Building Information Modelling at GCU, Development of a BIM Centre of Expertise

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Graham Hayne (GCU, BIM Centre). Presentation given at the DEDICATE final seminar (Glasgow University, 21st October 2013)

Transcript of Building Information Modelling at GCU, Development of a BIM Centre of Expertise

Development of a BIM Centre of ExpertiseBuilding Information Modelling at GCU

GCUs ResearchWe have a strong reputation for innovative research with the last Research Assessment Exercise ranking our research in the Built and Natural Environment in the top 20 universities in the UK.

Research outputs have been adopted as strategy objectives in RPP2 (Research on Policies and Proposals for a Low Carbon Scotland)

In Health & Safety our research has informed the development of Legal Guidance on the application of the Construction (Design & Management) Regulations (2007), findings and recommendations have also been incorporated into training materials for HSE approved Construction Skills safety courses

We are working closely with Teesside University and are jointly supervising 2 BIM related PhDs

GCUs Vision for our Centre of ExpertiseThe GCU, Centre of Expertise endeavours to create better outcomes during the creation and operation of our built environment through world leading BIM foresight and research that can be practically applied by industry.

Our vision is to reform our industry through a digitally enabled agenda which will integrate all the players in the asset lifecycle.Visiting Professorial AppointmentsDavid sits on the UK BIM Task Group, who are co-ordinating the UK BIM processes (PAS1192:2 and 3) and BIM protocols as well as EU and Local Authority BIM adoption. Chair of several BIM working groups such as BIM4PrivateClients and sits on the committee of BIM4Infrastructure, BIM4Retail and BIM4SMEs. He is Chair of the BIM4Steering group which co-ordinates the activities of the different UK BIM working groups.Chair of CIOB BIM working GroupDavid Philp: Global Head of BIM at Mace and previously BIM Programme Director at Balfour BeattyHead of BIM Implementation for the Cabinet Office, H.M. Government where he is responsible for ensuring that central departments are fully level 2 BIM enabled by 2016.

Visiting Professorial AppointmentsChimay Anumba: Head of the Dept of Architectural Engineering at Pennsylvania State UniversityProduced the worlds first BIM Project Execution Planning Guide (PEP) & the BIM Owners Guide. Leading Global Expert in BIM processes and technologies.

Past Chair of the EG-ICE: European Group for Intelligent Computing in EngineeringHas sat on the Governing Council of the Institution of Civil EngineersFellow of RAEngResearch interests include: advanced engineering informatics, concurrent engineering, knowledge management and collaborative communications

Graham HaynePhD Student Glasgow Caledonian University

Graham Hayne

King Abdulaziz Centre for World CultureDhahran, Saudi Arabia. (2008-Present)Graham Hayne

Graham Hayne

Design for SafetySignificant amount of research shows that up to half the accidents on site have a link to the design.Link is a sufficient rather than necessaryLack of knowledge, experience and training to design safelyThe CDM regulations are seen as bureaucratic and a box ticking exercisePressures from external factors: economic, programme and other design team members etc.

Graham Hayne

Philosophy of EngineeringEngineering is a combination of craft knowledge, rules of thumb and the application of science.Historically master builders were the architect, engineer, cost consultant and contractor.Rising through the profession based on capability and proficient in maths and science as well as craft knowledge.Ingeniator Latin for ingenious, used to describe military personnel involved in military infrastructure and machines.

Graham Hayne

Philosophy of DesignBuilding design is an approximation to achieve a satisfactory and safe solutionDesign is an iterative process of problem solvingDesigners choices are guided by experience which is gained over timeDesigners often fail to see solutions in isolation

Graham Hayne

Philosophy of ScienceA desire to understand and control nature: Know thatScientists have historically been intellectuals. Science is generally founded on a positivist philosophy.Science is seeking knowledge that is accurate.

Graham Hayne

Recent developments in building engineeringUniversities have become the predominant teachers of engineering. Intellectualising the process.ICE and IStructE made it very difficult to become chartered without a degreeLost the balance between technical colleges / UniversitiesICE and IStructE requirements for site experience has been vastly reducedDraughtsmen have become CAD technicians or computer operators

Graham Hayne

Computer says no!Impact of Digital Technology on Engineering DesignThe output of computers are rarely challengedComputer becomes the source of all knowledgeWe have moved away from the traditional method of workingTriangulateAffiliatingDeliberatingConsolidatingObsession with accuracy

Graham Hayne

Impact of Digital Technology on Engineering DesignEngineers are seduced into using software that may not be particularly suitableProduce information based on capability of software, not based on what the industry requires.

Graham Hayne

Impact of Digital Technology on Engineering DesignDo engineers understand what they see?

Graham Hayne

The way forwardCarryout research into how undergraduate students and graduate engineers perceive hazards in digital outputDevelop a framework for a BIM tool that will be able to disseminate the knowledge, both tacit and codified that is in danger of being lost

References:BEHM, M., 2005. Linking construction fatalities to the design for construction safety concept. Safety Science, 43(8), pp. 589-611. Gambatese, J.A., 2008. Research Issues in Prevention through Design. Journal of Safety Research, 39(2), pp. 153-156. Gibb, A, Haslam, R, Hide, S and Gyi, D (2004). The role of design in accident causality. In hecker, S., Gambatese, J. and Weinstein, M. (Eds), Designing for Safety and Health in Construction: Proc., Research and Practice Symposium, UO Press, Eugene.Zhou,W., Whyte,J., Sacks,R., (2012), Construction safety and digital design: A review, Automation in Construction, vol.22, pp.102-111.Plommer, H., (2008), Vitruvius and Later Building Manuals. Cambridge University PressSimon, (1982), Sciences of the artificial. The MIT Press, Cambridge MAAlexander (1964) Notes on the synthesis of form, Harvard University Press, Cambridge MAKuhn (2012), The structure of scientific revolutions, The University of Chicago PressBlockley (1980), The nature of structural design and safety, Ellis Horwood Ltd, Chichester.Henderson (1999), On line and on paper, Visual culture, and computer graphics in design engineering, MIT Press, Cambridge MAWeick, (1985), Cosmos vs Chaos: Sense and nonsense in electronic contexts, Organisational Dynamics, vol. 14, no. 2, pp51-64

Graham Hayne