Brown Eyes Blue Eyes & CRT
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Brown EyesBlue Eyes& CRTBrown Eyes Blue Eyes& CRTandrea minearBEF 650Critical Race TheoryDr. Nirmala ErevellesInterim 2008
April 4, 1968Martin Luther King Jr.was assassinated by James Earl Ray
YouTube - King, Jr., Martin Luther, assassination of http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ivrjiQlewk8
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PbUtL_0vAJk DreamI teach something in class and I meet it in real life the next day.Dr. Nirmala Erevelles
For Jane Elliot, she met something in real life and was determined to teach it the next day.
Dirty Nigger. Look a Negro. Frantz Fanon, The Fact of BlacknessNegroes weren't as smart as white people. They weren't as clean. They fought a lot. Sometimes they rioted. They weren't as civilized. They smelled bad. Jane Elliotts 3rd Grade Students Perspective
Brown Eyes, Blue EyesThe Eye of the StormOn a Friday in April 1968, Jane Elliot began an experiment that would be practiced, lauded and criticized for years. She would set her students up to experience the pain of racism and discrimination. She set herself up for years of abuse that grew out of her teaching to many, an exercise in Social Justice.1984 A Class Divided (Frontline)
Racism is not limited to Black and White Americans
Brown Eyes, Blue Eyes - Jane ElliottApril 1968 (the original experiment)1970 The Eye of the Storm1984 A Class Divided (Frontline)1996 Blue Eyed (Americans/Kansas City)2001 Angry Eye (Young Adult Americans)2002 The Stolen Eye (Australia)2004 Eye Opener (Great Britain)2005 Indecently Exposed (Canada)
I think white people aren't aware that racism isn't just wearing white hoods and burning crosses. It's also fixing the system so that black votes don't get counted. It's refusing to open the polling places in precincts where most of the eligible voters are people of color. It's outlawing affirmative action at the state level even though it has proven successful. It's building more prisons than we build schools and guaranteeing that they will be filled by targeting young men of color with things like the "three strikes" legislation in California, and the DWB -- "driving while black." It's the fact that there are more children attending segregated schools in the U.S. today than there were previous to Brown vs. Board of Education. It's white flight and red-lining by financial institutions. It's television programming that portrays people of color as villains and white people as their victims. It's ballot-security systems, which are used to intimidate minority voters and so result in the very activities which they are supposedly designed to prevent. Jane ElliottDef Racism
Its not just you; its not just meIts civilization; its our society.If you could be ANYONE other than you, who would you choose to be?A president? A man on the moon? A man in the street?If you had to live the life of someone different from you, whom would you choose?A Mexican? A Black man? An Indian? A Jew?People shake their heads, Im not a racist, they say. I dont burn crosses. I dont wear sheets. I dont hurt anyone.THEY do it to each other.Who are they?A Mexican? A Black man? An Indian? A Jew?An old woman says Im tired of all this racist talk. Things are better.Aint no more lynchings.A young man sneers, So, youre taking a RACE class. Id like to see that textbook. They got more rights than white folks.The abuse is silent, but deafening.A stare. Pursed lips, furrowed brow, rolling eyes, turning head.Silence. Overpowering stillness. Torturous, abusive, Invisible hate.Inherited by our young.Ingrained in their psycheReinforced by schools catering to the affluent suburban crowdOffering business math, statistics, algebra and trigTeaching German, French, Japanese, Spanish, and LatinBut not welcoming those who speak a different language, or wear different clothesOr wear different colored skin.They go to the school of no choices.Not challenged. Not praised. Not enriched.They drop out.The rates are inequitableJust as are their circumstancesThe United States of America, the home of the free and the braveBuilt of Democratic stone, bought with Capitalist money.Where all men are equal under the law all White men(women and black men -not human, mere property.)The United States of AmericaGive me your tired, your poor,Your huddled masses yearning to breathe freeHave we forgotten?When we gonna see; its not just you and me?Its our world.So what can we do?andrea minear2008
Youve Got to be Carefully Taught South Pacific, Rodgers and HammersteinYou've got to be taughtTo hate and fear,You've got to be taughtFrom year to year,It's got to be drummedIn your dear little earYou've got to be carefully taught.
You've got to be taught to be afraidOf people whose eyes are oddly made,And people whose skin is a diff'rent shade,You've got to be carefully taught.
You've got to be taught before it's too late,Before you are six or seven or eight,To hate all the people your relatives hate,You've got to be carefully taught!
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHKzn8aHyXg&NR=1Therefore, in this paper, I argue thatMany members of the dominant (white) culture do not understand the harm that racism spreads. If they are not an active participant in a specified hate group, they may not recognize themselves as part of the problem. I have black friends, they might say. Yet they put their houses up for sale when the neighborhood becomes too colorful, or when the racial ratio tips out of their favor in their local school.I believe that in order to empathize, persons must experience. To truly understand OPPRESSION, we must put ourselves into an OTHERs shoes.
Once we understand, we must DO SOMETHING!
HistoricalThe norm is Whiteness.Everything else is "Other"How can persons of a dominant culture truly understand oppression of an "Other"?Brown Eyes, Blue EyesChanges can only occurif the system changes (if Whites surrender supremacy)Cultural CapitalVisibility/InvisibilityListen to the stories.Law/PoliticsViolence of the body/Bodies as PropertyRacialRealismColorblindnessRacism as HistoricalRacism isStructuralMimicry/AssimilationColonizationCulturalSocialEconomicMany of the concepts contained herein straddle two or more areasConceptual Framework& CRTElements ofCritical Race TheoryCultural Social EconomicMimicry/ Visibility/InvisibilityAssimilation Racial Realism ColonizationColorblindness Violence of the BodyListen to the Stories Bodies as PropertyCultural Capital Law/Politics Racism is StructuralChanges can only occur if the system changes (if whites surrender supremacy)The NORM is Whiteness -- Everything else is OTHERRacism as HistoricalHistorical
GIVEN: The NORM is WhitenessEverything else is Other
The Only way that change can occur is to change the structure of the whole system.
Because there has been a system of oppression since the beginning of time, it is unlikely that the dominant culture is willing to give up their dominance to equalize the Other.Brown Eyes, Blue Eyes Oprah (1992) An Exercise in Prejudice If an hour's worth of propaganda can convince 300 audience members, what other lies might we fall prey to? That was Jane Elliott's point exactly.
A Sincere Apology Brown-eyed audience member: Jane Elliott spoke earlier about how we were supposed to be here learning a lesson today. I think the lesson I learned is, the girl who was with me has blue eyes and the minute we walked in the door this morning, I cut my losses. As soon as someone in power told me to unload her, I did, and I went right off and I didn't challenge anybody. It's the same thing that happened in Nazi Germany 50 years ago, and that's the lesson I learned today, and I apologize.http://www.oprah.com/presents/2005/20anniv/oprah/oprah_moments_284_106.jhtml
Listen to the Stories
When they came for the Jews, I was not a Jew, so I did nothing
When they came for the Homosexuals, I was not a Homosexual, so I did nothing
When they came for the Gypsies, I was not a Gypsy, so I did nothing
Finally, when they came for me, there was no one left to do anything.
Lutheran Minister during the Holocaust
Do SomethingRacism is StructuralRacism Culturally, not biologically, definedIt is a Political concept, created as a category and comprised purely for differentiation. Racism was spawned as a social/political tool to separate and explain inequality.Racism contains/encompasses class.
YouTube - A Girl Like Me Featurette http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ybDa0gSuAcg&feature=relateds YouTube - Black doll White doll Parents cite racism in Lee's hometown
By Desiree Hunter The Associated Press
Published Sunday, May 25, 2008Tuscaloosa Newswww.Tuscaloosanews.com
The structure has a firm hold.
Racism as Historical
Colonization Need for a working classCultural capital Not valuedBodies as Property/Violence of the Body Maintain servitude
Hyper-visible/Invisible No Social Value. No Escape both at the same time
Fanon wanted to be seen as a man and only a man, but before I can even articulate myself, I am already defined by my skin.
This hyper-visibility co-exists simultaneously with the invisibility of lacking voice and agency. A black man cannot hide because his skin betrays him, yet he is not seen because he has no power.
Does My Town Have a Racist Past? How students can convert the shameful history of sundown towns in America into a rich opportunity for setting