Biome rainforest

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    25-May-2015
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MSED 251 Presentation

Transcript of Biome rainforest

  • 1. Biome: Rainforest Paige Lamb and Callie Victoria

2. Climate Very humid due to heavy rainfall (250cm per year) Very hot and wet Near the equator giving it more sunlight 77 degrees on average Temperature never drops below 64 degrees 3. Plants Main plants are trees Trees act as a shield between the rain and the ground: the canopy The canopy also keeps sunlight from reaching the plants below Forest floor is called the understory The understory is made up of smaller trees, ferns, and mosses Some of the major plant are Bromeliads, Lianas, Strangler Figs, Pitcher Plants, and Rubber Trees. 4. Bromeliads Thick waxy leaves which form a bowl shape to catch rainwater Can hold up to several gallons of water Have miniature ecosystems within themselves (frogs, salamander, snails, and beetles) 5. Lianas Climbing vine Thick woody stems Various lengths (up to 3000ft) Begin life on the understory, but climb trees for sunlight Attach themselves to trees with sucker roots, tendrils, or wind themselves around the trees. Spread to other trees once the reach the top of one. 6. Strangler Figs Start life high in the trees Seedlings send roots to the ground Surrounds the host tree and eventually suffocates the host (Parasitism) When the host dies, it leaves the Strangler with a hollow core 7. Pitcher Plant Grows to be 30ft tall Pitchers grow to be 12in in length Filled with digestive fluid and insects Eat small animals and reptiles when they try to steal the insects inside of the plant 8. Rubber Trees Grow to be 100-130ft Can live up to 100 years Famous for its milky white sap, known as latex In order to reproduce, the fruit bursts open, scattering the seeds up to 100ft away from the tree. 9. Animals Extremely diverse wildlife Support a broad array of animals (mammals, reptiles, birds, and invertebrates) Animals are well adapted to life there Many animal species are tree-dwelling Some of the animals include Poison Dart Frogs, Harpy Eagles, Jaguars, and Anacondas 10. Poison Dart Frog Eat termites, crickets, flies, and ants Grow to be 1-7cm in length Lay group eggs in water and take 12 days to hatch More than 100 species Skin contains poison 11. Harpy Eagle Diet consists of sloths, monkeys, and other small animals Grow to be 35-41 inches Will lay 1-2 eggs in a 2-3 year timespan, in which only one egg hatches Talons can be as large as the claws of a Grizzly Bear 12. Jaguar Diet consists of turtles, deer, and tapirs Grow to be 5.5-8 feet Females have a 100 day gestation period Can give birth to 2-4 cubs 3rd largest big cat in the world Can live up to 20-30 years 13. Anaconda Diet consists of rodents, fish, turtles, and larger mammals Take several weeks or longer to digest a meal Hunt by submerging all but its nostrils in the water Can reach 37 feet in length Bear live young snakes Kills its prey by squeezing the animal until it can no longer breath Swallow its prey whole. 14. Interesting Fact A lot of the rain never reaches the ground, it stays in the trees The trees can reach up to 164ft tall Contain more than 50% of all species on earth An area the size of a football field is being destroyed each second 1 in 4 ingredients in our medicine is from rainforest plants