) Thank you! +44 (0) 207 375 7561.