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BUDDHISMBy: Sandra Davis Mid-Continent University Introduction to Christian Worldview 09/09/09 Bro. Don Embry
Buddhism upholds the virtues of benevolence, perseverance, selfdiscipline, and charity. On a deeper level, Buddhism is a philosophy, a way of life, and the cultivation of ones mind. In fact, Buddhists believe that harmony stems from the mind.
Buddhism is a major world religion, or in a better sense, philosophy. It is the 4th largest religion of the world, and has about 300,000,000 followers. It explains the purpose of life, injustices and inequality in the world.
Developed in India 2500 yrs ago
Based on many of the core concepts of Hinduism The essence of Buddhism is the attainment of enlightenment Points to a way of life that avoids self-indulgence and self-denial.
The three truths of existence are dukkha, anicca, and anatta suffering, impermanence, and the absence of an eternal self. According to Buddhist teachings, no phenomenon in this world is permanent or real. There is no permanent self or "soul", for human beings are constantly changing under the influence of our surroundings and actions. Our minds are deluded to the true nature of the world, however, and we still try to hold onto our thoughts, bodies, wealth, and other earthly possessions. Trapped in the samsara of lives and deaths, with our attachment to these fleeting things, we suffer. Thus, the cause of suffering is the unenlightened mind.
The First Noble Truth is that life is sufferingYou cant live without death, frustration, etc.
The Second Noble Truth is that suffering is caused by craving and aversion
Getting what you want doesnt guarantee happiness, it deprives you of it
The Third Noble Truth is that suffering can be overcome, and true happiness can be attained
If we stop craving useless things, and live each day at a time (not living in the past or the future) we will be happy and free.
The Fourth Noble Truth is that the Noble Eight-Fold Path leads to the end of all suffering
The Eight-Fold Path
1)Right View know the truth 3)Right Intention resist self-centeredness
Ethical Conduct3)Right Speech refrain from unkind, negative speech 5)Right Action respect all life 7)Right Livelihood work for the good of others
Mental Discipline6)Right Effort exert oneself in freeing the mind of evil (egocentric thought) 8)Right Awareness elevate ones thoughts beyond the haze of emotion and mood 8) Right Meditation practice the discipline of meditation
3. Reincarnation A concept that one must go through many cycles of birth, living, and death After many such cycles, if a person releases their attachment to desire and the self, they can attain: Nirvana - a state of liberation and freedom from suffering. Nirvana can be achieved by meditating and following the guiding principles of Buddhism, such as the Four Noble Truths and the Eight-Fold Path
All of ones actions have consequences, determined by the persons intentions. If we are motivated to hurt others by greed, for instance, our actions will produce negative results. In Buddhism, those outcomes may not occur immediately after the actions, or even in this lifetime. The consequences of our actions could affect us through subsequent lives, and the universal law that governs those actions and their consequences is Karma.
Daily Practices1.Live by this moral code: Do not take the life of anything living Do not take anything not freely given to you Abstain from sexual misconduct and sensual overindulgence Refrain from untrue speech Do not consume intoxicating substances Do not lose mindfulness 2.Meditation: Training the mind to empty it of thoughts. When this happens what is important becomes clear.
SYMBOLSWheel of Life: Represents the endless cycle of life through reincarnation. Each of its eight spokes represents one of the teachings of the Eightfold Path. Lotus Flower:
A lotus is a water lily that grows in murky ponds and takes its roots in the black soil. Just as the beautiful lotus blossom grows from the mud, human beings can also detach themselves from suffering, to rise above the earthly and blossom as Buddhas The lotus symbolizes purity and divine birth. The different color lotus flowers have specific meanings: for example, the red lotus signifies the qualities of the heart while the purple lotus is the mystic lotus.
Buddhist Spiritual Leaders
Teach this triple truth to all: A generous heart, kind speech, and a life of service and compassion are the things which renew humanity. - Buddha
The mind is everything. What you think you become. - Buddha
ReferencesHalverson, D, (1996).The Compact Guide To World Religions. Bloomington: Bethany House http://www.buddhisttemple.ca/buddhism/philosophy.php accessed on 09/08/09