Basic english concepts for Uyghur file · Web viewGrammar Terms. English Word. Uyghur...

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Transcript of Basic english concepts for Uyghur file · Web viewGrammar Terms. English Word. Uyghur...

Basic english concepts for Uyghur speakers

Grammar Terms

English Word

Uyghur word

Word

Phrase

Sentence

Noun

n.

Adjective

Adj.

Adverb

Adv.

Pronoun

Pn. / pro.

Verb

v. / vb

Conjunctions

cnj

Particle

Some (Noun) + (ER|OR) shows job

Other uses show increase or decrease compared to something else: Adj + ER

To show the most adjective of a group: Adjective + EST

Example: big, bigger, biggest

Plurals:

Rules for plurals:

1) Normal rule: Noun + S

a. Book - books

b. Hat hats

2) Noun ending with s, x, z, ch, or sh: Noun + ES

a. Bus buses

b. Match matches

c. Box boxes

3) Noun ending with Y with I or E sound: Noun y + ies

a. Spy Spies

b. Baby babies

c. Boy boys (Y is not an I or E sound)

4) Noun ending with F or FE: Nouns F changes to V and add ES or S

a. Leaf leaves

b. Loaf loaves

c. Life Lives

5) Irregular (must memorize, no rules)

a. Man men

b. Mouse mice

6) Words with same word for singular and plural

a. Fish (1) fish (>1)

b. Sheep (1) sheep (>1)

Making Adverbs from Adjectives: Adj + LY

Slow - slowly

Quick quickly

Loving lovingly

Sad sadly

Sentence order

1) (particle) + (adjective) + Noun + (adverb) + (Verb) + (adverb) +

a. he runs (noun + verb)

b. the man runs (particle + noun + verb)

c. the tall man runs (particle + adjective + noun + verb)

d. the tall man runs slowly (particle + adjective + noun + verb + adverb)

e. the tall man slowly runs home (particle + adj + noun + adv + verb + noun)

2) Questions: (Question word) + verb [to be, to do] + noun +

a. Where is he?

b. Where is the man?

c. Where is the tall man?

d. Where did the tall man go? (question word + verb + particle + adj + noun + verb)

e. Is he coming? (verb + noun + verb)