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  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Prof. Nabil Nasr Director, National Center for Remanufacturing & Resource Recovery

    Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT)

    January 21, 2007

    Building a Sustainable Future Through Innovative Technologies

    Presentation to: The APEC Market Access Group

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    NC3R is internationally-recognized as a leading center for applied research in remanufacturing.

    NC3R’s mission is to deliver to industry advanced technologies and tools for efficient and cost-effective remanufacturing that have no negative environmental impacts.

    Core Areas •Sustainable Design for Remanufacturing •Structural & Material Analysis •Clean Technologies •Intelligent Testing & Diagnostics •Life Cycle Engineering •Condition assessment and non-destructive testing •Enterprise planning for remanufacturing •Logistics & Policy

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Examples of CIMS Sponsors

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Recognition AWARDS 2006 Most Value National Pollution Prevention Award

    2004 New York State Environmental Excellence Award

    2004 NCAT Defense Manufacturing Excellence Award

    2002 Governor’s Award for Pollution Prevention

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Why Remanufacturing?

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Net Use of Materials in the U.S.

    Source: (Interagency Working Group for Industrial Ecology, Mater ials and Energy Flow, 1998)

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    The Natural Balance (Post-Industrial Revolution)

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Sustainability Defined

    EnvironmentalEnvironmental SocialSocial EconomicEconomic

    Development that meets the needs of the present Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet without compromising the ability of future generations to meet

    their own needstheir own needs

    —— The World Commission on Environmental and Development, 1987The World Commission on Environmental and Development, 1987

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Pathway to a Sustainable Economy Some key elements

    Sustainable Production •Pollution Prevention •Safe & Healthy Workplaces •Environmental Management Systems •Workforce Engagement

    Sustainable Products •Life-cycle Driven Product Design •Healthy Products •Product Labeling •Green Procurement

    Closed-Loop, Sustainable Product Systems •Cradle-to-cradle Product Management •Reuse, Remanufacturing Recycling •Zero-to-waste •Transition from Products to Service

    Sustainable Economy •Closed-loop, Sustainable Product Systems •Stakeholder Engagement •Renewable Energy •Dematerialized Economy •Green Chemistries •Biobased Products

    The Path to a Sustainable Economy

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    3 Phased Journey to Sustainable Product Systems

    Innovation Based Design Design for the Life-Cycle System/integration Prod. & Service Support Strategies

    Sustainable Design Tools & Methods Clean Processes Life-Cycle Design Knowledge Base

    Life Cycle Analysis Total Cost of Ownership Sustainable Materials Process Technology Education & Certification

    PHASE 1 Sustainable Tools, Methodology, &

    Education

    PHASE 2 Sustainable Design

    Processes

    PHASE 3 Sustainable Product

    Systems

    DISCOVERY Opportunistic STRATEGIC

    Marketing Logistics

    Remanufacture Service

    Product  Disposition

    Transportation Elements of  Product  Life‐Cycle

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Product Life Cycle

    Design

    Raw Material Acquisition

    Earth & Ecosystem

    Processing of Materials

    Manu- facturing

    Assembly

    Use

    Service

    Upgrade

    Retirement

    Treatment & Disposal

    Emissions

    Closed-Loop Product Systems

    Disassembly & Inspection

    Reuse Remanu- facturing

    Material Recycling

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Disposition % by Weight

    Fuser (Fixing) Assembly, 220V

    Fuser (Fixing) Assembly, 220V Feeder Assembly

    Laser/Scanner Assembly Cover, Delivery Cover, Delivery

    Printer Drive Assembly

    Guide, Separation, Upper Cover, Right Roller, Feed Duct, Scanner Spring Tension Hinge, Stopper Spring, Torsion Plate, Roller Holder Roller, Upper, Fuser Guide, Paper Cover, Coupler Cover, Front Plate, Hinge Plate, Guide Claw , Separation Roller, Low er Spring, Torsion Rail, Fuser (Fixing) Cover, Front, Engine Upper Cover Assy Coupler, Fixing Lever, Delivery Sensing, Fuser Cover, Fixing Roller Guide Feeder Spring, Leaf Cover, Front, Sub

    Top Cover Assembly Gear, 42T/99T

    Lever, Holding, Right, Fuser Cover, Upper Plate, Terminal Plate, Holder Label, Jam Removal Plate, Grounding Gear, 17T/57T

    Lever, Holding, Left, Fuser Cover, Left Sheet, Insulating Plate, Duct, Front Latch Cover, Electrical Gear, 41T Crossmember, Separation Guide Guide, Entrance Block, Shaft Holding, F Mount, Fan Cover, Left, Low er

    Open/Close Cover, Assembly Gear, 17T/75T

    Spring, Tension Guide, Cable Block, Shaft Holding, R Arm, Lock, Inter Cover, Electrical Stopper. Delivery Gear, 73T

    Label, Caution Holder Bushing Spring, Leaf Shutter Tray, Face-Dow n Output Tray, Delivery Gear, 27T/30T

    Diode Holder Assembly Holder, Thermostat Arm, Registration, Paper Sensor Fan Cover, Pow er Sw itch

    Cover, Right Door Assembly Gear, 26T/39T

    Fixing, Cable, 2 Lever, Control Cover, Static Charge Eliminator Spring, Tension Spring, Compression Cover, Right

    Heater, Halogen, 110V Plate, Thermosw itch Frame, Transfer Cable, Laser Cover, Right Rear Cover, Open/Close, Right

    Heater, Halogen, 220V Ring, Grounding Eliminator, Static Charge Cable, Scanner Motor Guide Cover Guide, Cover Surface Temp. Sensor Unit Plate, Grounding Plate, Terminal Cable, BD Spring, Torsion

    Stopper, Open/Close

    Thermosw itch Plate, Right Cable, Paper Sensor Cable, ILS Panel, Control Front Lever

    Gear, 29T Plate, Left Compression Spring, Front Cover, Cable Control (Display) Panel

    Gear, 25T Guide, Separation Compression Spring, Rear Support, PCB

    Panel, Control Front (WX)

    Gear, 18T Screw , Stepped, W/Washer, M3 Varistor Spring, Tension Label, Jam Removal

    Gear, 14T Frame, Fixing IC, Photo, TLP1230 Spring, Compression Cable Assembly Gear, 48T Guide, Separation Clip, Cable Tray, Face-Up Output Spring Compression Roller, Delivery Cover, Cable, DC Gear, 20T Bearing, Ball Bushing Mount, Control Roller Label, Caution Gear, 20T Plate, Shield Plate, Guide

    Plate, Compression Guide Spring, Torsion Spring, Compression Fixing, Cable, 3 Guide, Separation Label, 110V Holder, Heater Label, 220V Roller, Delivery, Fixing Bushing Roller, Cold Offset

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies*National Safety Council

    The Gold Mines

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    What is Remanufacturing?

    An industrial process in which non-functional or retired products are restored to like-new conditions.

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    What is Remanufacturing? A more detailed definition of remanufacturing:

    A product is considered remanufactured if:

    • Its primary components come from a used product.

    • The used product is dismantled to the extent necessary to determine the condition of its components.

    • The used product’s components are thoroughly cleaned and made free from rust and corrosion.

    • All missing, defective, broken or worn parts are either restored to sound, functionally good condition, or they are replaced with new or remanufactured parts.

    • To put the product in sound working condition, such machining, rewinding, refinishing or other operations are performed as necessary.

    • The product is reassembled and a determination is made that it will operate similar new product in reliability, life cycle, and operational cost.

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Remanufacturing SectorsRemanufacturing Sectors • Defense • Aerospace • Automotive • Medical Equipment • Electrical Apparatus • Compressors • Machinery • Office Furniture/Equipment • Tires • Toner/Inkjet Cartridges • Valves • Consumer electronics

    • Other

  • building a sustainable future through innovative technologies

    Remanufactured Products AreasRemanufactured Products Areas Office Furniture

    Plastic Products

    Saw Blades

    Iron & Steel Forgings

    Chrome Plating

    Armament Support Equip.

    Valves

    Steam Turbines

    Diesel Engine Components

    F