Bloodborne Pathogens Bloodborne Pathogens Standard Unit 3

download Bloodborne Pathogens Bloodborne Pathogens Standard Unit 3

of 27

  • date post

    28-Jan-2016
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    215
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Bloodborne Pathogens Bloodborne Pathogens Standard Unit 3

Bloodborne Pathogens

Bloodborne PathogensBloodborne Pathogens StandardUnit 3

Lesson 1: Overview of the StandardObjectives:In this lesson, you will:Identify regulations included in the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard.List the regulations related to the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act.

Bloodborne Pathogens StandardSet of guidelines to avoid spreading bloodborne diseases like Hepatitis B & C and HIVCreated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in 1991Must be followed by healthcare facilities and employees or risk penalties

Exposure control planIdentify at-risk employeesHepatitis B vaccinePersonal protective equipmentHand washing stationsClean work environmentSigns and color-coded containers to mark biohazardous areasProcedure for handling exposuresEmployee training on bloodborne pathogen safetyProvisions of the Standard

Needlestick Safety and Prevention ActPassed by Congress in 2001Focused on safer medical devices and methods of recordkeepingIdentifying and using safer medical devices to avoid accidentsGetting input from employees who work directly with patientsMaintaining a log of injuries related to sharps

Lesson 1: Overview of the StandardSummary:In this lesson, you have:Identified regulations included in the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard.Listed the regulations related to the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act.

Lesson 2: Exposure Control PlanObjectives:In this lesson, you will:Discover the contents of an exposure control plan.Identify employees who are at increased risk of exposure.

Exposure Control PlanList of employees who might be exposedGuidelines to prevent exposureTraining about bloodborne pathogens and the exposure control planMethods used to maintain recordsExposure procedure

At-Risk EmployeesListed in the exposure determination section of the planAny employee whose job requires them to come into contact with blood or other possibly infectious bodily fluids

Hepatitis B VaccinationAt-risk employees are eligible for this free vaccineAvailable at no cost within 10 days of employmentNot required and can be received for free at any time

Lesson 2: Exposure Control PlanSummary:In this lesson, you have:Discovered the contents of an exposure control plan.Identified employees who are at increased risk of exposure.Lesson 3:Workplace Control PracticesObjectives:In this lesson, you will:Discover a variety of ways that facilities can reduce the risk of exposure.Identify safety devices.Document work practice controls in an exposure control plan.

DisinfectingEmployees must clean surfaces and equipment immediately after spill or use.A bleach solution with 1 part bleach and 10 parts water should be used as a disinfectant.

Disposing of WasteInfectious waste should immediately be sorted into the appropriate container.

Red or orange coloring, along with the biohazardous waste symbol, must be used to mark biohazardous waste containers.

Safer Medical DevicesRequired part of the exposure control planEvaluated by a safety committee that uses employee inputOne example is self-sheathing syringes

Lesson 3:Workplace Control PracticesSummary:In this lesson, you have:Discovered a variety of ways that facilities can reduce the risk of exposure.Identified safety devices.Documented work practice controls in an exposure control plan.

Lesson 4:Training and RecordkeepingObjectives:In this lesson, you will:Explore the training requirements of the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard.Identify the records that must be kept according to the Standard.

Bloodborne Pathogens TrainingMust be completed:When employment beginsAs needed as policies changeEach yearMedical RecordsKept for all employees with occupational exposureKept for at least 30 years after employment endsInclude:Name & social security numberHepatitis B vaccination statusReport of exposureEvaluators written opinion

Sharps Injury LogKept for at least five yearsReviewed each year as part of the safer devices evaluationIncludes:The date of the injuryThe type and brand of the sharps device involvedWhere the incident occurredHow the incident occurred

Training RecordsKept for 3 yearsInclude:Date of trainingTrainers nameAttendees namesSummary of material covered

Lesson 4:Training and RecordkeepingSummary:In this lesson, you have:Explored the training requirements of the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard.Identified the records that must be kept according to the Standard.

Lesson 5:Exposure ReportingObjectives:In this lesson, you will:Explore post-exposure procedures.Learn about the recordkeeping involved with exposure incidents.

Immediately After ExposureWash the area with soap and water.Tell the doctor in charge and the office manager what has happened.Post-Exposure ProceduresCreate a medical record with information about the exposure incidentCan also include:Lab testing to see if infection has occurredAntiviral medication to help prevent infection

Creating an Exposure RecordInformation about the event and test results are recorded.The employees family doctor gives a written opinion.Everything in the record is considered confidential.

Lesson 5:Exposure ReportingSummary:In this lesson, you have:Explored post-exposure procedures.Learned about the recordkeeping involved with exposure incidents.