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  • BRAZIL & JAPAN

    IMMIGRATION & VISAS

    CoordinationJoo Marques da Fonseca Neto

    Authors

    Fabiano Tatsushi KawaiIdalmir Correia da Luz

    Ren RamosSamantha Machado Mendes Sampaio

    CollaboratorGuilherme Francisco Alves Ribeiro Dias

    EMDOCSO PAULO - BRASIL

    Carolina GaruttiDaniela Lima

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    www.emdoc.comemdoc@emdoc.com

    55 11 3405 7800

  • PREFACE

    EMDOC is a company that works in the field of immigration with more than twenty years of experience.

    The mission of the company is to provide legal and immigration consulting and support in accommodation and adaptation of expatriates, with commitment and quality in its services, turning the expatriation into an enriching experience. Its success is the direct result of the intelligent and integrated performance of its professional team, which is motivated by the corporate policy, innovative organization, and advanced technological resources.

    The main purpose of this work is to inform the corporate community, professionals in the field of Human Resources and International Labor Law about the many categories of work visa contained in the Brazilian and Japanese legislations, presenting to the reader the main characteristics of the immigration law in Brazil and Japan.

    The book also describes in its appendix the statistics of these two countries, regarding the main visas of each country and the volume of visas requested in the last few years.

    This publication gives particular emphasis to the situations of tourist, business, work, temporary, and permanent visas. Other visa conditions are not described, such as: students, religious missionaries or official visas, among others.

    A broader reading of all types of visa authorized by the Brazilian legislation may be obtained in the book O Estrangeiro no Brasil Legislao e Comentrios [Foreigners in Brazil Legislation and Comments] 4th edition, 2009, which is the main source of this work for the parts related to Brazil.

    Nevertheless, when researching a specific immigration situation, the reader is recommended to seek specialized legal advice in order to obtain the best solution for a concrete case.

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  • BRAZIL & JAPAN - IMMIGRATION & VISAS

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    Table of Contents

    Preface.................................................................................................................93

    Chapter 1 Entities involved with immigration in Brazil................................97

    Ministry of Labor and Employment (MTE)............................................................97National Council of Immigration (CNIg)................................................................97Ministry of Justice (MJ).........................................................................................98

    Permanence Division of the Department of Foreign Citizens................98Division of the Federal Police Department (Federal Police)..................98

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MRE).........................................................................98Immigration Division (DIM)....................................................................99Diplomatic missions, consular divisions, vice-consulates and honorary consulates...............................................................................99

    Chapter 2 Visas and immigration controls...................................................100

    General comments .............................................................................................100The entry visa...................100Categories of entry visa...............101Tourist visa .........................................................................................................101Temporary visa ..................................................................................................102

    .Temporary visa item II: Business .......................................................102

    .Temporary visa item V: Work..............................................................103

    .General comments.............................................................................104

    .Internship (Normative Resolution no. 42/1999)...................................105

    .Rendering of technical services (Normative Resolution no. 61/2004)...106

    .Visa related to the economic group whose headquarters are a Brazilian company (Normative Resolution no. 79/2008)....................107.Employment Agreement (Normative Resolution No. 80/2008).............108

    Permanent visa ..................................................................................................110

    .General comments .............................................................................110

    .Permanent visa granted to a foreign citizen coming to Brazil to represent a Civil or Corporate Organization, economic Group or Conglomerate (regulated by Normative Resolution 62/04) ....111.Permanent visa granted to a foreign citizen coming to Brazil as an investor (regulated by Normative Resolution 84/09)........................112

    Chapter 3 Brazil Registration and enrolments required.........................114

    General comments ............................................................................................114National Registry of Foreigners (RNE)...............................................................114National Registry of Individuals of the Ministry of Finance (CPF/MF)................114Social Security and Employment Record (CTPS)..............................................115Driver's license ..................................................................................................115Cancellation of permit and registry ....................................................................115

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    Chapter 4 Brazil Main infractions and penalties......................................117

    General comments .............................................................................................117

    Chapter 5 Japan Visas and migration controls........................................118

    General comments .............................................................................................118Tourist visa .........................................................................................................118Business visa .....................................................................................................119Work visa .............................................................................................120Procedure to obtain work visas ....................121

    Chapter 6 Japan Main infractions and penalties.....................................125

    General comments ............................................................................................125

    Appendix A........................................................................................................126

    Brazil Statistics of the Ministry of Labor and Employment ..............................126

    Appendix B........................................................................................................129

    Japan Statistics of the Japanese Government ...............................................129

  • CHAPTER 1 ENTITIES INVOLVED WITH IMMIGRATION IN BRAZIL

    Ministry of Labor and Employment (MTE)

    The Ministry of Labor and Employment is the entity responsible for granting the work permit to foreign citizen.

    Based on the legal precepts of the National Council of Immigration, Federal Law no. 6.815/80 and Decree 86.715/81 (Statute of Foreigners), Consolidation of Labor Laws, and the principles of the Brazilian Federal Constitution, the Ministry of Labor analyzes the requests of work permits and decides on its granting, which, if positive, allows the foreign citizen to obtain the visa at the respective Brazilian Consulate or Embassy and enter Brazil and stay for the period of his/her mission.

    The main principles considered by the Ministry of Labor and Employment to authorize foreign citizens to work in Brazil are political, socio-economic, and cultural interests of Brazil, as well as the defense of the national worker.

    Also, the Ministry of Labor and Employment is responsible for inspecting foreign workers in Brazil, checking if the companies are complying with the worker's protection legislation, so as to fight informality in the labor market and guarantee the enforcement of the labor law.

    Work Permit administrative act of the Ministry of Labor and Employment (General Immigration Coordination) granted by means of a request by a Brazilian company, according to the legislation in force, which allows foreign citizens to work in Brazil, either with an employment agreement or not, by means of a temporary or permanent visa.

    National Council of Immigration (CNIg)

    The National Council of Immigration CNIg is a collegiate entity created by Law no. 6.815 of August 19, 1980, subject to the Ministry of Labor, with organization and operation defined by Decrees no. 840 of June 22, 1993, and no. 3.574 of August 23, 2000, with the purpose to (i) formulate the immigration policy; (ii) coordinate and orient immigration activities; (iii) perform the periodic survey of the needs for qualified foreign citizen labor for permanent or temporary admission; (iv) define the regions described in article 18 of Law no. 6815 of August 1980, and elaborate the respective immigration plans; (v) promote or provide studies of problems related to immigration; (vi) establish rules for the selection of immigrants, so as to E

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