Blended Learning & the Flipped Classroom: A...

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  • Blended Learning & the Flipped Classroom: A

    Teacher’s Toolbox Nicola Work

    University of Dayton nwork1@udayton.edu

  • Blended Learning

    “Blended learning is a student-centered approach to creating a learning experience whereby the learner interacts with other students, with the instructor, and with content (…) in both online and face-to-face environments. The instructional design of the experience organizes content, along with support materials, into synchronous and asynchronous learning events that are thoughtfully sequenced, with content that is delivered in a variety of modes ranging from traditional lecture to online tutorials.” Kevin Hodgson “Sharing time in a blended learning space” http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/6683

  • Blended Learning

    Blended learning, combining the best elements of online and face-to-face education, is likely to emerge as the predominant teaching model of the future. John Watson “Blending Learning: The Convergence of Online and Face-to-face Education”

    The integration of face-to-face and online learning to help enhance the classroom experience and extend learning through the innovative use of information and communications technology. Blended strategies enhance student engagement and learning through online activities to the course curriculum, and improve effectiveness and efficiencies by reducing lecture time. University of Calgary http://commons.ucalgary.ca/teaching/programs/itbl/

  • Blended Learning - Recap

    • Combination face-to-face and online • Student-centered, teacher = mediator • Materials delivered in variety of modes • Student responsible for own learning • Demonstrate understanding • Integrate technology

  • Blended Learning

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blended_learning

    http://www.businesstrainingonline.co.uk/blended-learning.html

  • Flipped Classroom

    http://flippedlearning.org/cms/lib07/VA01923112/C entricity/Domain/46/FLIP_handout_FNL_Web.pdf

    Identify the low-level procedural concepts that you teach; then, do these outside of class.

    Instruction takes place mostly at home/online; students practice in class

    Flipping = watching videos at home

  • Flipped Classroom • Fundamental premise:

    – Learning environment is student-centered • Students share responsibility for learning • Students become engaged in learning process

    – Students are introduced to content prior to class & practice in guided setting

    – Online environment best for mechanical tasks, low level tasks

    Language Educator, Nov. 2013

  • Flipped Language Class • Do low-level, procedural concepts outside

    of class • Not a lot of lecturing in FL class (no video

    lectures) • BUT:

    – Mechanical language manipulations – Grammar explanations – Reading – Listening

  • Advantages

    • More class time • More TL use in class • Learner control & differentiation • Content permanently archived • No absent student left behind • Active learning

  • Challenges

    • Access to technology • Too much screen time • Repetitive / boring to always watch videos • Anxiety about self-study • Students may fall behind • Fancy term for ‘homework’ • Students might not do the work • Preparation time

  • Technology Tools Flipped Classroom

    • PPT with recorded narration – Grammar explanation with examples – Cultural presentation with visuals, media – Listening comprehension based on pictures

  • Technology Tools Flipped Classroom

    • Snagit (screen casting software) – Records what is shown on computer screen – PPT and record narration – Output is a video – Show a variety of programs/screens

  • Technology Tools Flipped Classroom

    • Screen casting software (Doceri) – Grammar explanation with whiteboard writing

    (how to conjugate) – Video: follow along directions on a map

  • Technology Tools Flipped Classroom

    • QR code with link to YouTube video – Grammar explanations – Video clips, songs – Listening comprehensions: daily routine,

    famous singer interview – Virtual trip – History, culture

  • Technology Tools Flipped Classroom

    • Alternate Reality – Collection of different media linked to topic – Grammar – Culture – Exploratory Learning

  • Teaching Ideas: Aurasma Trigger Image to be scanned by iPad, iPod, iPhone

    Button overlay becomes visible Button overlay appears

  • Teaching Ideas Aurasma When buttons are touched (1), new layers become visible (2).

    1

    2

    • Links to websites

    • Images • Videos

  • Technology Tools Flipped Classroom

    • Podcasts (Audacity, AudioMemos; iTunesU) – Grammar explanations – Cultural information – Listening comprehension

  • Technology Tools Blended Learning

    SPEAKING • Tellagami, Voki, AudioBoo, AudioMemos

    – Short recordings about family, school, activities

    – Short narration (present, future, past) – Short cultural presentations

    Use language in meaningful, personalized way outside of class

  • Technology Tools Blended Learning

    SPEAKING • Video (phone camera, webcam)

    – Dialogues: greetings, ordering food in a restaurant

    – Visual descriptions: daily routine

  • Technology Tools Blended Learning

    SPEAKING • Skype

    – Cultural exchanges – Dialogues, interviews with another student

    outside the school, even abroad

  • Technology Tools Blended Learning

    WRITING • Cartoons (ToonDoo, Comics Head)

    – Short ‘stories’: greetings, q&a, grammar practice (prepositions with countries, cities)

    – Short cultural ‘blurb’: famous person, cultural concept, cultural difference

  • Technology Tools Blended Learning

    WRITING • Ebooks (OurStory, Book Creator)

    – Short narrations in present, future, past – Creative writing – Descriptions – Personalized writing: daily routine, studies,

    vacation

  • Technology Tools Blended Learning

    WRITING • Postcards (Photocard, ecards)

    – Short narration about past weekend, future or past vacation, plans for the future

    – Postcard exchange between students: Q&A, getting to know each other

    – Description of own culture (birthday celebrations, food habits)

  • Technology Tools Blended Learning

    WRITING • Blogs, message boards, padlet

    – Expression of opinion – Discussion of a cultural topic, reading – Definitions

  • Technology Tools Blended Learning

    LISTENING • Videos or audio (YouTube, news,

    interviews, songs, student presentations) – Cultural content – Listening comprehension (daily routine,

    directions, interview, story) – Listen & find (finding vocabulary,

    grammar items, expressions)

  • Technology Tools Blended Learning

    READING • Newspaper, blogs, websites, webquests,

    poems – Reading comprehension with summary,

    opinion, answering questions, filling out a chart/grid

    – Find & explain: find grammar items in the text and explain rule

  • My take: the best of both worlds

    • Not merely grammar explanation videos outside of class (flipped)

    • Extend language use to outside of class (blended)

    • Personalized, creative language use • Mix it up • Make language use fun

  • Questions?

    Nicola Work nwork1@udayton.edu

    @nicola_work https://nicolawork.wordpress.com/

    LinguaTechnology http://linguatechnology.com/

    mailto:nwork1@udayton.edu https://nicolawork.wordpress.com/

    Blended Learning & the Flipped Classroom: A Teacher’s Toolbox Blended Learning Slide 3 Blended Learning - Recap Slide 5 Flipped Classroom Slide 7 Flipped Language Class Advantages Challenges Technology Tools Flipped Classroom Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 16 Slide 17 Teaching Ideas: Aurasma Teaching Ideas Aurasma Slide 20 Technology Tools Blended Learning Slide 22 Slide 23 Slide 24 Slide 25 Slide 26 Slide 27 Slide 28 Slide 29 Slide 30 Slide 31 Slide 32 Slide 33 Slide 34 Slide 35 Slide 36 My take: the best of both worlds Questions?