Basic Elements of Poetry. Flashcards Acrostic poem Acrostic poem Alliteration Alliteration Allusion...

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Transcript of Basic Elements of Poetry. Flashcards Acrostic poem Acrostic poem Alliteration Alliteration Allusion...

  • Basic Elements of Poetry

  • FlashcardsAcrostic poemAlliterationAllusionAsideBlank VerseComic reliefCoupletDialogueDramatic IronyEnd RhymeClosed FormOpen FormFree VerseHaikuIambic pentameterImageryInternal RhymeMetaphorOnomatopoeiaPersonificationPoetic footPunRhyme SchemeRhymeShakespearean SonnetSimileSoliloquySpeakerTercetTragic Flaw

    Jiram.pbworks.com9th grade comp/litCalendar1/6 Basic Elements of Poetry`

  • Poetrya patterned expression of ideas in imaginative terms, usually (but not necessarily) containing rhyme and a specific meter.

  • FormClosed

    Open

  • FormClosed: allows the poet to establish a pattern that will help him or her create the desired meaning or sound.

    Open: allows the poet to write freely without worrying about trying to make the words fit a specific meter or rhyme scheme.

  • Who is the speaker?the voice telling the poem; a poem may have more than one speaker; the speaker and the poet are not necessarily the same

  • Rhymethe similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words; the repetition of sounds that are similar or identical; expresses strong feelings and enhances the meaning and impact of poetryrhyme scheme: the pattern of rhymes formed by the end rhyme in a poem; first sound is a, second sound is b, third sound is c, etc.

  • Rhythmthe regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables (beats) we hear in poetry; stress is simply the greater amount of emphasis we give to a syllable in speaking; stressed syllable is accented (long); unstressed syllable is unaccented (short)

  • Meterthe pattern of rhythm in a line of poetry; from the Greek word meaning "measure"; the type of meter depends upon the placement of stress within each poetical foot (see chart below)

  • Poetical FootUnit used to measure rhythmMonometer=1 foot (2 syllables)Dimeter= 2 feet (4 syllables)Trimeter= 3 feet (6 syllables)Tetrameter= 4 feet (8 syllables)Pentameter= 5 feet (10 syllables)

  • Verse FormsRhymed Verse: contains end rhyme and usually has a regular meter and rhyme scheme; rhyming couplets means that every two lines rhyme; an example of "closed form"Blank Verse: contains a fixed rhythm and regular line length BUT no rhyme.Free Verse: poetry free of traditional metrical and stanzaic patterns; no fixed rhythm or rhyme scheme; uses everyday (colloquial) language, natural speech rhythms, and differing line lengths; key feature is its departure from traditional meters; an example of "open form.

  • DialogueCommunication between characters

  • Dramatic IronyWhen the reader/audience knows more than the charactersLike in a scary movie you know the monster is in the closet so you tell the main character not to open the closet!

  • Types of poemsBalladTercetsCoupletsSonnetAcrosticHaiku

  • BalladA group of 4 lines is a STANZA.The ballad has a rhyme at the end of line number 2 and line number 4.A-B-C-B

  • TercetTercets have 3 lines.

  • CoupletsCouplets have 2 lines that rhyme.

  • SonnetSonnets are composed of 14 lines.Always ends with a couplet.Rhyme scheme:ABAB CDCD EFEF GG

  • Sonnet ExampleOne of the hardest things is poetry, Reading, thinking, finding what words mean, I bet you're wondering how this could be, Never easy to find the hidden theme. Please spare me all the meter, rhyme, and spondee, I can't believe I had to take this class, I do despise it - means nothing to me, Sometimes I feel like such a striped bass. As much as I can try so hard to see, I have to say that poetry is tough, To comprehend it takes an eternity, To understand the rules is not enough.

    To learn about this thing called poetry, I wish that someone could do it for me.

  • Acrostic PoemFRIENDSWhen you use each letter in a word or name to describe it.

  • Haiku

    A Japanese poem composed of three lines.Each line has a different amount of syllables. 5-7-5They are usually about nature.

  • Who used iambic pentameter?Chaucer, Milton and Shakespeare were all famous for the use of iambic pentameter in their writing.

  • What is iambic pentameter?Penta= 5Meter= measureIamb=2 syllables Iambic refers to an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.Three quatrains and a couplet.14 linesEach line has 10 syllables

  • ExampleShall I com-PARE thee TO a SUM-mers DAY?

  • AsideA speech directed to the audience that is not heard by the other characters on stage.

  • Comic ReliefA funny scene used to break the tension, in a serious plot

  • ImageryWhen the author adds details so that the words can create an image in the readers mind.

    Example: The boys tears ran down his face. His salty tears stained his paper and made everyone turn their heads to look at him.

  • Metaphors & SimilesMetaphor: NOT using like or as to compare TWO unlike objectsEx: She is my sunshine after the rain.

    Simile: Using like or as to compare TWO unlike objectsEx: He is LIKE the sunshine after the rain.

  • OnomatopoeiaWords that sound like what they mean

    Ex: Ring, ring! Drop, drop Boom!

  • PersonificationWhen human qualities are given to objects or concepts

    Ex: The moon kept hiding behind the clouds.Ex: Life keeps hitting me in the face!Ex: The computer hates me!

  • PunA play on words because a word has more thank one meaning or SOUNDS like another word

    Ex: Math teachers have many problems!

  • Shakespearean SonnetA poem that has 14 linesWritten in iambic pentameterHas 3 quatrainsEnds in a couplet

  • SoliloquyWhen the character is alone on stage and says his/her thoughts aloud

    Ex: Romeo expressing his love for Juliet.

  • Tragic flawWhen the hero makes a HUGE mistake causing him/her to fail or die