Building England’s Castles

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Building England’s Castles A look at some of the chosen locations and building materials, and a peek into their history Kathy Deraitus September 1, 2006

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Building England’s Castles. A look at some of the chosen locations and building materials, and a peek into their history. Kathy Deraitus September 1, 2006. Locations of Corfe, Lulworth and Portland Castles. Map by Google.com. Introduction. Castles Location Materials Design. Location. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Building England’s Castles

Page 1: Building England’s Castles

Building England’s Castles

A look at some of the chosen locations and building materials, and a peek into their history

Kathy DeraitusSeptember 1, 2006

Page 2: Building England’s Castles

Locations of Corfe, Lulworth and Portland Castles

Corfe Castle

Lulworth Castle

Portland Castle

Map by Google.com

Page 3: Building England’s Castles

Introduction

CastlesLocationMaterialsDesign

Page 4: Building England’s Castles

Location

Military DefensesKings and QueensLords and LadiesLowliest Peasants

Show of Strength and Power/Royal Retreat

Mighty Symbol of Middle Ages

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Materials—Historic Progression Hill forts of ditches and banks Timber fortifications Stone

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Corfe Castle

Located northwest ofSwanage on the

Isle of Purbeck

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Corfe Castle—Location

Built on a natural conical hill of chalk

Overlooking a ravine used as a main route to the inland

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Corfe Castle—Materials

Local Purbeck limestone

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Corfe Castle—Materials

Wall filler—chert pebbles

Wide wall structures were made up of inner and outer walls and filler material

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Corfe Castle—Design

The “Keep”, or the inner tower, was the heart of the Norman castle

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Corfe Castle—Design

Herringbone pattern comes from a Saxon style of stone work

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Corfe Castle—History

Untimely visit of King Edward

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Lulworth Castle—Location

Sits on 20 sq miles of hunting lands

Beautiful coastline Built as a hunting

lodge for entertaining royalty

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Lulworth Castle—Materials

Constructed from Purbeck-Portland limestone

Quarried from Tilly Whim Caves, Dancing Ledge and Winspit

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Lulworth Castle—Design

Classical appearance

Not built for defense

Built for looks—for attracting royalty

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Portland Castle—Location

Overlooks Portland harbor on the northeast coast of the Isle of Portland

Strategic defensive location

English Heritage Photo Library

Page 17: Building England’s Castles

Portland Castle—Materials

Made from local white Portland limestone

Quarried from the Isle of Portland

English Heritage Photo Library

English Heritage Photo Library

Page 18: Building England’s Castles

Portland Castle—Design

Built as an artillery fort

Also known as a device fort

Henry VIII was personally involved in the castle’s design

English Heritage Photo Library

English Heritage Photo Library

Page 19: Building England’s Castles

Summary

Location Chosen according to needs—usually

for defense

Materials Evolved from dirt to timber to stone Stone quarried locally

Design Critical for military success