Blended Learning, Student Engagement and Web 2.0: What’s the Connection?

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Transcript of Blended Learning, Student Engagement and Web 2.0: What’s the Connection?

  • 1. Blended Learning, Student Engagement and Web 2.0:Whats the Connection?Norm Vaughan, Ph.D. Mount Royal College

2. Overview

  • Blended learning
  • Student engagement
  • Web 2.0
  • Case study

3. Blended Learning 4. Blended Learning

  • Blended learning is theorganic integrationof thoughtfully selected and complementary face-to-face and online approaches and technologies (Garrison & Vaughan, 2008)

5. ONLINE DESIGN & DELIVERY F A C U L T Y ON-CAMPUS DESIGN & DELIVERY Michael Power, 2008 Faculty= faculty-led instruction S Y N C H R O N O U S A Blended Online Learning Environment Traditional Higher Education 6. ONLINE DESIGN & DELIVERY F A C U L T Y ON-CAMPUS DESIGN & DELIVERY Michael Power, 2008 Faculty= faculty-led instruction S Y N C H R O N O U S A Blended Online Learning Environment S Y S T E M A S Y N C H R O N O U S Online Learning System= system-managed instruction Traditional Higher Education 7. ONLINE DESIGN & DELIVERY F A C U L T Y ON-CAMPUS DESIGN & DELIVERY Michael Power, 2008 Faculty= faculty-led instruction S Y N C H R O N O U S A Blended Online Learning Environment S Y S T E M A S Y N C H R O N O U S Online Learning System= system-managed instruction Traditional Higher Education Blended Learning 8. ONLINE DESIGN & DELIVERY F A C U L T Y ON-CAMPUS DESIGN & DELIVERY Michael Power, 2008 Faculty= faculty-led instruction S Y N C H R O N O U S A Blended Online Learning Environment S Y S T E M A S Y N C H R O N O U S Online Learning System= system-managed instruction Traditional Higher Education Blended Learning Blended ONLINE Learning 9. A Blended Online Learning Environment

  • is the simultaneous and complimentaryintegrationand implementation of anasynchronous -mode learning environment (i.e. a course management system, or CMS) and asynchronous desktop conferencing environment (i.e. a virtual classroom).
    • Power (2008)AERA .

10. Advantages - Students

  • Increase in student accountability for ownership oflearning (control and responsibility)
  • More flexible and accessible course format (convenience, options for courses with multiple sections)
  • Improved learning outcomes for students
  • Decrease in student drop-failure-withdrawal (DFW) rates

11. Advantages - Teachers

  • Borderless teaching, reaching more students
  • Enhanced teacher interaction with students
  • Increased student engagement in learning
  • More flexible teaching and learning environment
  • Continuous improvement

12. Advantages - Administrators

  • Overall improvement in cost/effectiveness ratio;
  • Lower structure & associated front-end design costs;
  • Lower drop-out and failure rates;
  • Levels of structure & dialogue sustainable;
  • More flexible teaching and learning environment;
  • Some economy of scale possible;
  • Greater quality
  • Greater frequency of content refresh & increased course redesign (incremental improvement)

13. Challenges - Students

  • General
  • Transition from a passive to an active & collaborative learning approach
  • Study and time management skills
  • Expecting that fewer classes equates to less work
  • Accepting responsibility for completing individual & team activities;
  • Technical
  • Obtaining high-speed Internet access;
  • Learning to use more sophisticated technologies

14. Challenges - Teachers

  • Time commitment
  • Lack of support for course redesign
  • Difficulty in acquiring new teaching and technology skills
  • Risk factors

15. National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) 16. Student Engagement

  • What does this term or concept mean to you?

17. National Survey of Student Engagement

  • Student engagement
    • Amount oftime and effortthat students put into theirclassroomstudies that lead to experiences and outcomes that constitute student success
    • Ways theinstitutionallocates resources andorganizes learning opportunitiesand services to induce students to participate in and benefit from such activities

18. National Survey of Student Engagement

  • Five clusters of effective educational practice ( benchmarks )
    • Active and collaborative learning
    • Student interactions with faculty members
    • Level of academic challenge
    • Enriching educational experiences
    • Supportive campus environment

19. Seven Principles of Good Practice in Undergraduate Education

  • encourages contact between students and faculty,
  • develops reciprocity and cooperation among students,
  • encourages active learning,
  • gives prompt feedback,
  • emphasizes time on task,
  • communicates high expectations, and
  • respects diverse talents and ways of learning.
  • Chickering and Gamsons (1987)

20. Web 2.0 21. Web 2.0

  • A term used to describe the trend in the use of World Wide Web technology and web design that aims to enhance creativity, information sharing, and, most notably, collaboration among users.
  • Wikipedia
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_2.0

22. Web 1.0 vs. Web 2.0 OReilly, 2005 syndication --> stickiness tagging ("folksonomy") --> directories (taxonomy) wikis --> content management systems participation --> publishing blogging --> personal websites Wikipedia --> Britannica Online Web 2.0 Web 1.0 23. Web 2.0 - Categories

  • Social bookmarking
  • Blogs
  • Wikis
  • Social networking
  • Social media sharing
  • Mash-ups
  • VOIP
  • Virtual worlds

24. Social Bookmarking

  • Sharing personal collections of URLs on a web-based server
  • Ability to re-use and re-purpose existing collections of links
  • Tagging of resources helps develop relationships between concepts and people

25. Blogs

  • A Web-based public diary with dated entries, usually by a single author, often accompanied by links to other blogs that the author of the site visits on a regular basis (Downes, 2004).
  • Reflective writing and reading activity
  • Opportunity for students to receive external feedback and to make contributions to the dialogue in their field of study

26. Wikis

  • A wiki is a collection of Web pages that can be edited by anyone, at any time, from anywhere.The possibilities for using wikis as a platform for collaborative projects are limited only by ones imagination and time. (Cunningham, 1995)
  • Support collaborative and creative project-based work

27. Social networking

  • Focuses on building and verifying of online social networks for communities of people who share interests and activities
  • Additional communication channel to reach students (i.e. RSS feeds from institutional learning management systems)

28. Social media sharing

  • Simplify the process of posting and sharing content on the Web (i.e. text, audio, images and video)
  • Provide a wealth of re-usable media resources for learners and educators

29. Mashups

  • Allow non-technical individuals to mix up data, find new meaning and present it in interesting ways
  • Mapping mashups maps are overlaid with different types of information
  • Music mashups mixing tracks from two or more different source songs

30. VOIP

  • Synchronous communication opportunities (i.e. text messaging, audio, video)
  • Support real-time collaborative and creative project-based work

31. Virtual worlds

  • Synchronous interaction in 3-D immersive worlds
  • Support collaborative and creative project-based work that goes beyond text-based and audio communication

32. Case Study University of Calgary 33. Student Engagement in Blended Courses Moderate High Low Low ENGG205 Moderate High Low Low MODE Moderate Moderate Low Moderate STAS 201Moderate High Low Moderate PSYC 467Moderate High Moderate Moderate POLI 541Moderate High Low Low POLI 343Moderate High Low Moderate MDSC 361Low Low Low Low GRST 205Moderate High Low Low GEOG 361Moderate Moderate Low Low CPSC 203Learning Level of Academic Challenge Faculty to Student Interaction Active and collaborative learning 34. PSYC 467 - Fall 2006

  • Course initially consisted of three 50 minute lecture periods per week
  • Redesigned to incorporate a lab component and offered in a 120 minute time block once a week

35. Active and collaborative learning 36. Faculty to student interaction 37. Level of academic challenge 38. Student learning